# Lesson 06

### 01.01.06 Do you know the continents?

 Continent outline mapshttp://www.eduplace.com/ss/maps/Continent bordershttp://img509.imageshack.us/img509/1630/sevenconao0.jpg

Download a map of the world from the "Outline Maps" web site. Color the seven continents, each continent a different color. Be careful to put the borders of the continents in the correct place. Making sure that you also include the major oceans that are in or around each continent. Make sure you have a compass rose, equator, prime meridian, tropic of cancer, and tropic of capricorn on the map. Put some of the major countries in also. A big HINT: the map above is not exactly correct as to borders and continents.

You will be graded on the completeness of the assignment. Make sure that the continents borders are correct (hint: Europe and Asia, No. America and So. America, etc.). Make sure to be neat and legible. Use a key if it will help make the map more understandable.

***70% or higher is required to pass any assignment***
Worlds Continents: The borders are not correct in this image.

### 01.06 Solving Multi-Step Inequalities (Math Level 1)

 Solve multi-step inequalities and justify the steps involved.

Something to Ponder

What are some things you need to consider as you write expressions or equations to model real-life situations and problems?

Mathematics Vocabulary

Inequality: an expression with an inequality sign (like < , ≤ , > or ≥) instead of an equals sign

Solve linear inequalities: perform the same operation on both sides of the inequality.

Note: When $\fn_phv {\color{Red}multiplying }$ or $\fn_phv {\color{Red}dividing }$ both sides of an inequality by a $\fn_phv {\color{Red}negative }$ number, $\fn_phv {\color{Red}reverse }$ the $\fn_phv {\color{Red}inequality }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}symbol }$.

An inequality remains unchanged if:

• the same number is added to both sides of the inequatily
• the same number is subtracted from both sides of the inequality
• both sides of the inequality are multiplied or divided by a positive number

Learning these concepts

Click each mathematician image OR click the link below to launch the video to help you better understand this "mathematical language."

$\fn_phv {\color{Red}SCROLL }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}DOWN }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}TO }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}THE }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}GUIDED }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}PRACTICE }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}SECTION }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}AND }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}WORK }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}THROUGH }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}THE }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}EXAMPLES }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}BEFORE }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}SUBMITTING }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}THE }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}ASSIGNMENT!!! }$

### 01.06 The Greek Gods and the Trojan War (English 9)

Many of the assignments in the first semester will refer to a story first told in ancient Greece: The Odyssey, by Homer. You will understand it better if you know a little about the Greek gods, especially Zeus, Poseidon, Athena, Hera, Ares, Hephaestus, Hermes and Aphrodite. If you are already familiar with the Greek gods, you might want to skim this and go on.

The Greek gods were pretty much like regular people, except that they were immortal and had supernatural powers. They were not necessarily ethical, just, merciful or kind, and could be selfish and capricious. They sometimes had temper tantrums or did things on a whim. They definitely played favorites.

 Zeus: (WMC, CC, from Väsk image) Zeus was the king of the gods, and the most powerful. He could use lightning bolts to strike people he didn't like. He also liked to sleep around, and had dozens, maybe even hundreds, of children from mortal women. (The other male gods also occasionally had children with mortal women.) Zeus' wife, Hera, was jealous (with good cause) and did not like these children of Zeus and his mortal lovers. Poseidon with his trident and horses (fountain sculpture): (WMC,CC, Pacogq image) Poseidon was Zeus' brother, and god of the ocean. As well as storms at sea, he could cause earthquakes by striking the earth with the trident he carried. Hephaestus, another brother, was god of the forge, volcanoes and fire. He usually minded his own business and left mortals alone. He was married to Aphrodite, goddess of beauty and love, who was a flirt and an airhead. A third brother, Ares, was god of war. He was short-tempered, cruel, impulsive and a bit of a coward and bully. Hades, also brother to Zeus, was god of the underworld - where people went after death. He had a three-headed dog named Cerberus. Athena: (WMC, CC, G.dallorto image) Athena was Zeus' daughter, and goddess of wisdom, useful crafts and war. She was suppposed to have sprung full-grown from Zeus' head. Of all the gods, Athena was the one most likely to be reasonable and just. The city of Athens was named in her honor. In The Odyssey, Athena helps Odysseus because she likes his intelligence and courage. Hermes was the messenger god, and could fly because he had winged sandals. He could be mischievious, but was usually good-humored. Other important gods included Artemis (goddess of the hunt), Apollo (god of the sun), Dionysius (god of wine), Demeter (goddess of the earth & harvest), and Hestia (goddess of the hearth & home).

The Trojan War

Helen was the most beautiful woman in the world, and when she reached marriageable age, young men came from all around in hopes of becoming her husband.
One man who came courting Helen was Odysseus, who was already known for his intelligence and common sense. Odysseus could see that any man who married Helen would probably be attacked and killed by others who wanted to steal her, so he convinced all the men there to make a treaty of sorts - they all agreed that they would help defend whichever man Helen married.

Helen married Menelaus of Sparta, all the others went home, and everything went well for several years. Odysseus went home to Ithaca and fell in love with Penelope. They married and had a son, Telemachus.

Problems started with the gods. Athena, Hera and Aphrodite were tricked into an argument about who was the most beautiful, and Zeus named Paris, a good-looking young man, to be the judge.
Each of the goddesses tried to bribe him, and Aphrodite, who promised him the most beautiful woman in the world as wife, won the contest. She helped Paris to steal Helen from Menelaus.

Paris took Helen to Troy, and Menelaus called upon all the men who had once promised to help defend him.

These Greeks laid siege to Troy for ten years. Many famous battles and heroes had a part in the war, but in the end the Greeks won by a trick planned by Odysseus:
The Trojan horse: (WMC, public domain)
The Greeks pretended to leave, but left a large, hollow wooden horse behind. Odysseus and a few soldiers hid inside the wooden horse, which the Trojans dragged into the city during their premature celebration. That night, the men snuck out of the horse and opened the city gates to let in the whole Greek army, who had come back under cover of darkness. The Greeks sacked Troy, Helen (no longer under Aphrodite's spell) went home with Menelaus, and all the Greeks started home.

The story of The Odyssey tells Odysseus' adventures on his journey home, which takes years.

### 01.06 Aging, Death and Dying (Health II)

 Standard 1, Objective 2d: Apply stress management techniques.

 Required: Top Ten Aging Challengeshttp://longevity.about.com/od/liveto100/tp/top-aging-challen...Required: Organ donationhttp://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/organdonation.htmlRequired: Living willshttp://www.mayoclinic.com/health/living-wills/HA00014Supplemental: Assisted Suicidehttp://www.wrtl.org/assistedsuicide/painmanagement.aspxSupplemental: FAQ about organ donationhttp://www.mayoclinic.com/health/organ-donation/FL00077Supplemental: Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicidehttp://www.religioustolerance.org/euthanas.htmSupplemental: Hospice Carehttp://www.nhpco.org/sites/default/files/public/Statistics_R...

### 01.06 Basic Vocabulary for Parts of Speech & Usage review (English 9)

 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. Use various types of phrases (noun, verb, adjectival, adverbial, participial, prepositional, absolute) and clauses (independent, dependent; noun, relative, adverbial) to convey specific meanings and add variety and interest to writing or presentations.

Louis Sergent, determined that he will finish high school and not work in the coal mines, does his homework, 1946, Kentucky.: Russell Lee image, NARA, public domain

 Read me first: Basic vocabulary for parts of speech and usagehttps://share.ehs.uen.org/node/17726Verbs and Verbals videohttp://pp1.ehs.uen.org/groups/english09/weblog/b344f/027_Par...SAS Parts of speech interactive (do Prepare, Identify, Practice, Apply) - username: farm9the, QL#: 942http://www.sascurriculumpathways.com/loginQuiz yourself on finding nouns in sentenceshttp://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/quizzes/nouns_quiz1.h...Quiz yourself on finding adjectives in sentenceshttp://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/quizzes/adjectives_qu...Quiz yourself on finding verbs in sentenceshttp://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/quizzes/verbmaster.ht...Click here to see a list of nouns (in blue), along with some fairly unusual adjectives, on the web.http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:English_irregular_adj...

For more help, do the Parts of Speech interactive lesson (from SAS). Then, try the other links.
To access the SAS lessons:
English: Word Classes, 942
To open this resource in SAS® Curriculum Pathways®:

1. Go to: http://www.sascurriculumpathways.com/login
2. Enter the student user name: farm9the
3. In the Quick Launch box, enter: 942

### 01.06 Composition and Variety Essay (ArtFouii)

 teacher-scored 30 points possible 90 minutes

Directions: Refer to the reading material from earlier lessons. Open up a word processing document and create an essay using the information that answers the rubric below. Make sure you proofread your writing, save it as a PDF document and upload it in the next section for grading. If that is not possible, copy and paste your essay in the submission area for grading.

 Structure Content Points possible Introduction (one paragraph) In your own words, define variety and composition as they are used in a general sense (not in art). Give examples from your daily life. 3 Background (one paragraph) When you studied composition or variety before (it could be from another class, such as art, English, or a music class), explain what you learned. 3 Narrowing the topic (two paragraphs) Explain how variety and composition can be used in art. Include the four tips for composition. 6 Examples (two paragraphs) Use art museum websites on the internet to choose two images NOT used in the class lessons to illustrate variety and at least one of the composition tips. Do a "save image as" and insert the images into your paper (after re-sizing them to fit); if you can't do that, list the url for each image in your paper so the teacher will be able to see them. Explain how each image uses variety and the composition tip. 7 Process (one paragraph) Explain how you plan to apply the composition tips and the design principle of variety in your still-life drawing for Unit One 3 Conclusion (one paragraph) How and why are composition and variety important in visual art? Explain how you can use these concepts in the future. 3 Editing Proofread and edit your writing for mistakes in spelling, punctuation and other conventions. Up to five off if not done

### 01.06 Death & dying research paper (Health II)

 teacher-scored 35 points possible 120 minutes

You will write a researched essay about an issue related to death, aging and dying chosen from the topics listed below.

Overview of assignment

Purpose: to inform  and persuade; Audience: teens and young adults

TOPIC CHOICES:

Hospice Care, Euthanasia, Living Wills, Doctor Assisted Suicide, or Organ Donations

Search Pioneer Library, SIRS Knowledge Source, for information on the topic you chose from the list above. Use at least one of the websites listed for the previous lesson (01.6) and at least one source from Pioneer Library. Length: at least 550 words, plus a list of your sources.

Write a two-page paper (12 point font, double or single-spaced, 1" margins, at least 550 words) clearly stating your position on the chosen topic, with research to support your claims (more sources than just Wikipedia are required, though it may be used minimally if you’d like). More quality sources are encouraged. BE SURE TO CITE YOUR SOURCES OF INFORMATION FROM YOUR RESEARCH throughout the paper, as well as a works cited section included at the end. REMEMBER TO WRITE IN YOUR OWN WORDS, CITE YOUR SOURCES ON ALL RESEARCHED OR QUOTED WORK (this means within the paper, as well as a works cited section at the end)!! and make sure to PROOFREAD and EDIT your report before submitting it.

Overview of grading :

Ideas and content 15 points:

Clearly state your opinion on the chosen topic, and cover all requested information

Documented research and citations 15 points:

Support your paper with documented research, including a source from Pioneer Library. Cite your sources within the body of the text so that it is clear where you obtained all of your information (worth 5 points). Include a works cited section at the end of your paper (worth 5 points). Introduce in your own words, put in quotation marks, cite, and comment on (again, in your own words) any researched material used in your paper (worth 5 points).

Conventions 5 points:

Proof, spell check and edit your work before sending it (worth 5 points).

***DO NOT copy and paste material directly from a website, DO NOT leave any links to other websites in your paper, and DO NOT plagiarize or cheat in any way. Papers suspect to plagiarism or cheating will result in an automatic ZERO with no chance of corrections.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 3 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 01.06 DOL Refresher Course

 teacher-scored 7 points possible 45 minutes

Do You Remember DOLs?

Before you start revising your own writing, let's practice some of the skills of revision by completing the following "Daily Oral Language" exercise.

This will get you in the mindset of finding mistakes that can make writing confusing. You will, in turn, need to employ these same skills when you are reading, re-reading, and revising your own writing.

Copy and paste the DOL practice below, between the rows of asterisks, into a word document.

Make a list of the needed corrections and explain why those corrections are needed, then place your work into the assignment submission area after you have saved it to your hard drive. (DOL obtained and modified from W.O.W. and D.O.L. - Wolfe County Schools wolfe.k12.ky.us)

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DOL Practice *Correct seven errors in the following paragraph:

My Brother and Me sing in a chorus, and every December we sing the Messiah by George F Handel. This piece was first performed in Dublin, Ireland in 1,742. My brother Ray doesn’t sing, but he do play the trumpet. This yere he will have the pleaseure of performing the famous trumpet solo.

List the mistakes and their needed corrections (explain) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

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1. Find seven mistakes in the paragraph above and explain the grammar rule behind each of the corrections.

Submit this assignment in the next section of this course.

SAVE ALL OF YOUR WORK FROM THIS QUARTER

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 1 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 01.06 Language "Work Out" 2

 teacher-scored 12 points possible 30 minutes

Gold laurel wreath: Andreas Praefcke, public domain via Wikimedia Commons

Workout 2:

Gold

Copy and paste the material between the asterisk lines into a word processing document.

Complete the requirements for the assignment and copy and paste it back into the submission box.

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Gold has been valued threw out human history. Unlike silver it doesn't tarnish and it has a bright, yellow color and shine making it atractive.  Because it is nonreactive it is often found in pure form as nuggets or veins within rock.  Because it is very malleable it can be beaten into gold leaf or worked into jewlry or coins.  Kings and Queens of many cultures wore crowns of gold.  it has been associated with marriage for centuries first as a bridle crown and now as the traditional material for wedding rings.  The top prize at the Olympic games is the gold metal. Much early knowledge of chemistry came from alchemists attempts to turn lead into gold.  What they did not realize? Was that gold is an element. There attempts to create it from another element were doomed to failure.

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15 Corrections Possible; you need to find at least 10 for full credit

Scoring Rubric

10 Points= At least 10 mistakes have been found (1 point each)

2 Points= Changes have been "highlighted" and are easy find in the submission

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 1 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 01.06 Lesson 1F: Using ¿Cómo? and ¿Qué? (Spanish 1)

Lesson 1F
Using ¿Cómo? and ¿Qué?"

[A copy of this lesson is available in a PDF file!! If you prefer to use this type of document, just click on the following link to complete this lesson: SpI_Lesson1F]

Lesson 1C was all about what to say when you first meet someone. After saying “Hello”, the next thing you want to do is ask questions!! In organizing the curriculum for this Spanish course, we felt that being able to form questions and understanding “interrogative words” was essential for being able to communicate in Spanish!! What we are finding in other textbooks and materials on the internet, is rarely are specific “question words” taught individually. Most resources group all of these words together in one presentation. So we asked ourselves, “Selves … maybe we shouldn’t change our plans??” But over time, we have decided that focusing on forming questions in Spanish, really helps us to feel comfortable in speaking and initiating conversations. It is essential!! So, we are continuing with our original plan and finding that “question words” taught in one presentation could be a great method of learning new words, reviewing words already taught, and introducing words for future lessons!! So we’ll be utilizing many different web links and video clips in our “question words” lessons that will include words we have learned, are learning, and will be learning later in the course!! Exciting!! So lets begin...

Probably, the most commonly used “interrogative words” in English and Spanish are “¿cómo? – what/how? and “qué? – what/how?”. Notice that both of these words appear to have the same English translation, but they are not interchangeable!! Depending on the situation and information needed, only one of these question words is commonly used! Actually, you have already seen both of these words in asking some basic questions in the dialogues from lesson 1C!!

Question word “¿Cómo?”: Usually the question word “¿Cómo?" is translated into English as “How?”. It is used to ask about something/someone and also to question the degree or intensity of something.

Question word “¿Qué?”: Usually the question word “¿Qué?" is translated into English as “What?”. It is used to ask for a definition or an explanation.

Here are a few basic rules for asking questions in Spanish:

The following links are so easy to use and have lots of great information on proper greetings and introductory questions. I couldn’t seem to get the audio to work but maybe you can!! The information is a great review!!

This is a great site that looks at Spanish words used to translate the English word “What?” This web page focuses on ¿Cómo? and ¿Qué? ... which is wonderful for helping to learn this lesson, but also introduces the question word ¿Cuál? ... getting us excited about words we will learn in later lessons!!

Once again, our wonderful “Professor Jason”!! This is a great discussion of “question words”. His presentation includes not only the interrogative words in this lesson, ¿cómo? and ¿qué?, but covers many of the other important question words!! The first few minutes should be familiar to you as he discusses the concepts of this lesson, and a fabulous introduction of many of the other question words we will be learning!! So just sit back and enjoy your own private tutor session with “Professor Jason”!!

Summary of Lesson: The two interrogative/question words, ¿cómo? and ¿qué, are two of the most commonly used Spanish words in forming sentences that ask for information. Now there are all kinds of things you should be able to learn about your new Spanish speaking friend!!

Practice Exercises: There are quite a few activities with question words but once again, they include lots of words that we haven’t learned yet!! These activities include practicing question words, along with introductory greetings!! When finished with each activity, close the window by clicking on the “X” button at the top, right corner of your internet browser to return to this page in do another activity!

 Exercises on Question Words!http://www.babelnation.com/spanish/courses/01_01_exerca.htmlMore Exercises!http://www.babelnation.com/spanish/courses/01_01_3.htmlGreat Practice on Question Words!http://www.babelnation.com/spanish/courses/01_01_4.html

### 01.06 Mathematical modeling (Calculus)

 HC: Relationships among variableshttp://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?course=Algebra%20I...HC: The scatterplothttp://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?course=Statistics%...HC: Linear functions reviewhttp://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?course=Statistics%...HC: The regression linehttp://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?course=Statistics%...

### 01.06 More Interactions: Design an Experiment (Earth Systems)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 180 minutes

If you need to review the basics about how to design an experiment, click on the "Experiment Guidelines" document above.

Materials:

· Whatever you decide

Assignment:

Click on the "Rubric Experiment" document above to find out how your experiment will be scored.

1. Determine what you want to find out when you do your experiment. Write down the QUESTION that you are trying to answer. If you are having trouble coming up with a question, look outside. Make a list of 10 biotic factors and 10 abiotic factors. Then think of ways that the biotic things interact with the abiotic things. Think of experiments you could do to test how the factors interact.

2. Predict what you think the outcome of your experiment will be. (Hypothesis)

3. Design an experiment to test your prediction. Remember to include a control. Be very specific. Tell me exactly what you plan to do. Tell me how much of everything you plan on using. Tell me how long you plan on running the experiment and how often you will check it. Tell me how you will record your data. I want details!!!

01.06 4. STOP!!! Submit your experimental design to me via email before going any further. I promise to give you feedback on your design within three days. If the design is scientifically sound, you may go ahead and conduct your experiment. If it has flaws, we will work together until you have designed a valid, reliable experiment---then you may go ahead and conduct your experiment.

5. AFTER you have received my go-ahead, conduct your experiment. Be sure to keep detailed lab notes. Your lab notes should contain a record of everything you did as well as all the data you collected. Each entry on your lab notes should be dated. (Month/day/year) 6. Follow the directions below to submit your assignment.

ANALYSIS

1. Re-send me your original question, your hypothesis, and your experimental plan.

2. Send me your lab notes. I want to the observations that you recorded. Do not simply send me a summary of your results. I want to see a record of your observations.

3. Based on your observations, write a conclusion. What does your data tell you? What did you learn from your experimental results?

4. What kind of relationships did you find between biotic and abiotic factors? 5. Do your findings support your hypothesis? Why or why not? 6. If you were to do this again, what would you change? Why?

7. What additional experiments could be performed?

Please, send me the information requested in analysis questions A-G.

GOOD LUCK AND HAVE FUN!

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 5 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 01.06 Natural Selection (Biology)

 TO DO Read: Chapter 6 Natural Selection in the EHS Biology Quarter 1 - Biological Diversity text book. Explore:  The URLs found under the heading 01.06 Darwin's Finches (Biology).   Complete: Once you have read the chapter and explored the URLs complete the following activities: 01.06.01 Darwin's Finches - Assignment 01.06.02 - Virtual Peppered Moth - Lab 01.06.03 Natural Selction - Quiz 01.06.04 Lesson Check

### 01.06 Natural Selection (Biology)

 URL 1: Article about Darwin's fincheshttp://people.rit.edu/rhrsbi/GalapagosPages/DarwinFinch.htmlURL 2: Questions about diversity and evolutionhttp://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/2006/08.24/31-finches.ht...URL 3: Video about Darwin's fincheshttp://deimos3.apple.com/WebObjects/Core.woa/Browse/itunes.o...URL 4: Audio about Darwin's fincheshttp://deimos3.apple.com/WebObjects/Core.woa/DownloadTrackFi...

Click on this link and listen to information about the scientists now studying on the Galapagos Islands and how the finches have continued to evolve. You must have iTunes and Quicktime installed on your computer to access this.

### 01.06 Nonverbal Communication: Differences in Males/Females Behavior

 Women's and Men's Nonverbal Behavior Listeners know that nonverbal use of space, posture, movement, touch, eye contact and facial expression can also communicate power or powerlessness, dominance or submission. As we recall the elements of nonverbal communication, listening to nonverbal messages, we can consider the ways women and men use each and which are the result of culture. Space can indicate power. In our culture women and people of lower status take up less space then men and people of higher status. Women are taught to keep the knees together, cross the legs at the ankle or knee, keep the elbows near the body and hold belongings on the lap. Men, on the other hand, habitually take up space by sprawling and spreading out their belongings. Height can also show power. The person who stands over the one who is seated communicates power. Men are generally taller than women, and thus appear to have more power. (Tall women, however, have not learned to use their height in a powerful way.) Smiling can show happiness, appeasement or submission. Dominant members of a hierarchy smile less than submissive members. Perceptive listeners are aware that women smile more frequently and for longer duration than men, but this does not signal happiness--it is a communication style. Eye contact is also used more often and for longer duration by women when they listen. They avert their eyes more often when looked at. Listeners must note the context in which eye contact is experienced. While eye contact may signal listening or giving respect, prolonged eye contact can deliver a threat or a sexual invitation. Nodding (and sometimes saying "yes" while nodding) is often employed by women listeners to mean, "I am listening." Men often presume this means agreement, because to them, silence means, "I am listening and agreeing." As interesting as it is to speculate on what women and men signal by certain nonverbal cues, we must take care in interpreting them. "There is much potential for much misunderstanding in cross-sex communication exchanges. Both women and men listeners need to be able to identify very precisely those behaviors which seem intrusive or inappropriate."

### 01.06 Nonverbal Communication: Differences in Males/Females Behavior- Gender Differences

 teacher-scored 15 points possible 30 minutes

Write a short but concise summary of how men and women may be different in how and what they communicate nonverbally, based on the information you have read.
Give two examples of how these differences may lead to misunderstandings in the workplace.

### 01.06 Parts of Speech review quiz (English 9)

 computer-scored 15 points possible 10 minutes

You may need to review the information about parts of speech (see links above) before you take this quiz. If you are not confident with this material, you will have a very difficult time learning about phrases and clauses.
Go to Module 3 on your main class page to take this quiz. You may take the quiz multiple times, but you must score at least 67% to pass.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 1 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 01.06 Self-Employment & Entrepreneurs (Financial Literacy)

 Identify the risks and rewards of entrepreneurship and self-employment.

Many artisans and artists are self-employed: Image from Wikimedia Commons, Joe Mabel, Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported BACKGROUND

Another way to earn money besides working for others is to be an “entrepreneur”--to be your own boss and own your own business. This can be full-time or part-time. Entrepreneurs cannot set any wage they want. They must make sufficient profit to pay their own wages and others as well. Nonetheless, many entrepreneurs earn far more than if they worked for someone else. But some make NO profit and incur great debt. So owning a business has risks AND rewards. Anyone can be an entrepreneur, including students, parents, Tiff or Cameron, or someone that works full-time in a regular job. Many young people have a business on the side to bring in extra cash. It often begins when a person identifies some skill they have that fills other people's needs. Entrepreneurs have special skills, interests, or experience in providing a service or product others are willing to pay for.

VISIT URL #1 shown below to read the introductory paragraph and take the 7-question “Entrepreneur quiz.” Then click “submit” to read the evaluation of your answers. Then exit the web page and proceed to the URL #2 activity. VISIT URL #2 read the article and then take the short online questionnaire to compare your qualities with successful entrepreneurs. Then exit the web page to complete the assignment quiz, This lesson has no assignment, only a quiz. Please proceed to the “Assignments, Quizzes, and Tests” section for 1.06.

### 01.06 Self-Employment & Entrepreneurs links (Financial Literacy)

 URL #1: entrepreneur quizhttp://www.bankrate.com/brm/news/biz/soho/20010710a.aspURL #2: character traits questionnaire http://www.entrepreneur.com/personalityquiz

### 01.06 Self-Employment & Entrepreneurs Quiz (Financial Literacy)

 computer-scored 10 points possible 20 minutes

You will now complete a 10-question online quiz. You MUST score at least 8 to receive credit for the assignment but don't worry if you don't get at least 8 the first time since you can retake the quiz as many times as you need. Only your last quiz attempt counts. You may continue to increase your score if you want (7 or less = try again, 8 = B, 9 or 10 = A).
You may now take the quiz. Afterward, simply proceed to the next assignment.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 2 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 01.06 Solving Equations, part 4 (Math I)

 Common Core Standards: N.Q.1, N.Q.2, A.SSE.1a, A.CED.1, A.REI.1, A.REI.3; Standards for Math Practice: 1-8

In this lesson we learn to solve an arbitrary linear equation.

Please read the lessons below. All sections that start with the number 01.06 are part of this lesson. If you would like to print out the material, the same information is contained in the PDF attached above (Unit01Lesson6.pdf).

 Common Core Standards: N.Q.1, N.Q.2, A.SSE.1a, A.CED.1, A.REI.1, A.REI.3; Standards for Math Practice: 1-8

In this lesson we learn to solve an arbitrary linear equation.

Please read the lessons below. All sections that start with the number 01.06 are part of this lesson. If you would like to print out the material, the same information is contained in the PDF attached above (Unit01Lesson6.pdf).

### 01.06 Solving Multi-step Inequalities - Extra Video (Math Level 1)

 NROC Developmental Math Multi-Step Inequalitieshttp://www.montereyinstitute.org/courses/DevelopmentalMath/U...

I highly recommend that you click on the link above before continuing.

You can watch the video that is under the PRESENTATION tab or work through the entire lesson.

Guided Practice
After watching the video try these problems. The worked solutions follow.

Solve the following and graph each solution:

Example 1: 5 + 4b < 21

Example 2: 3x + 4(6 - x) < 2

Example 3: 8z - 6 < 3z + 12

Example 4: 5(-3 + d) ≤ 3(3d - 2)

Solve the following and graph each solution:

Example 1: 5 + 4b < 21

Step 1: Subtract 5 from both sides:

4b < 16

Step 2: Divide both sides by 4:

b < 4

Example 2: 3x + 4(6 - x) < 2

Step 1: Clear the parentheses:

3x + 24 - 4x < 2

Step 2: Collect like terms:

-x + 24 < 2

Subtract 24 from both sides:

-x < -22

Step 3: Multiply each side by -1:

Example 3: 8z - 6 < 3z + 12

Step 1: Add 6 to both sides:

8z < 3z + 18

Step 2: Subtract 3z from both sides:

5z < 18

Step 3: Divide both sides by 5:

z < $\dpi{100} \fn_phv \fn_phv \frac{18}{5}$

Example 4: 5(-3 + d) ≤ 3(3d - 2)

Step 1: Clear the parentheses:

-15 + 5d ≤ 9d - 6

Step 2: Add 15 to both sides:

5d ≤ 9d + 9

Step 3: Subtract 9d from both sides:

-4d ≤ 9

Step 4: Divide both sides by -4:

d ≥ $\dpi{100} \fn_phv -\frac{9}{4}$

### 01.06 The Road to the American Revolution. (US History)

 World Book: The Movement for Independencehttp://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar576000&s...PBS: Liberty and the Road to Revolutionhttp://www.pbs.org/ktca/liberty/road.html

World Book briefly goes over the development of the constitution.

When using the World Book site please pay attention to the following instructions

1) Go to pioneer.uen.org in a new window or tab in your internet application.

2) Use the username and password provided for you by your teacher in response to the About Me assignment. KEEP THIS PAGE OPEN.

3) Right click the World Book link and as it to open in a new window or tab.

Once you have done this you should have access to the World Book Encyclopedia US History information.

The PBS site is a fun resourse that can help you to test your knowledge as well as introduce you to important people and events leading to the American Revolutionary War.

### 01.06 The Road to the American Revolutionary War (U.S. History)

 Investigate the events leading to the Revolutionary War.

In this section you will:

President George Washington, first President of the United States: Gilbert Stuart, 1797, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

• Identify the causes of tension between the colonists and the British Government that led to the American Revolutionary War.

Lesson

In history there often seems to be a series of unfortunate events that lead to a huge, explosive event.  The Revolutionary War is no different.  Let’s take a look at the unfortunate events;

1. Colonization: this is really a more indirect event.  As many of the states were colonized there wasn’t really a long term plan to how they were going to interact with the British government.  This lack of planning is the unfortunate event. The colonists had years to grow and as they expanded and became more independent (the British government basically let them do their thing as long as money was coming in.)  This independence lead to a desire for more rights. You’ve read it before, but these years of independence are known in history as salutary neglect.
2. Enlightenment: In the 1700s Europe was being enlightened.  Although the Enlightenment had its roots in France, the ideas spread like a worldwide wildfire.  The scientific discoveries of Copernicus, Galileo, and Newton made people begin to look at the world around them for change.  Then the ideas of men like John Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Thomas Hobbes, and even Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson; inspired the colonists as well as many others throughout the world to look around them and question their situation and government. You’ll read more about their ideas later, as we discuss the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.
3. French and Indian War: Also known as the Seven Years’ War (outside of the US).  This war became a huge expense for the British as they battled for land both in Europe and in the Americas.  The French didn’t settle in Canada as rapidly as the British did in the American Colonies, but they did treat the Natives more hospitably than the British colonists did.  The major area of dispute in the colonies was the Ohio River valley. When the French built Fort Duquesne, the Virginians, who had promised that land to others, sent a militia to kick the French out. The French defeated the colonists at the first battle led by then 22 year old George Washington.  The British sent Edward Braddock to assist the colonists and he and Washington tried again but were ambushed by French soldiers and Native American combatants; the British fled. (An interesting side-note; Washington, startled by the weakness of the British attempted to rally the troops and defeat the French.  In the process two horses were shot from beneath him along with four bullets blowing through his coat.  He obviously survived.)  The king George II sent William Pitt to lead the armies.  Pitt began to win some battles and because of that the British were able to gain some Native American allies, the Iroquois. After a series of victories, including the defeat at Quebec, the British were victorious and at the Treaty of Paris in 1763, gained most of Canada along with all the land east of the Mississippi.  This costly war made the British look at the role the colonies played and decided that there were enough people benefitting from the protection and wealth of Britain that they needed to pay their dues.
4. Proclamation of 1763: A document signed by the British representatives to the American Colonies, with Pontiac, the Native American leader. This document said that the colonists would not cross the Appalachian Mountains.  This angered the colonists because they wanted to expand and had planned to do so across the mountains.  It said to them that there was dis-connect between them and the British government.
5. George Grenville:  King George III’s prime minister who, in his attempt to repay the debts of the British, began to crack down on trade first to Massachusetts and then to all of the colonies. His ideas and actions, which included searching ships suspected to contain smuggled goods, angered the colonists.
6. Sugar Act:  1764, prompted by Grenville.  The act cut the duty (tax) on molasses made outside of the colonies, hoping they would pay the tax instead of smuggling. (They were smuggling because they weren’t allowed to buy goods from other countries unless they’d gone through Britain.) The act added duties on items that had not previously been taxed. Lastly this the court that would try those who had gone against the act, would be a British court instead of a colonial court.  It is after this act was passed that the term “No taxation without representation,” is first heard.
7. Stamp Act: 1765, the tax was placed on many printed documents.  The verification the tax was paid came in the form of a stamp on the document, hence “Stamp Act”.  The Sons of Liberty was formed in reaction and protest to this law. Many merchants boycotted until the act was repealed, they were successful in 1766.
8. Townshend Acts: 1767, taxed goods imported from Britain, including lead, glass, paper, paint and tea.  Again they boycotted the act hoping to get the act repealed.  The British were just looking to make money, while the colonists were looking to have a say in what was going on.
9. Boston Massacre: Tensions between the colonists and the British soldiers grew and came to a head outside the Boston Customs House.  Colonists upset by the Townshend Acts began to taunt the soldiers and the soldiers opened fire and killed five colonists.
10. Boston Tea Party: The event which is known as both famous and infamous.  It was a reaction to the Tea Act and the Tea Act was a result of the repeal of the Townshend Acts and an attempt to save the British East India Company.  The act made it so that only the East India Company could sell tea to the colonists, but it was at a cheaper price. On December 16, 1773 the “Indians” of the tea party dumped 18,000 pounds of tea into the harbor.
11. Intolerable Acts: The King was furious and asked parliament to do something.  These acts; shut down Boston harbor, required the quartering of soldiers, and a general was appointed the governor of Massachusetts.  General Thomas Gage put Boston under martial law.
12. First Continental Congress: In reaction to the Intolerable Acts, 56 delegates met in Philidelphia and drew up a declaration that said they had the rights to run their own affairs, and if the British used force against them they would fight back.

Our series of unfortunate events exploded with the first Battle of the Revolution; Lexington and Concord, which is the beginning of the Revolutionary war

### 01.06 Two-Variable Statistics - Links (PreCalc)

 Scatter Plot Tutorial, look through concept, interpretations, example, and do-it-yourself.http://mtsu32.mtsu.edu:11308/regression/level1/scatplot/inde... Simple Linear Regression, look through concept and example.http://mtsu32.mtsu.edu:11308/regression/level2/simplinreg/in...Practice Graphing Datahttp://math.hws.edu/javamath/ryan/Regression.htmlEstimating a Regression Line http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~lane/stat_sim/reg_by_eye/index.htmlFind an Equationhttp://www.purplemath.com/modules/strtlneq.htmMeasuring Errorhttp://www.nctm.org/standards/content.aspx?id=26787This site can be used to help you plot datahttp://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/frames_asid_144_g_3_t_5.html

The bottom 5 web-sites are online interactives that allow you to practice the concepts.

• In the "Practice Graphing Data" website, practice graphing data on a scatter plot by typing values into columns a and b. Notice the regression line is drawn for you. The slope and y-intercept is given to you so you could use the slope-intercept formula to make an equation for the regression line. Please note that the standard error is not a correlation coefficient.

• In the "Estimating a Regression Line" web-site, practice estimating a Regression Line by drawing a line through the data. Click the Draw regression line box to see how well you did. You can also try to guess the correlation coefficient r and click on the "Show r" button to see the answer.

• You can use the "Find an Equation" web-site if you don’t remember how to find an equation from two points. You can use this tutorial to review.

• Use the "Measuring Error" web-site to better understand how error is measured. This interactive allows you to move five points and a best fit line. Then you can see how the error is measured with three different methods. (If you can’t see the final answer, you could use a calculator to find out what it is.)

### 01.06 Unit 01 Test (Participation Skills and Techniques)

 computer-scored 10 points possible 30 minutes

Remember you may RETAKE the test as many times as you like, but you must score at least 60%. 60 out of 100.

This assignment should be completed by WEEK 3 of this class

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 3 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 01.06 Unit 1 Review (Participation Skills and Techniques)

 After you have read the preceding lessons and links, Take the Test. You must score at least 60%, but you may take the test as many times as necessary to get a good score.

### 01.06.01

 teacher-scored 16 points possible 30 minutes

Assessment Rubric:

 Content Main idea supported with appropriate detail and use of dialogue. /4 Support Supporting paragraphs include detail which is specific and directly supports the thesis. /4 Clarity Writing is clear, focused and well organized. /4 Conventions No significant errors in grammar, usage, punctuation or spelling. /4

### 01.06.01 Solving Multi-Step Inequalities - Worksheet (Math Level 1)

 teacher-scored 54 points possible 30 minutes

Activity for this lesson.

1. Please print the worksheet.

2. Complete each problem showing all your work and highlighting your answer.

3. Digitize (scan or take digital photo) and upload your assignment.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 4 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 01.06.01 Darwin's Finches (Biology)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 120 minutes

Summary:

The theory of evolution consists of the following four major points:

1. Variation exists within the genes of every species (the result of random mutation).

2. In a particular environment, some individuals of a species are better suited for survival, so   leave more offspring (natural selection).

3. Over time, change within species leads to the replacement of old species by new species as less successful species become extinct.

4. There is clear evidence from fossils and many other sources that the species now on Earth have evolved (descended) from ancestral forms that are extinct (evolution).

Instructional Procedures:

Copy all information below between the lines of asterisks, including the lesson number, revision date and all questions into a word document.

Using URLs 1 – 4, answer these general questions about Diversity and Evolution (Please use your own wording--no cut and paste).

***************************************************************
ASSIGNMENT 01.06.01 - REVISION DATE: 7/29/14 (Copy everything between the asterisks.)

1. Why is diversity (differences) among the finches important for their survival?

2. How did the different islands play a role in the diversity of the finches?

3. Why do you think scientists believe that the finches came from one species?

4. When would the importance of different beaks be important for the finches' survival?

5. What is your opinion about the variation in the sizes of the birds? How could one species be so much smaller or larger than another if they all came from one original species?

6. After reading the information below, write a paragraph explaining how diversity helps us to understand evolution.

The theory of evolution consists of the following four major points:

1. Variation exists within the genes of every species (the result of random mutation).

2. In a particular environment, some individuals of a species are better suited for survival, so   leave more offspring (natural selection).

3. Over time, change within species leads to the replacement of old species by new species as less successful species become extinct.

4. There is clear evidence from fossils and many other sources that the species now on Earth have evolved (descended) from ancestral forms that are extinct (evolution).

***************************************************************

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 6 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 01.06.01 Five Themes/Maps/Continents Quiz

 computer-scored 20 points possible 30 minutes

Please pay attention to the questions because they will help you on the final test. This quiz is open notes, etc. if you need the help.

### 01.06.01 Lesson 1F: Using ¿Cómo? and ¿Qué? (Spanish I)

 computer-scored 15 points possible 20 minutes

**Assignment 01.06.01: Using ¿Cómo? and ¿Qué?**: You know the drill, find the button: and click on it!

 Businesses And Organizations Will Often Analyze Data To Find Cause-And-Effect Relationships Example 1 A business collecting sales data may analyze buying trends. This information can be used to adjust their supply orders or advertised sales. Candy Sales Increase During The Month of October Example 2 An organization studying wild animal populations will collect data to look for cause-and-effect relationships. A scatter plot can be used to see if a pattern exists for a given a set of data Data Does Not Always Show A Pattern If you were to gather data from people leaving the grocery store. Their height (in inches) would not correlate with how much money they spent. When Points are randomly scattered about... There is no correlation between the items being graphed. Sometimes Data Will Have A Perfect Correlation All points that solve a linear equation have a perfect correlation. If a company has a daily cost equation of C = 20X + 55, the cost of producing X amount of items is exactly C. Correlation Patterns When a correlation pattern exists, the correlation can be described as: A strong correlation - if the values are fairly tight in following the pattern A weak correlation - if the values are more widely scattered. A correlation can also be described as: Positive- if the values increase from left to right. Negative- if the values decrease from left to right. Correlation Measurements The stronger the correlation, the better it will predict results. I. Linear Regression Is A Method For Finding The Best-Fit Line For A Given Set Of Data Creating a best-fit line While formulas exist for creating a best-fit line, you can simply estimate where to draw a line with a slope that would best fit the middle of all the points. Correlation Coefficients While a correlation explains how tightly a set of points follows a pattern, a correlation coefficient measures how closely the points follow the regression line. This coefficient is usually denoted by the letter r Correlation Patterns If the coefficient r = 0 there is no correlation. If r = 1 that shows a perfect positive correlation. If r = -1 that shows a perfect negative correlation. The closer the coefficient is to 1 or -1 the stronger the correlation. II. The Process Of Using Linear Regression To Analyze Data The Process Of Using Linear Regression To Analyze Data Collect the data a. Identify the data to be analyzed b. Determine how to collect the data c. Create a table to record the data in Make A Scatter Plot From The Data> a. Identify the dependent and independent variables b. Determine how to mark the X and Y axis c. Graph your pairs of points Look for a correlation pattern a. Determine if the points follow a general pattern b. Determine if the values generally increase or decrease as you look from right to left c. Determine if the values fit tightly around a line or are they widely scattered Fit the data with a regression line a. Estimate where a best-fit line could be drawn to go through the middle of all the points b. See if this line be drawn through two points in which the X and Y values can easily be determined Find the equation for the line a. Use two points from the best-fit line to find the slope of the line b. Substitute the slope and one point from the line into the point-slope formula c. Simplify the equation by solving for y Calculate the correlation coefficient Use a graphing calculator or go to a web site to graph your data and get a best fit line. http://illuminations.nctm.org/ActivityDetail.aspx?ID=146 Use the equation to predict outcomes a. Select a value for which you would like to make a prediction b. Substitute the value into the equation c. Solve for the unknown III. The Following Is A Demonstration Of How To Use These Steps **GAS PRICE** Use the average price of gas from years past to estimate the price of gas in the future. The Process Of Using Linear Regression To Analyze Data Collect the data a. Identify the data to be analyzed The average gas price from the years 1973 to 2003 b. Determine how to collect the data Online data from the internet c. Create a table to record the data in See the next page The Average Price Of A Gallon of Gas From 1973 to 2003 Make A Scatter Plot From The Data a. Identify the dependent and independent variables The independent X variable is the year. The dependent Y variable is the average gas price b. Identify the largest and smallest values The X values go from 1973 to 2003. the Y values go from .39 to 1.59 c. Determine how to mark the X and Y axis The X axis will go from 1970 to 2005 and increment by 7. The Y axis will go from 0 to 2.0 and increment by .5 d. Graph your pairs of points See the next page Graphing The Year Verses The Price Look for a correlation pattern Do The Points Follow A General Pattern? Do The Points Increase Or Decrease From Left To Right? Are The Points Fairly Tight In Their Grouping Or Are They Scattered? Fit the data with a regression line a. Estimate where a best-fit line could be drawn to go through the middle of all the points b. See if this line be drawn through two points in which the X and Y values can easily be determined Regression Line Make equation for the line Creating An Linear Equation From The Two Points (1991, 1.14) and (1971, 0.36) Find the slope using two points Use the slope and one of the points in the point-slope equation. Simplify the equation Calculate the correlation coefficient This data was graphed and calculated at: http://illuminations.nctm.org/ActivityDetail.aspx?ID=146 Use the equation to predict outcomes What should the average gas price be for 2008? Y = 80.32 - 78.5 Y = 80.32 - 78.5 Y = 1.82 IV. Check The Logic Of The Answer You should always think about the answers you get from the calculation to see if they make sense. The answer is: Y = 1.82 The average gas price for 2008 is not $1.82. What went wrong? The Sample Was Not A Good Representation Of Reality In this case, we didn't use enough data. As gas prices have risen dramatically lately, our sample was not large enough. We should include gas prices through 2007. If we estimate the average gas price of 2005 to be 3. and the average gas price of 2007 to be 3.5, the data actually curves. We will have to fit the data with a different regression. To Use An Equation To Predict new Outcomes, The Regression Sample Needs To Be An Accurate Representation Of The Actual Data Set! ### 01.06.01 Planning a Birthday Party, Revisited (Math I)  Do you remember Ashley? I hope so. She wanted to spend her birthday at the water park and needed to determine how much it would cost. We noted that it is unlikely that Ashley's mother will pay for an unlimited number of friends. It is more likely that she will be willing to pay a certain amount, and Ashley will then need to determine how many people she can invite with that limit. In lesson 3 we used a data table and a graph to solve her problem. These worked well enough, but you may not wish to graph every possible data point to find the specific solution you need. It would be great if we could just solve the problem by manipulating the terms in the same way as we did with the equations in lessons 4 and 5. Guess what? We can! When solving a problem that involves both addition/subtraction and multiplication/division, we follow the same rules as we do for solving a problem that only involves one or the other. We just need to follow both sets of rules. We also must apply the order of operations, and other properties of arithmetic that we do when evaluating or simplifying an expression. Consider Ashley's problem. We had previously determined that it could be described by the inequality c ≥ ($17 per person)(p – 5 people) + $100, (eq. 1) where c is the total cost Ashley's mother is willing to pay, and p is the total number of people. We had left it in this form, rather than simplifying. When written in this form, the parts of the equation more clearly represented the original problem. However, to solve this, the first thing we want to do is simplify the inequality. Start by distributing the factor ($17 per person) through the factor (p - 5 people), c ≥ ($17 per person) p – ($17 per person)(5 people) + $100 (eq. 2) c ≥ ($17 per person) p – $85 +$100. (eq. 2a) Next add like terms, in particular add the second and third term, c ≥ ($17 per person) p +$15. (eq. 3) That is simplified enough. Now we can begin solving for p. In this equation, p is multiplied by the factor ($17 per person). Also, the term that includes p is added to the term ($15). To remove the factor ($17 per person), we need to multiply by the multiplicative inverse. The multiplicative inverse is the reciprocal of ($17 per person). To remove the term ($15) we need to add the additive inverse. The additive inverse is -$15. The other thing we need to remember is that we need to do to the right-hand side of the equation whatever we do to the left-hand side. Now, which do you want to do first? It seems less complicated to start by adding the additive inverse. In other words, add -$15 to both sides, c + (-$15) ≥ ($17 per person) p +$15 + (-$15) (eq. 4) c –$15 ≥ ($17 per person) p +$15 – $15 (eq. 4a) c –$15 ≥ ($17 per person) p. (eq. 4b) Next, multiply by the multiplicative inverse. This means we want to multiply by (eq. 5) (eq. 5a) And finally, reverse the order of the equation, (eq. 5b) We could separate this into 2 terms, but since 17 is not a “nice” denominator, that doesn't really improve the “look” of the equation, so let's just keep equation 5b. Notice the direction of the inequality reversed when we reordered the equation. When solving an inequality, it is important to understand the meaning of the inequality. The expression including the number of people is less than or equal to the expression involving the cost. If we had multiplied by a negative number, we would also have needed to reverse the inequality. Okay, back to the inequality. First, check the units. c has units of dollars. 15 also has units of dollars. These terms are added, so they should have the same units – check. The term has units of dollars divided by dollars per person. Remember that when we divide this is the same as multiplying by the reciprocal? This is true for units as well as for numbers and symbols. Therefore, the units are dollars over dollars times people. This simplifies to people. The units for p are people. These expressions must also have the same units – check. Now that we have solved for p, we can enter whatever limit Ashley's mom set. If she set a limit of$200 we would find (eq. 5b) (eq. 6) (eq. 6a) p ≤ $10.8823.... (eq. 6b) Of course, we cannot have 0.88 of a person, so we will round down. Therefore, Ashley can have up to 10 people at her birthday party. Do you remember Ashley? I hope so. She wanted to spend her birthday at the water park and needed to determine how much it would cost. We noted that it is unlikely that Ashley's mother will pay for an unlimited number of friends. It is more likely that she will be willing to pay a certain amount, and Ashley will then need to determine how many people she can invite with that limit. In lesson 3 we used a data table and a graph to solve her problem. These worked well enough, but you may not wish to graph every possible data point to find the specific solution you need. It would be great if we could just solve the problem by manipulating the terms in the same way as we did with the equations in lessons 4 and 5. Guess what? We can! When solving a problem that involves both addition/subtraction and multiplication/division, we follow the same rules as we do for solving a problem that only involves one or the other. We just need to follow both sets of rules. We also must apply the order of operations, and other properties of arithmetic that we do when evaluating or simplifying an expression. Consider Ashley's problem. We had previously determined that it could be described by the inequality c ≥ ($17 per person)(p – 5 people) + $100, (eq. 1) where c is the total cost Ashley's mother is willing to pay, and p is the total number of people. We had left it in this form, rather than simplifying. When written in this form, the parts of the equation more clearly represented the original problem. However, to solve this, the first thing we want to do is simplify the inequality. Start by distributing the factor ($17 per person) through the factor (p - 5 people), c ≥ ($17 per person) p – ($17 per person)(5 people) + $100 (eq. 2) c ≥ ($17 per person) p – $85 +$100. (eq. 2a) Next add like terms, in particular add the second and third term, c ≥ ($17 per person) p +$15. (eq. 3) That is simplified enough. Now we can begin solving for p. In this equation, p is multiplied by the factor ($17 per person). Also, the term that includes p is added to the term ($15). To remove the factor ($17 per person), we need to multiply by the multiplicative inverse. The multiplicative inverse is the reciprocal of ($17 per person). To remove the term ($15) we need to add the additive inverse. The additive inverse is -$15. The other thing we need to remember is that we need to do to the right-hand side of the equation whatever we do to the left-hand side. Now, which do you want to do first? It seems less complicated to start by adding the additive inverse. In other words, add -$15 to both sides, c + (-$15) ≥ ($17 per person) p +$15 + (-$15) (eq. 4) c –$15 ≥ ($17 per person) p +$15 – $15 (eq. 4a) c –$15 ≥ ($17 per person) p. (eq. 4b) Next, multiply by the multiplicative inverse. This means we want to multiply by (eq. 5) (eq. 5a) And finally, reverse the order of the equation, (eq. 5b) We could separate this into 2 terms, but since 17 is not a “nice” denominator, that doesn't really improve the “look” of the equation, so let's just keep equation 5b. Notice the direction of the inequality reversed when we reordered the equation. When solving an inequality, it is important to understand the meaning of the inequality. The expression including the number of people is less than or equal to the expression involving the cost. If we had multiplied by a negative number, we would also have needed to reverse the inequality. Okay, back to the inequality. First, check the units. c has units of dollars. 15 also has units of dollars. These terms are added, so they should have the same units – check. The term has units of dollars divided by dollars per person. Remember that when we divide this is the same as multiplying by the reciprocal? This is true for units as well as for numbers and symbols. Therefore, the units are dollars over dollars times people. This simplifies to people. The units for p are people. These expressions must also have the same units – check. Now that we have solved for p, we can enter whatever limit Ashley's mom set. If she set a limit of$200 we would find (eq. 5b) (eq. 6) (eq. 6a) p ≤ $10.8823.... (eq. 6b) Of course, we cannot have 0.88 of a person, so we will round down. Therefore, Ashley can have up to 10 people at her birthday party. ### 01.06.01 Quarter One Final (Algebra II - New)  teacher-scored 10 points possible 60 minutes ### 01.06.02 - Virtual Peppered Moth - LAB (Biology)  URL 1 – Peppered Moths and Melanismhttp://darwin200.christs.cam.ac.uk/node/13URL 2 – Peppered Moths, Black and White (This URL is a .swf and will not work on an ipad.)http://peppermoths.weebly.com/ ### 01.06.02 - Virtual Peppered Moth - Pre Lab (Biology)  teacher-scored 10 points possible 30 minutes Summary: Charles Darwin gathered a large collection of facts to support the theory of evolution by natural selection. One problem that he ran into was the inability to persuade people of his theory. All of the specimens he studied had a long life cycle and evolved over hundreds of years. He needed a specimen that had a short life cycle. A great example of natural selection can be seen in the peppered moth, Biston betularia. This moth has a short life cycle, making it easier to study natural selection. Unfortunately, Darwin didn’t realize natural selection was happening among smaller specimens, like the peppered moth, which were found in his home country of England. ​Instructional Procedures: Copy all information below between the lines of asterisks, including the lesson number, revision date and all questions into a word document. Open URL 1 – Peppered Moths and Melanism Read the information found at URL 1. Use this information to answer PART 1 of the lab. Open and explore URL 2 – Peppered Moths, Black and White. Use the information from URL 2 to complete PART II of the pre lab. *************************************************************** ASSIGNMENT 01.06.02 - REVISION DATE: 8/06/14 (Copy everything between the asterisks.) The Industrial Revolution brought on great changes. There were no environmental regulations, and the factories produced tons of ash and soot. It didn't take long until there was a blanket of soot darkening homes, trees, rocks, and anything else it could land on. It was under these conditions that the first dark colored moth was discovered. Today, in some areas, 90% or more of the-peppered moths are dark in color. Instructions Part I: Open and read URL 1 - Peppered Moths and Melanism. Use the information found in the site to answer the questions. 1. What are the characteristics of the Peppered Moth? Why are the characteristics important when studying natural selection? Instructions Part II: Open and explore URL 2 – Peppered Moths White and Black. Using the sections of the URL titled “Life Cycle”, “Impact of Polluitn” and “Kettlewells Experiments”. Answer the following questions. 1. What are the natural preditors of the peppered moth? 2. What is a lichen? Why is the lichen important to the survival of the peppered moth? You may have to do additional independent research to answer this question. 3. How is the larvae of the peppered moth protected? 4. How long does a peppered moth live? 5. Who is RS Edleston? Why was his discovery significant? 6. What is Natural Selection? 7. Who is J.W. Tutt? What was his theory? 8. In 150 words or more explain who Barnard Kettlewell is and his work as it deals with natural selection. You may have to do additional independent research on Kettlewell. *************************************************************** Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 6 of your enrollment date for this class. ### 01.06.02 A Different Process (Math I)  In the previous example, we solved the addition part first, followed by the multiplication part. That is fine. However, it would also have been okay to solve the multiplication part first followed by the addition part. Consider the following. The original simplified inequality was c ≥ ($17 per person) p + $15. (eq. 3) We wish to solve this inequality for p. Instead of adding -$15 as the first step, we could multiply by (eq. 7) Distribute the coefficient through the right-hand side (eq. 7a) Then simplify (eq. 7b) Now we can isolate p by adding to both sides (eq. 8) Combine the terms on the left over the common denominator, (eq. 5a) Reverse the order of the equation, and we again have equation 5b, Two different techniques, same answer. Hmm, didn't we say something about this before.... So, there you go. Personally, I think this was a more complicated method, and therefore more likely to result in algebra and arithmetic errors--but it is not wrong. In the previous example, we solved the addition part first, followed by the multiplication part. That is fine. However, it would also have been okay to solve the multiplication part first followed by the addition part. Consider the following. The original simplified inequality was c ≥ ($17 per person) p +$15. (eq. 3) We wish to solve this inequality for p. Instead of adding -$15 as the first step, we could multiply by (eq. 7) Distribute the coefficient through the right-hand side (eq. 7a) Then simplify (eq. 7b) Now we can isolate p by adding to both sides (eq. 8) Combine the terms on the left over the common denominator, (eq. 5a) Reverse the order of the equation, and we again have equation 5b, Two different techniques, same answer. Hmm, didn't we say something about this before.... So, there you go. Personally, I think this was a more complicated method, and therefore more likely to result in algebra and arithmetic errors--but it is not wrong. ### 01.06.02 Quiz Check Point (Math Level 1)  computer-scored 20 points possible 20 minutes Quiz Check Point You are given 3 attempts at this check point quiz. You must earn at least 16 points in order to pass the quiz. You may use all of your attempts to earn the score you are happy with. Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 4 of your enrollment date for this class. ### 01.06.02 Thoughts & feelings on death assignment (Health II)  teacher-scored 30 points possible 40 minutes You will write your imagined obituary following the guidelines below, and then complete the questions in part II. First write the obituary in a word processing document on your computer. Copy and paste the section between the lines of asterisks below the obituary, in the same document. Complete your work, and save a copy for yourself. Then submit your work using the assignment submission window for this assignment. Overview of assignment Purpose: to create an 'obituary' for your future self, and consider how you feel about death Audience: your future friends and family TOPIC : Write your own obituary. Focus on the things that you want to accomplish in life, as opposed to looking at the negatives of writing out your own death. You may choose all the details that people actually have no control over. For example, you could die at age 305, in space while defending the universe, if you choose. However, you must include the following information in your obituary. 1. Age and way you die 2. Accomplishments 3. Survived by (who would still be living after you die?) 4. Preceded in death by (who in your family or close associates would have died before you?) 5. Funeral Arrangements (WRITE THESE ITEMS OUT IN PARAGRAPH FORM, AS THEY WOULD APPEAR IN A LOCAL PAPER. DON'T JUST FILL OUT THE FACTS ABOVE). Length: at least 200 words. ************************************************************* PART II:(10 points possible, 1 point per answer) Complete the following statements. 1. Death is 2. I want to die at 3. I don’t want to live past 4. I would like to have at my bedside when I die 5. When I die, I will be proud that when I was living I 6. My greatest fear about death is 7. When I die, I will be glad that when I was living I didn’t 8. If I were to die today, my biggest regret would be 9. When I die, I will be glad to get away from 10. When I die, I want people to say *************************************************************** Overview of grading :  Part 1: Write Your Own Obituary including the five requirements listed above (2 points for each of numbers 1-5, and 10 points for spell-checking, editing and composing your obituary in paragraph form). 20 points Part II: : Complete the statements (1 point per completed statement) 10 points Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 3 of your enrollment date for this class. ### 01.06.03 - Virtual Peppered Moth - LAB (Biology)  teacher-scored 20 points possible 120 minutes Instructional Procedures: Copy all information below between the lines of asterisks, including the lesson number, revision date and all questions into a word document. Open and explore URL 2 – Peppered Moths, Black and White. Use the information from URL 2 to complete the lab. *************************************************************** ASSIGNMENT 01.06.03 - REVISION DATE: 8/06/14 (Copy everything between the asterisks.) Instructions: Open and explore URL 2 – Peppered Moths White and Black. Using the section of the URL titled “Birds Eye View” run the simulation for a dark and light forest, fill in the table and draw a conclusion.  PERCENT OF DARK MOTHS PERCENT OF LIGHT MOTHS DARK FOREST LIGHT FOREST 1. Draw a conclusion. Your conclusion needs to contain at least 150 words. *************************************************************** Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 6 of your enrollment date for this class. ### 01.06.03 Yet Another Process (Math I)  Now, what if you didn't want to take the time to simplify equation 1 before solving for p? That is fine, too. It will require you to take more steps in solving, but the overall process is the same. Recall equation 1, c ≥ ($17 per person)(p – 5 people) + $100. (eq. 1) When working with an unsimplified problem, you are still allowed to perform the steps in many different orders. You must remember to multiply/divide the entire expression on each side, and add or subtract terms from the entire expression. However, sometimes this results in an equation that is not very clean initially. People (students, teachers, mathematicians) are more likely to make algebra errors if the equation is complicated. Therefore, for a non-simplified expression, there really is a best order to solve it. The best order to solve a non-simplified equation is to work from the outside in. This means that we do things in the reverse order from the order of operations we would use to evaluate the expression. So, for the sake of discussion, if you knew p, how would you evaluate the expression on the right-hand side of equation 1? The first thing you would do is subtract 5 people from p. Second, you would multiply that value by$17 per person. Finally, you would add $100. Okay? So to solve for p, we work backwards. This means we start by removing the term$100. To do this, we need to add -$100 to both sides. This is the same as subtracting$100 from both sides. c – $100 ≥ ($17 per person)(p – 5 people) + $100 –$100. (eq. 9) c – $100 ≥ ($17 per person)(p – 5 people) (eq. 9a) The second step is to remove the factor $17 per person. To do this, we need to multiply both sides by This is the same as dividing both sides by$17 per person. (eq. 10) (eq. 10a) The final step is to remove the term -5 people. To do this we need to add 5 people to both sides. (eq. 11) (eq. 11a) And as before, we can reverse the order of the inequality, (eq. 11b) At this point, you may notice that equation 11b does not look exactly like equation 5b. Yet I claim it is the same. What's the deal? We need to combine the terms on the right-hand side. In order to do this, we need to find a common denominator. The denominator of the first term is $17 per person. The denominator of the second term is 1. The least common multiple for these numbers is$17 per person. That is already the denominator of the first term, so we do not need to change the second term. If we multiply 1 by $17 per person, we will get$17 per person. Therefore, we need to multiply the denominator of 5 people by $17 per person. We cannot do that and still have the same number. What we can do is multiply 5 people by any version of 1 we choose. How about That is a valid version of 1. (eq. 12) Now simplify this, (eq. 12a) (eq. 12b) Finally, we can add the terms together, (eq. 13) (eq. 5b) Now is it clear that these are the same equation? Awesome :) Here is a problem for you to think about. Which technique did you prefer? Simplifying the expression initially, then solving for the desired quantity? Or solving for the desired quantity without simplifying the expression? Be prepared to justify your answer. Now, what if you didn't want to take the time to simplify equation 1 before solving for p? That is fine, too. It will require you to take more steps in solving, but the overall process is the same. Recall equation 1, c ≥ ($17 per person)(p – 5 people) + $100. (eq. 1) When working with an unsimplified problem, you are still allowed to perform the steps in many different orders. You must remember to multiply/divide the entire expression on each side, and add or subtract terms from the entire expression. However, sometimes this results in an equation that is not very clean initially. People (students, teachers, mathematicians) are more likely to make algebra errors if the equation is complicated. Therefore, for a non-simplified expression, there really is a best order to solve it. The best order to solve a non-simplified equation is to work from the outside in. This means that we do things in the reverse order from the order of operations we would use to evaluate the expression. So, for the sake of discussion, if you knew p, how would you evaluate the expression on the right-hand side of equation 1? The first thing you would do is subtract 5 people from p. Second, you would multiply that value by$17 per person. Finally, you would add $100. Okay? So to solve for p, we work backwards. This means we start by removing the term$100. To do this, we need to add -$100 to both sides. This is the same as subtracting$100 from both sides. c – $100 ≥ ($17 per person)(p – 5 people) + $100 –$100. (eq. 9) c – $100 ≥ ($17 per person)(p – 5 people) (eq. 9a) The second step is to remove the factor $17 per person. To do this, we need to multiply both sides by This is the same as dividing both sides by$17 per person. (eq. 10) (eq. 10a) The final step is to remove the term -5 people. To do this we need to add 5 people to both sides. (eq. 11) (eq. 11a) And as before, we can reverse the order of the inequality, (eq. 11b) At this point, you may notice that equation 11b does not look exactly like equation 5b. Yet I claim it is the same. What's the deal? We need to combine the terms on the right-hand side. In order to do this, we need to find a common denominator. The denominator of the first term is $17 per person. The denominator of the second term is 1. The least common multiple for these numbers is$17 per person. That is already the denominator of the first term, so we do not need to change the second term. If we multiply 1 by $17 per person, we will get$17 per person. Therefore, we need to multiply the denominator of 5 people by $17 per person. We cannot do that and still have the same number. What we can do is multiply 5 people by any version of 1 we choose. How about That is a valid version of 1. (eq. 12) Now simplify this, (eq. 12a) (eq. 12b) Finally, we can add the terms together, (eq. 13) (eq. 5b) Now is it clear that these are the same equation? Awesome :) Here is a problem for you to think about. Which technique did you prefer? Simplifying the expression initially, then solving for the desired quantity? Or solving for the desired quantity without simplifying the expression? Be prepared to justify your answer. ### 01.06.04 Babysitting Income, Revisited (Math I)  You should also recall Jeremy. He has a job babysitting for his neighbors 15 hours a month. If he is unavailable, his sister will fill in for him, but he has to pay her. Jeremy also has a couple of bills he needs to pay each month. Jeremy's problem was rather serious. If he asked his sister to babysit for him too often, he would be losing money each month. He needs to make sure that he doesn't have his sister fill in for him more often than he can afford. Jeremy had found the following equation to describe his monthly income: i =$65 – ($7 per hour)(h), (eq. 14) where i was his net income, and h was the number of hours his sister worked for him. Jeremy needs to make sure that he doesn't end up with a negative income. Therefore, he needs to solve this equation for the number of hours his sister works. The term that includes h is negative. Therefore, we may wish to start this problem by adding ($7 per hour)(h) to both sides of the equation. i + ($7 per hour)(h) =$65 – ($7 per hour)(h) + ($7 per hour)(h), (eq. 15) i + ($7 per hour)(h) =$65. (eq. 15a) Using the method of working from the outside in, the next step would be to add -i to both sides of the equation, aka subtract i, i – i + ($7 per hour)(h) =$65 – i, (eq. 16) ($7 per hour)(h) =$65 – i. (eq. 16a) Next we need to remove the coefficient ($7 per hour). We do this by multiplying by or dividing by$7 per hour, (eq. 17) (eq. 17a) Again, we should check the units. i has unit of dollars. $65 also has units of dollars. These terms are added. Therefore these units should be the same. They are. h has units of hours. has units of dollars per dollars per hour. This simplifies to (dollars)(hours/dollar), which equals hours. This should have the same units as h, which it does, so we are good as far as units go. Now that Jeremy has solved this problem for h in general, he can use this equation to determine the maximum number of hours his sister can work for him, for whichever income he wants. However, since the original concern was to not have a negative income, we may as well solve this for i = 0. (eq. 17a) (eq. 18) (eq. 18a) h = 9.2857.... hours (eq. 18b) h ≈ 9.3 hours (eq. 18c) Therefore, if Jeremy doesn't want to go into dept, he can't have his sister fill in for him for more than about 9.3 hours each month. By the way, this is more or less the answer we estimated from our graph in lesson 3. What if Jeremy needs$50 to buy concert tickets? What is the maximum hours that his sister can work for him? We already have this solved for h, so we just need to enter the numbers. This is the advantage of solving the problem with variables initially. We don't need to go back and resolve it every time we want to change the numbers. (eq. 17a) (eq. 19) (eq. 19a) h = 2.1428.... hours (eq. 19b) h ≈ 2 hours (eq. 19c) This means that if Jeremy wants to buy those tickets, he needs to make sure that he doesn't double book for more than 2 hours this month. All right, do you think you can do this on your own? You should also recall Jeremy. He has a job babysitting for his neighbors 15 hours a month. If he is unavailable, his sister will fill in for him, but he has to pay her. Jeremy also has a couple of bills he needs to pay each month. Jeremy's problem was rather serious. If he asked his sister to babysit for him too often, he would be losing money each month. He needs to make sure that he doesn't have his sister fill in for him more often than he can afford. Jeremy had found the following equation to describe his monthly income: i = $65 – ($7 per hour)(h), (eq. 14) where i was his net income, and h was the number of hours his sister worked for him. Jeremy needs to make sure that he doesn't end up with a negative income. Therefore, he needs to solve this equation for the number of hours his sister works. The term that includes h is negative. Therefore, we may wish to start this problem by adding ($7 per hour)(h) to both sides of the equation. i + ($7 per hour)(h) = $65 – ($7 per hour)(h) + ($7 per hour)(h), (eq. 15) i + ($7 per hour)(h) = $65. (eq. 15a) Using the method of working from the outside in, the next step would be to add -i to both sides of the equation, aka subtract i, i – i + ($7 per hour)(h) = $65 – i, (eq. 16) ($7 per hour)(h) = $65 – i. (eq. 16a) Next we need to remove the coefficient ($7 per hour). We do this by multiplying by or dividing by $7 per hour, (eq. 17) (eq. 17a) Again, we should check the units. i has unit of dollars.$65 also has units of dollars. These terms are added. Therefore these units should be the same. They are. h has units of hours. has units of dollars per dollars per hour. This simplifies to (dollars)(hours/dollar), which equals hours. This should have the same units as h, which it does, so we are good as far as units go. Now that Jeremy has solved this problem for h in general, he can use this equation to determine the maximum number of hours his sister can work for him, for whichever income he wants. However, since the original concern was to not have a negative income, we may as well solve this for i = 0. (eq. 17a) (eq. 18) (eq. 18a) h = 9.2857.... hours (eq. 18b) h ≈ 9.3 hours (eq. 18c) Therefore, if Jeremy doesn't want to go into dept, he can't have his sister fill in for him for more than about 9.3 hours each month. By the way, this is more or less the answer we estimated from our graph in lesson 3. What if Jeremy needs $50 to buy concert tickets? What is the maximum hours that his sister can work for him? We already have this solved for h, so we just need to enter the numbers. This is the advantage of solving the problem with variables initially. We don't need to go back and resolve it every time we want to change the numbers. (eq. 17a) (eq. 19) (eq. 19a) h = 2.1428.... hours (eq. 19b) h ≈ 2 hours (eq. 19c) This means that if Jeremy wants to buy those tickets, he needs to make sure that he doesn't double book for more than 2 hours this month. All right, do you think you can do this on your own? ### 01.06.04 Linear Equations -- Supplemental Links (Math I)  However, you should read the lesson "Solving Fractional...," and do the practice problems "Practice Solving Fractional...."http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/math/ALGEBRA/AV5/indexAV5...Read the lesson "Solving Equations," and do the practice problems "Practice with Solving...," and "Practice Translating...."http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/math/ALGEBRA/AE2/indexAE2...Read the lesson "Literal Equations," and do the practice problems "Practice with Literal...."http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/math/ALGEBRA/AE4/indexAE4... These websites are intended for supplemental instruction, and the opportunity to practice some of the skills. They are optional links. Use them if you need additional help, or just another point of view.  However, you should read the lesson "Solving Fractional...," and do the practice problems "Practice Solving Fractional...."http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/math/ALGEBRA/AV5/indexAV5...Read the lesson "Solving Equations," and do the practice problems "Practice with Solving...," and "Practice Translating...."http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/math/ALGEBRA/AE2/indexAE2...Read the lesson "Literal Equations," and do the practice problems "Practice with Literal...."http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/math/ALGEBRA/AE4/indexAE4... These websites are intended for supplemental instruction, and the opportunity to practice some of the skills. They are optional links. Use them if you need additional help, or just another point of view. ### 01.06.04 Natural Selection (Biology)  computer-scored 5 points possible 20 minutes You need to score at least 80% on this quiz before you can take the final. You can take it as many times as you would like, in order to earn the score you desire. Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 6 of your enrollment date for this class. ### 01.06.04.01 Linear Equations -- Assignment 3 (Math I)  teacher-scored 75 points possible 90 minutes Complete Unit 01 --Linear Equations -- Assignment 3 Solving Equations Print out the attached assignment and complete the applicable questions in the space provided. You may use additional paper if needed. Once you have completed the assignment, scan it into the computer and convert it to an image file such as .pdf or .jpg. You may need to practice scanning pencil drawing so that you produce a clear, easily readable image. Finally, upload the image using the assignment submission window for this assignment. Alternately, you may type the essay questions and answers into a word processing document, then save the file as an .rtf, and upload that. Questions 1 and 2 will be worth 35 points each. Question 3 will be worth 5 points for a total of 75 points for the assignment. You should complete this assignment after reading Lesson 6.  teacher-scored 75 points possible 90 minutes Complete Unit 01 --Linear Equations -- Assignment 3 Solving Equations Print out the attached assignment and complete the applicable questions in the space provided. You may use additional paper if needed. Once you have completed the assignment, scan it into the computer and convert it to an image file such as .pdf or .jpg. You may need to practice scanning pencil drawing so that you produce a clear, easily readable image. Finally, upload the image using the assignment submission window for this assignment. Alternately, you may type the essay questions and answers into a word processing document, then save the file as an .rtf, and upload that. Questions 1 and 2 will be worth 35 points each. Question 3 will be worth 5 points for a total of 75 points for the assignment. You should complete this assignment after reading Lesson 6. ### 01.06.04.02 Linear Equations -- Assignment 4 (Math I)  teacher-scored 80 points possible 240 minutes Complete Unit 01 --Linear Equations -- Assignment 4 Linear Equations Project The instructions for this assignment are in the attached file. This assignment should be completed using a word processing program with an equation editor. The formulas and images should be imbedded in the text. The final product must be converted to a .pdf file type. This could also be done as a slide show presentation, again with the final product converted to .pdf format. Finally, upload the .pdf file using the assignment submission window for this assignment. You should complete this assignment after studying Lesson 6.  teacher-scored 80 points possible 240 minutes Complete Unit 01 --Linear Equations -- Assignment 4 Linear Equations Project The instructions for this assignment are in the attached file. This assignment should be completed using a word processing program with an equation editor. The formulas and images should be imbedded in the text. The final product must be converted to a .pdf file type. This could also be done as a slide show presentation, again with the final product converted to .pdf format. Finally, upload the .pdf file using the assignment submission window for this assignment. You should complete this assignment after studying Lesson 6. ### 01.07 The Design Brief (Pre-Engineering)  teacher-scored 100 points possible 90 minutes The Design Brief A design brief is a written explanation given by the client to the designer at the outset of a project. As the client, you are spelling out your objectives and expectations and defining a scope of work when you issue one. You're also committing to a concrete expression that can be revisited as a project moves forward. It's an honest way to keep everyone honest. If the brief raises questions, all the better. Questions early are better than questions late. Why provide a design brief? The purpose of the brief is to get everyone started with a common understanding of what's to be accomplished. It gives direction and serves as a benchmark against which to test concepts and execution as you move through a project. Some designers provide clients with their own set of questions. Even so, the ultimate responsibility for defining goals and objectives and identifying audience and context lies with the client. Another benefit of the design brief is the clarity it provides you as the client about why you're embarking on a project. If you don't know why, you can't possibly hope to achieve anything worthwhile. Nor are you likely to get your company behind your project. A brief can be as valuable internally as it is externally. If you present it to the people within the company most directly affected by whatever is being produced, you not only elicit valuable input, but also pave the way for their buy-in. When you think about it, the last thing you want is for your project to be a test of the designer's skills. Your responsibility is to help the design firm do the best work it can. That's why you hired the firm. And why you give it a brief. Budgeting and managing the process If the briefing effort is thorough, budgeting and managing a project is easier. It takes two to budget and manage a design project: the client and the designer. The most successful collaborations are always the ones where all the information is on the table and expectations are in the open from the outset. Design costs money. As one very seasoned and gifted designer says, "There is always a budget," whether it is revealed to the design team or not. Clients often are hesitant to announce how much they have to spend for fear that if they do, the designer will design to that number when a different solution for less money might otherwise have been reached. This is a reasonable concern and yet, it's as risky to design in a budgetary vacuum as it is to design without a goal. If your utility vehicle budget stops at four cylinders, four gears and a radio, there's no point in looking at Range Rovers. If you have$100,000 to spend and you'd really like to dedicate $15,000 of it to something else, giving the design team that knowledge helps everyone. Then you won't get something that costs$110,000 that you want but cannot pay for. The trust factor is the 800-pound gorilla in the budgeting phase. Without trust, there isn't a basis for working together.

Assignment for the Design Brief
You are a engineer working for a design firm that develops Mouse Trap Cars. Creating the design brief does not mean building the project but to address the issues and design possibilities that will come later.
Use a google search for "Mouse Trap Cars"

The presentation is for the upper management in your company. Use a multimedia program (like powerpoint )to develop a 10 minute concise viewpoint of your research to present your idea. Include pictures and facts and why you are recommending it. Make sure you list the benefits and the budget to build the Mouse Trap Cars
submit the powerpoint.

A ten minute presentation would usually contain around 15 to 30 slides
Design Brief example http://www.technologystudent.com/designpro/problem1.htm

Take the Assessment for the Design Brief.

### 02.01.06 Climate Maps- Continents (World Geography)

 teacher-scored 70 points possible 60 minutes

The seven continents of the world have many different climates. In this assignment you will put, on a map of the world (or map of each continent), the climates that each continent has. It will be important for you to pay attention to the different climates that is located on each continent. Climate is the average weather of a certain area over a long period of time. Each continent has many different climates because of latitude, elevation, landforms, closeness to an ocean or large body of water. For example: the climate of the Wasatch front (Ogden to Provo) is cold winters, and hot summers. Most of the precipitation arrives in the winter and spring. The summers and falls are generally dry. If you take someplace that has a similar latitude as the Wasatch front you will find that the climate can change because of the water and elevation factors. For example, San Francisco is about the same latitude as Salt Lake City. Only 3 degrees difference in latitude but because San Francisco is by the ocean and at sea level, it has a completely different climate. It has moderate winters and cool summers. Refer to the charts below for comparison.

San Francisco

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Avg. High 55° 58° 60° 64° 66° 70° 71° 72° 74° 70° 62° 56°
Avg. Low 41° 45° 45° 47° 48° 52° 54° 55° 55° 51° 47° 42°
Mean 48° 52° 54° 56° 58° 62° 64° 64° 65° 61° 55° 48°

Salt Lake City

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Avg. High 36° 44° 52° 61° 71° 82° 92° 88° 78° 66° 50° 37°
Avg. Low 18° 24° 31° 37° 45° 55° 64° 61° 51° 40° 30° 21°
Mean 28° 34° 42° 50° 58° 68° 78° 76° 65° 54° 41° 30°

Here you can see that the climate in San Francisco is milder than the climate in Salt Lake City.

Copy the outline maps and then click on the link for the climates of the world. Color each continent according to the climates that are there. Make sure you put a KEY on your map(s).

Outline maps: http://www.eduplace.com/ss/maps/ Click on the map you are going to do. Either the world or on each continent.

Climate map of the world: http://www.allcountries.org/maps/world_climate_maps.html

NOTE: you may have trouble attaching all of the maps. One student who was successful at doing so told me the following "You asked how I could fit so many maps into my submission. First, I scanned them at a low resolution and then I zipped them using WinZip into one file and uploaded that one file." Hope that helps. If not, send the maps that won't fit to me through e-mail.
You may also find this information from a fellow student who did an awesome job on this assignment helpful:
"You asked how I made my climate maps for assignment 2.6. Once I opened up a map on the site you gave us, I hit the screen print button at the top of my keyboard. I then opened up the Microsoft Paint application and hit Edit then Paste. The screen print came up and I was then able to crop the image down so I was just viewing the map. (To crop, I outlined the area I wanted to keep in the image with the flashing dotted lines used for cropping, then hit Image then Crop). Then I just painted in the colors to match the colored climate map on the website. To insert the keys, I made separate images on Paint with just the colored blocks I used in each map. The nice thing about using powerpoint is that I am able to insert multiple images into each slide. So I just matched the keys with the corresponding map and then inserted text boxes for all of the text

### 02.04 Online skills Introduction to the Moodle platform - Study Skills

We’ll review some basic study skills that you may be using already in the traditional classroom. However, due to the unique environment of learning online, you will definitely want to make sure you use ALL these strategies.

Reading and Note taking Strategies

What should these conversations in your head be about? Several things really:

• Relate the new information you just read about to something that you already learned. For instance, have you ever seen the movie Stand and Deliver? At one point, a teacher who really wants a student to succeed in a chemistry class explains how a cell works is like being a member of the ‘hood’, something that the student can relate to.
• Put the information you’ve read into your own words, in several different ways so it will have more meaning to you
• Try to think of ways this new information is relevant or meaningful to your life or the world in general.
• Ask questions. Look at the information from different points of view. Be the ‘antagonist’…is it possible the information could be wrong? Etc.
• Who is saying it and why? It may surprise you to realize that there is a LOT of false information on the Internet because anybody can post anything they want. That is true even for Wikipedia…one of the most popular information websites in use. So you’ll want to check and see who the author is and if other websites agree with the information being presented.
• What perspective is the information from? Just imagine the different perspectives you could get about the Ku Klux Klan by reading the perspective of a KKK member versus an African American person who had a relative killed in a KKK raid? You know the story of little Red riding hood is from Red’s perspective right? Have you ever read the wolf’s perspective? Just for fun, you can read it on one of the links below.

Another thing that is a MUST is to take notes as you read. It’s like taking notes while a teacher is teaching in class, you can even read out loud if it helps you to learn and remember the material. Reading from the computer screen is generally hard on your eyes and results in blurring, eyestrain and visual fatigue. So limit how much time you read on screen or print out what you read if you need to. Be careful when scrolling down the screen to make sure that you don’t miss passages. When you take notes as you read, you will create your own study guide for the quizzes and proctored final…isn’t that a great idea?

To learn more about effective reading and note taking strategies, you will be visiting several websites. Take notes as you go, because there is a quiz for this section.
Dizzy Daizy Doesn't

 Little Red Riding hood from the wolf's perspective (just for fun)http://students.ou.edu/J/Curtis.N.Johnston-1/LittleRedRiding...Reading Strategieshttp://www.readinga-z.com/more/reading_strat.html

 Note taking strategies: To review 5 different kinds of note taking strategies: http://www.sas.calpoly.edu/asc/ssl/notetaking.systems.htmlMore information on note takinghttp://www.lifehack.org/articles/productivity/advice-for-stu...

### 03.06 Assess the growth and development of labor unions and their key leaders. Quiz 2 (US History)

 teacher-scored 15 points possible 40 minutes

Coal miner, 1946: Wikimedia Commons, NARA, public domain
After you have reviewed the course materials covering unions and socialism and reviewed the terms in the vocabulary folder, you are ready to take the quiz for this section.

You must complete the quiz once you have started. You must score 80 percent on the test, and you will have 40 minutes to complete it. If you score below 80 percent, you will need to wait 24 hours before you can take the test again.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 2 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.06 Checking Account Intro (Financial Literacy)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 30 minutes

****************************************

ASSIGNMENT 03.06 (13E) (Copy everything between the asterisks.)

1) Q: After studying the difference between a Debit card and Credit card, answer the following:
a) Why does a DEBIT card prevent you from going in debt? > ANSWER:
b) If you pay off ALL charges in full before payment is due on a CREDIT card each month, it is like a free loan. How much would you pay in interest (answer not on website)? > ANSWER:
2) Q: Why should you always know the balance of available funds on your DEBIT card? > ANSWER:
3) Q: After reading the web page, why should you NOT use a “debit card” to purchase items online due to potential fraud? > ANSWER:
4) Pick one of the checking accounts in URL #3 OR pick a different bank or credit union YOU choose to answer the following questions:
a) Q: Which did you pick? > ANSWER:
5) Q: (3.6): Write your first and last name and today's date.> ANSWER:

****************************************

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 7 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.06 Checking Account Intro links (Financial Literacy)

 Managing a checking accounthttp://www.youngbiz.com/DrivingYourFuture/money_html/managin...Kinds of checking accountshttps://www.wellsfargo.com/checking/Debit Cards vs. Credit Cardshttp://banking.about.com/od/checkingaccounts/a/debitvscredit...

### 03.06 Computer Basics Test--CBT (Computer Technology)

 computer-scored 35 points possible 20 minutes

Computer Basics Post-test (CBT)

After completing all the activities for this unit, go to the test (CBT) to take this post-test. This test will cover the terminology and concepts from the Computer Basics Unit. You can use your notes, assignments and handouts. There is a one hour time limit.

### 03.06 Critical Movie Review (English 11)

 teacher-scored 13 points possible 40 minutes

Critical Viewing Movie Review

Choose a movie (or live play or musical) that fits with the quarter theme (love and relationships) and write a one page response to that viewing.

Suggested movies for this quarter: Ever After, Tangled, Twilight, Love Story, Westside Story, The Great Gatsby, Jane Eyre, Pride and Prejudice, Romeo and Juliet, Much Ado About Nothing

*Note: You are not restricted to any of these titles. Any movie that fits within the theme of the quarter will work.

If you are not sure if a movie fits with the theme, just send me a message. Honestly, I don't watch many movies, so I am not really sure what is out there--use your best judgement.

You will then present your response in one of two ways: use Google Voice (801-317-8401, In the message include:  your name, quarter, assignment #, and the assignment.  Also, submit a comment through Learn with the date and time you left the message; the assignment will NOT be graded unless the date and time are submitted in Learn as well.) to record your response, OR make a short video of your response and submit through Canvas. It is best to have your response written out and practice it before making the phone call or final video.

Respond to the following questions in your review:

1895 illustration for Pride and Prejudice: C. E. Brock, public domain via Wikimedia Commons

1. How does this movie tie into the quarter theme of Love and Relationships?

2. What is the message or theme of the movie?

3. What obstacles did the protagonist have to overcome?

4. What rating (out of five stars) would you give this movie? Why?

If you use Google Voice, you can leave up to a three-minute message. Use the questions to guide your response and write out your review in detail before completing the assignment. In the assignment submission box, simply make a note of the day and time you recorded your message.

If you make a video, you can upload it there as well. The video does not have to be anything super elaborate; it can be just you talking to the camera and answering the questions about the movie.

Scoring Rubric

8 Points - Student responds to each question clearly and adequately.

5 Points - Student is well-spoken during the presentation; it is clear that he or she has practiced.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 4 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.06 Functions and Function Notation

If after completing this lesson you can state without hesitation that...

Objectives:

1. I can determine whether a relation is a function given a graph or table of values
2. I understand function notation
3. I can evaluate a function for different input values
4. I can define the terms "domain" and "range"
5. I can find the domain and range from a graph or table of values
6. I can find the domain given an equation of a function

…you are ready for the quiz. Otherwise, go back and review the material before moving on!

• Algebra Structure and Method, Book 1 (McDougal Littell) - Chapters 8, 12

 Lesson 30 (Course Material)http://www.montereyinstitute.org/courses/Algebra%20IB/course...

### 03.06 History of the English Language (English 9)

 SAS Word origins interactive lesson - username: farm9the, QL# 941http://www.sascurriculumpathways.com/loginBrief history of the English languagehttp://www.wordorigins.org/index.php/site/comments/a_very_br...Five events that shaped the history of Englishhttp://www.askoxford.com/worldofwords/history/Etymologic - online quiz game about word origins & meanings (just for fun)http://www.etymologic.com/index.cgi

English: Word Origins, 941
To open this resource in SAS® Curriculum Pathways®:
Enter the student user name: farm9the
In the Quick Launch (QL#) box, enter: 941
Do "Prepare" and "Identify" (follow the on-screen directions to see all the pages and play the video).

### 03.06 Introduction to Computers

Use the website in the link below to explore the various terms listed in the vocabulary list. Go through each of the seven lessons by viewing the video in each section and reading the information for each section. Complete the various activities that are included within the lessons.

 Introduction to Computers http://educate.intel.com/en/TheJourneyInside/ExploreTheCurri...

 teacher-scored 20 points possible 30 minutes

Assignment:(CB3)

Complete the Intel Assignment worksheet. Please type your answers in bold. This worksheet can be used as you take the Computer Basics test. After completing the worksheet, upload the file the (CB3) assignment

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 3 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.06 Introduction to Computers--Videos (CompTech07)

Introduction to Computers (CB3)

Use the website in section 03.06.1 to explore the various terms listed in the vocabulary list. Go through each of the 7 lessons by viewing the video in each section and reading the information for each section. Complete the various activities that are included within the lessons.

Assignment: Complete the Intel Assignment worksheet. Please type your answers in bold. This worksheet can be used as you take the Computer Basics test. After completing the worksheet, attach it to the (CB3) assignment link.

 Introduction to Computers http://educate.intel.com/en/TheJourneyInside/ExploreTheCurri...

### 03.06 Lesson 3F: Simple Yes/No Questions (Spanish I)

Lesson 3F
Simple Yes/No Questions

[A copy of this lesson is available in a PDF file!! If you prefer to use this type of document, just click on the following link to complete this lesson: SpI_Lesson3F]

In the first two units, you were introduced to some of the most common words used to ask questions in Spanish. Do you remember these words: “¿Cómo? – How? and ¿Qué? – What?”(Lesson 1F), “¿Quién? – Who?”(Lesson 1J), “¿Cuándo? – When? and ¿Cuántos(as) – How many?”(Lesson 2E), and “¿Dónde? – Where?”(Lesson 2I)? If not, please review these lessons before continuing this lesson.

(¡¡Ojo!! – I really like the way the Spanish language has the same rule for exclamation and question marks as they have for quotes and parenthesis … using a mark to begin the exclamation or question as well as at the end. It makes reading Spanish much easier, with fewer surprises!!)

Yes or No questions: Most information questions are formed using question words, but there are times when asking a question is as simple as raising the pitch in your voice at the end of a sentence. The rising and falling of the pitch of your voice as you speak is called intonation. When a sentence, in either English or Spanish, is spoken with a rising intonation at the end of the sentence, it changes the sentence from a statement to a question. This simple question can only be answered with a “yes” or “no” response. Let’s look at a few examples:

To make a question negative: Making a question negative follows the same form as making a statement negative, just put the word “no” before the verb!!

Put the verb first: Switching the subject and verb is also an easy way to make a statement a question. You still will need to raise the pitch of your voice as you end the sentence to make sure it is understood to be a question, but putting the verb before the subject clearly makes it a question.

A Great Web Site to Use: This is a great link to use in explaining a bit more about how these questions are formed in Spanish and their similarity to the English language.

Confirmation or “Tag” questions: This is very common way to ask confirmation questions in Spanish speaking countries … just add one word at the end of a statement!! Once again, you must raise the pitch of your voice as you say this confirming word:

 Another brief explanation of “tag” questions.http://spanish.about.com/od/sentencestructure/g/question_tag...

Summary of Lesson: Hopefully, you have reviewed and reinforced your knowledge of different ways of asking questions in Spanish!! In order to have a conversation with your native Spanish friend, you first need to be able to ask questions about the information that you would like to know. Gradually, (and I promise that this will happen!!) little by little, you will be able to understand when he/she responds!! Just remember to use “más despacio, por favor – more slowly, please”!!

Practice Exercises: Use the link below to review your knowledge of making simple yes/no questions!

 Click on the “Review” menu item on the left side of the page. Now click on “Primera parte” and then on “Grammar”. Do exercise “Rev 2-4a: Formation of yes/no questions and negations!http://wps.prenhall.com/ca_ph_aitken_arriba_1/28/7265/185993...Click on the “Review” menu item on the left side of the page. Now click on “Primera parte” and then on “Grammar”. Do exercise “Rev 2-4b: Formation of yes/no questions and negations!http://wps.prenhall.com/ca_ph_aitken_arriba_1/28/7265/185993...

### 03.06 Proctored Final (Participation Skills and Techniques)

 computer-scored 160 points possible 75 minutes

Yes! - you are ready to take the proctored final test.

This should be completed by WEEK 9 of this class

*PE QUARTER 1 FINAL INSTRUCTIONS:

• • You CANNOT have any "0's" on an assignment.
• • The 1st quarter test has 40 questions that cover the entire quarter. You must score at least 60 percent on the proctored final to pass 1st quarter.
• YOU HAVE TWO WEEKS TO TAKE THE PROCTORED FINAL BEFORE EHS WILL DROP YOU FROM MY COURSE
• • When you COMPLETE your final--EMAIL ME: YOUR NAME, QUARTER, and Let me know you completed the FINAL.              THEN I WILL SUBMIT YOUR GRADE - you can EMAIL me at: kami.elison@ehs.uen.org

• • Your final grade is assigned after the proctor test.
• • There is no provision to improve your grade so please do your best. THIS MEANS IF YOU WANT TO RETAKE ANY QUIZZES, REDO any of your Assignments for a better grade. YOU MUST DO SO BEFORE YOU TAKE THE PROCTORED EXAM.
• • Your credit will be emailed to the school listed in YOUR PROFILE within a few days, it could take a couple of weeks.
• • Check with your counselor to make sure it arrives.

THIS IS ESSENTIAL TO YOUR SUCCESS: Please allow 24 hours from your teacher's approval before completing the following steps.

Good luck on your final, you will need to perform the following steps in order to take the

FINAL:

• STEP ONE: Click on the link "EHS Certified Proctors List." This will bring up a list of proctors and you will be able to see those available in your area. (NOTE: Some schools have certified proctors whose names are not on the list. Your school counselor will know if your school has an unlisted certified proctor. Then proceed to step two.)
• STEP TWO: Contact your preferred proctor to arrange the date and time for the test. It's best to contact the proctor in person to arrange a date and time. Note: based on local district policy, some proctors charge for their proctoring services. For best results, please schedule yourself a few days leeway before you take the proctored final test to allow time for the password to be sent to your proctor. Then proceed to step three.
• STEP THREE: *You must wait 24 hours after your teacher has approved your Ready assignment to complete this step.* Once you have arranged a date and time with the proctor fill in the Proctor Manager Notification Form. Supply your EHS username on that form and your personal Proctor Manager Notification Form will appear.
• When you have successfully passed the proctored final, I will award your credit once you have sent me an email of completion and our registrar will send the record of the credit to the school listed in your EHS account.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 9 of your enrollment date for this class.

 EHS Certified Proctors Listhttp://media.ehs.uen.org:8080/A/FMPro?-DB=A.fp5&-Lay=form&-f...

### 03.06 Related Rates (Calculus)

 HC: Example problemshttp://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?course=AP%20Calcul...MIT OpenCourseWare Lecture Part 1 (Watch from 45:00 to end)http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/mathematics/18-01-single-variable...MIT OpenCourseWare Lecture Part 2 (Watch from beginning to 40:45)http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/mathematics/18-01-single-variable...

### 03.06 Review Greatest Common Factor and Factor Polynomials with Four Terms (Math Level 2)

 Find the greatest common factor (GCF) of monomials, factor polynomials by factoring out the greatest common factor (GCF) and factor expressions with four terms by grouping.

Factors are the building blocks of multiplication. They are the numbers that you can multiply together to produce another number: 2 and 10 are factors of 20, as are 4 and 5 and 1 and 20. To factor a number is to rewrite it as a product. 20 = 4 • 5.

Likewise to factor a polynomial, you rewrite it as a product. Just as any integer can be written as the product of factors, so too can any monomial or polynomial be expressed as a product of factors. Factoring is very helpful in simplifying and solving equations using polynomials.

A prime factor is similar to a prime number—it has only itself and 1 as factors. The process of breaking a number down into its prime factors is called prime factorization.

A whole number, monomial, or polynomial can be expressed as a product of factors. You can use some of the same logic that you apply to factoring integers to factoring polynomials. To factor a polynomial, first identify the greatest common factor of the terms, and then apply the distributive property to rewrite the expression. Once a polynomial in ab + ac form has been rewritten as a(b + c), where a is the GCF, the polynomial is in factored form.

When factoring a four-term polynomial using grouping, find the common factor of pairs of terms rather than the whole polynomial. Use the distributive property to rewrite the grouped terms as the common factor times a binomial. Finally, pull any common binomials out of the factored groups. The fully factored polynomial will be the product of two binomials.

If after completing this topic you can state without hesitation that...

• I can find the greatest common factor (GCF) of monomials.
• I can factor polynomials by factoring out the greatest common factor (GCF).
• I can factor expressions with four terms by grouping.

…you are ready for the assignment! Otherwise, go back and review the material before moving on.

Click the link below to begin viewing the lesson videos and to try the practice problems.

 NROC Developmental Math: Greatest Common Factorhttp://www.montereyinstitute.org/courses/DevelopmentalMath/U...

Each topic is divided into sections that include the following:

Warm Up - questions to answer to see if you are ready for the lesson.
Presentation - high quality video with excellent illustrations that teaches the topic.
Worked Examples - examples that are worked out step-by-step with narration.
Practice - quiz problems on the topic covered.
Review - practice test to check your knowledge before moving on.

You are not required to complete every section. However, REMEMBER the goal is to MASTER the material!!

I highly recommend viewing the following video examples before moving on to the assignment.

### 03.06 Review Greatest Common Factor and Factor Polynomials with Four Terms - video (Math Level 2)

 OHSU Teacher-Factoring by Groupinghttps://vimeo.com/12652675CK-12 0913 Factoring by Groupinghttps://vimeo.com/46324811Khan Academy 06 Factoring by grouping 02 Example Basic grouping https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2-bcAAncRQsCK - 12 0913S Factoring by Groupinghttps://vimeo.com/47220938

### 03.06 Review Greatest Common Factor and Factor Polynomials with Four Terms – Assignment (Math Level 2)

 teacher-scored 72 points possible 40 minutes

Activity for this lesson

Complete the attached worksheet.

1. Print the worksheet and complete the assignment in the space provided. You may use additional paper if needed. Work all the problems showing ALL your steps.
2. Once you have completed the assignment, digitize (scan or take digital photo, up close and clear) and save it to the computer and convert it to an image file such as .pdf or .jpg.
3. Finally, upload the image using the assignment submission window under the assignment link on your math home page for this assignment.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 4 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.06 Roundabouts and Continuous Flow Intersections (DriverEd)

 Continuous Flow Intersectionshttp://www.udot.utah.gov/cfi

### 03.06 Slope-Intercept Form (Math Level 1)

 Use the slope and y-intercepts to graph and write functions.

Something to Ponder

How would you explain the parts of the Slope-Intercept form and how they relate to the graph of an equation?

Mathematics Vocabulary

Slope-intercept form: y = mx + b, where m is the slope and b is the y-intercept of the line

Learning these concepts

Click each mathematician image OR click the link below to launch the video to help you better understand this "mathematical language."

$\fn_phv {\color{Red}SCROLL }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}DOWN }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}TO }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}THE }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}GUIDED }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}PRACTICE }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}SECTION }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}AND }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}WORK }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}THROUGH }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}THE }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}EXAMPLES }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}BEFORE }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}SUBMITTING }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}THE }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}ASSIGNMENT!!! }$

### 03.06 Slope-Intercept Form - Extra Video (Math Level 1)

 NROC Algebra 1: Intercepts of Linear Equationshttp://www.montereyinstitute.org/courses/Algebra1/U04L1T2_RE...NROC Algebra 1: Graphing Equations in Slope-Intercept Formhttp://www.montereyinstitute.org/courses/Algebra1/U04L1T3_RE...NROC Developmental Math: Writing the Equation of a Linehttp://www.montereyinstitute.org/courses/DevelopmentalMath/U... Khan Academy: Graphing a line in slope-intercept formhttp://tinyurl.com/nh8tsye

I highly recommend that you click on the links above.

NROC links: You can just watch the videos by clicking on PRESENTATION or work through each section.

Guided Practice
After watching the video try these problems. The worked solutions follow.

Example 1:

What are the slope (m) and y-intercept (b) of the following:

a. y = 2x - 3

b. y=-$\dpi{100} \fn_phv \fn_phv \frac{2}{3}$x + 6

c. 4x - 2y = -8

Example 2:

Write an equation in slope-intercept form with slope $\dpi{100} \fn_phv \frac{2}{5}$ and y-intercept 4.

Example 3:

Graph the following equations:

a. y = $\dpi{100} \fn_phv \frac{1}{3}$x - 2

b. y = -2x + 1

c. y=-$\dpi{100} \fn_phv \frac{3}{2}$x

Example 1: What are the slope and y-intercept (b) of the following?

a)  $\fn_phv y={\color{Red} 2}x{\color{Blue} -3}$

$\fn_phv {\color{Red} m = 2}$ and $\fn_phv {\color{Blue} b = -3}$

b) $\dpi{100} \fn_phv y={\color{Red} \frac{2}{3}}x {\color{Blue} + 6}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv {\color{Red} m=\frac{2}{3}}$

$\fn_phv {\color{Blue} b=6}$

c) 4x - 2y = -8

Step 1: Write the equation in slope-intercept form.

4x - 2y = -8

Subtract 4x from both sides:

-2y = -4x - 8

Divide all three terms by -2:

$\fn_phv y={\color{Red}2 }x{\color{Blue}+4 }$

Step 2: Identify m and b.

$\fn_phv {\color{Red} m=2}$ and $\fn_phv {\color{Blue} b=4}$

Example 2: Write an equation in slope-intercept form with slope $\dpi{100} \fn_phv {\color{Red} \frac{2}{5}}$ and y-intercept $\fn_phv {\color{Blue} 4}$.

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv y={\color{Red} m}x {\color{Blue} + b}={\color{Red} \frac{2}{5}}x {\color{Blue} +4}$

Example 3: Graph the following equations:

a) $\dpi{100} \fn_phv y={\color{Red} \frac{1}{3}}x {\color{Blue} -2}$

b) $\dpi{100} \fn_phv y=\color{Red}-2x {\color{Blue} +1}$

c) $\dpi{100} \fn_phv y=-{\color{Red} \frac{3}{2}}x$

### 03.06 Slope-Intercept Form - Worksheet (Math Level 1)

 teacher-scored 20 points possible 60 minutes

Activity for this lesson

1. Print the worksheet. Work all the problems showing ALL your steps.
2. Digitize (scan or take digital photo) and upload your worksheet activity.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 4 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.06 Speech Patterns Assignment

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 30 minutes

After reading the article, answer the following questions:

1. What is meant by the fact that language is a matter of opportunity and experience?
2. Because of the unique use of so many terms here in Utah and other places, we often sound unique. What phrases from the list above are used by people near/around you?
3. Compare some of the “Phrases” in the list above and select two that would be pronounced differently in another city or state.
4. What are two phrases NOT included in the article's list that you could add?

### 03.06 The Metro (FrenchII)

 Le lien dans l'URL vous portera à la leçon.

### 03.06 Wormology (Earth Systems)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 120 minutes

Assignment:

You will design and conduct an experiment that answers the following question:

How does a specific atmospheric condition affect worms (life)? In designing and conduction your experiment, please keep the following guidelines in mind:

· Worms should not be harmed maliciously

· Be careful when handling the acid rain solution, should you decide to use it.

Materials, facilities, and resources:

Materials can be added or subtracted as needed.

The following are a few ideas of things you may or may not want to use. You will certainly not need to use all of them. You may want to use some items that are not listed. You should be able to borrow these materials from your local high school teacher or purchase them for a minimal amount at local stores.

• Heat source (warm water, hot plate etc.)
• Acid rain mixture (20 ml of 0.1 M HCl to 2 liters of water or 20 ml lemon juice to 2 liters water)
• Basic glassware (graduated cylinders, beakers, canning jars)
• Worms (Planarias, Earthworms, and/or Mealworms, available in a local pet store, local fishing store, or in your yard.)
• Small paint brushes
• Droppers (Available at a local pharmacy if you do not have a spare medicine dropper hanging around.)
• Straws
• String
• Colored light sources
• Thermometers
• Dissecting trays or something similar (like a pie tin)
• UV light source
• Wind source (fan)
• Ice
• Scales
• Alka Seltzer tablets (source of carbon dioxide)

The experiment rubric (see the attachment) outlines what is expected in your experiment. It also shows how your experiment will be scored.

Click on the "Experiment Rubric" link and review what is expected.

1. Determine exactly which changed atmospheric condition you would like to simulate in your experiment. For example, you may want to test the effect of acid rain on worms or global warming or increased carbon dioxide levels, etc. Decide on the specific question that you would like to test and write it down.

2. Predict what you think the outcome of your experiment will be. This is your HYPOTHESIS. Use the following format for writing your prediction: IF I ________________(write what you will do in your experiment), THEN___________(Fill in the blank with what you think will happen.) For example, IF I increase the temperature 10 degrees Celsius, THEN the worms will become sluggish and move more slowly.

3. Write a set of procedures that will test your hypothesis. Be sure to include a timeline. Your experiment may last a little as 60 minutes or as long as a week. You do not need to plan an experiment that lasts longer than a week. Remember to include a control. Be very specific. Tell me exactly what you plan to do. Tell me how much of everything you plan on using. Tell me how long you plan on running the experiment, and how often you will check it. Tell me how you will measure and record your data. I want details!

5. AFTER you have received my go-ahead, conduct your experiment. Be sure to keep detailed lab notes. Your lab notes should contain a record of everything you did as well as all the data you collected. Every entry on your lab notes should be dated (month/day/year)

6. Follow the directions below to submit your assignment.

ANALYSIS

1. Re-send me your original question, your hypothesis, and your procedures.

2. Send me your lab notes. I want to the observations that you recorded. Do not simply send me a summary of your results. I want to see a record of everything you did as well as the data you collected.

3. Based on your observations, write a conclusion. What does your data tell you? What did you learn from your experimental results?

4. What kind of relationships did you find between worms and your selected atmospheric condition?

5. Do your findings support your hypothesis? Why or why not?

6. If you were to do this again, what would you change? Why?

7. What additional experiments could be performed?

GOOD LUCK AND HAVE FUN!!!

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 4 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.06 You are what you eat (Biology)

 FDA food labelshttp://www.fda.gov/food/labelingnutrition/default.htmUnderstanding Food lableshttp://www.fda.gov/Food/LabelingNutrition/ConsumerInformatio...

### 03.06.00 - ALLUSION

 Authors often use allusions as well as symbols to convey connotative meaning. This exercise will focus on allusion. For this activity, you will read the poem “Demeter’s Prayer to Hades.” This poem has an allusion to a mythological story of Demeter and her daughter Persephone. For an allusion to be effective, you have to know the story, so If you are not familiar with it, read a short version given at one of the links below.

### 03.06.01

 “Demeter’s Prayer to Hades,” http://www.oocities.org/talita.geo/3demeters.html"Demeter's Prayer to Hades"http://www.bigfoot.k12.wi.us/~staff/brower/11-lit%20poetry/D...Story of Demeter and Persephonehttp://www.bigfoot.k12.wi.us/~staff/brower/11-lit%20poetry/D...Story of Demeter and Persephonehttp://www.greeka.com/greece-myths/persephone.htm

 Literary Deviceshttp://www.slideshare.net/guest05f10c/poetic-conventions-dis...Poetry Deviceshttp://www.genconnection.com/English/poeticdevices.htm

### 03.06.01 Lesson 3F: Simple Yes/No Questions (Spanish I)

 computer-scored 20 points possible 20 minutes

**Assignment 03.06.01: Simple Yes/No Questions**: You know the drill, find the button: and click on it!

### 03.06.01 Metro Trip to the Musee d'Orsay (FrenchII)

 teacher-scored 16 points possible 40 minutes

The link in the URL's will take you to this assignment.

### 03.06.01 Metro Trip to the Musee d'Orsay links (FrenchII)

 Unit 3 reading and writing assignmenthttp://www.mrcharon.net/EHSFRENCH/LEVEL2/fr2u3rtassignment.h...

### 03.06.01 Quiz 30

 computer-scored 10 points possible 40 minutes

If you are certain you have mastered the material, you are ready for the quiz. Click on the Quiz 30 link.

### 03.06.01 Related rates exploration links (Calculus)

 Balooning related rateshttp://education.ti.com/educationportal/activityexchange/Act...

It is an exploration on related rates using a balloon. You will need a balloon, a fabric measuring tape (one that's not metal) and your calculator.

In the exploration, there is an example that will guide you through their work and steps. However, you'll need to show all your work in a seperate write up (either TI Interactive or by pencil) and email to the instructor.

### 03.06.01 Unit 03 Review Quiz (English 11)

 computer-scored 20 points possible 30 minutes

Complete the review quiz on unit 3 after you have completed reading the novel.  You will need to understand and apply the literary terms as they relate to the book you read.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 4 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.06.01 You are what you eat (Biology)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 90 minutes

Summary:

Now that you've learned about cells, cell chemistry, properties of elements in cells and much more, let's put a little of that to use in our everyday world. Sure, you understand that you and other organisms are made up of cells and that cells have an important function in our bodies. You have researched the macromolecules (proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids), and you have looked at some of the major elements that play a role in the makeup of the human beings and all other organisms. Don't forget that inorganic materials (those not containing Carbon - nonliving factors in our environment) are also present in our everyday lives.

You've heard the phrase "you are what you eat." Let's take a little stroll to your kitchen and see what exactly it is that you take into your body daily, and what these items may do for your body.

Instructional Procedures:

This assignment contains two parts.  Copy all information below between the lines of asterisks, including the lesson number, revision date and all questions into a word document.

******************************************************

ASSIGNMENT 03.06.01 - REVISION DATE: 8/28/14 (Copy everything between the asterisks.)

PART 1

• Obtain the original label from any type of non-perishable food Item (get the can or the box). 
• List all of the Ingredients. There should be at least 7 different ingredients. 
• Research and explain each of the ingredients.  Make sure you include the purpose for the ingredient in the food and how it helps or hinders your body. (Note: Some items have no nutritive value. You should explain what their purpose is in the product. Why put them in?)
• Give references for you information.

PART 2

Being properly hydrated is important for you to stay healthy.  There are several ways to determine how much water you need to drink each day.  Use the following formula to calculate how much water you need to drink each day.

current weight/2 = how many ounces of water you need to drink each day

1 cup = 8 ounces

For example a person who weighs 130 pounds should drink 65 ounces of water each day.  That's equivalent to 8.125 cups of water each day.

130/2 = 65 ounces

65 ounces ÷ 8 ounces = 8.125 cups

1. How many ounces of water do you need to drink each day?
2. How many cups of water do you need to drink each day?

******************************************************

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 6 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.06.02

 teacher-scored 12 points possible 30 minutes

Once you have read the myth and the poem, answer these questions (make sure that you answer in complete sentences):

1. How does knowing the story change the meaning of the word “prayer” and of the tone of the poem?
2. What particular lines did you find most effective and why?

Assessment Rubric:

 Content Shows the required response and understanding of the poem. /4 Clarity Writing is clear, focused and well organized. /4 Conventions No significant errors in grammar, usage, punctuation or spelling. /4

 teacher-scored 16 points possible 45 minutes

Assessment Rubric:

 Content Each question answered completely and in a way that shows knowledge and understanding of the selection. /4 Support Each answer includes the specific language from the poem to illustrate analysis. /4 Clarity Writing is clear, focused & well organized—didn’t give me any “huh?” moments. /4 Conventions No significant errors in grammar, usage, punctuation or spelling. /4

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 6 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.06.02 Greek and Latin word parts (English 9)

 More Greek and Latin rootshttps://www.msu.edu/~defores1/gre/roots/gre_rts_afx2.htm?ifr...

### 03.06.02 You are what you eat (Biology)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 25 minutes

You need to score at least 80% on this quiz before you can take the final.  You can take it as many times as you would like, in order to earn the score you desire.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 6 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.06.04 Root word webs (English 9)

 Gliffy (graphic organizer creator)http://www.gliffy.com/Freemind (graphic organizer creator)http://freemind.sourceforge.net/wiki/index.php/Main_Page

### 03.08 Wie gehts? Dialog #3(German1)

 Wie gehts? Dialog #3https://media.ehs.uen.org/GermanEXEQ2/wiegehtesihnen.exe

Click on the link and save the file down to your hard drive as an .exe file. Open it to study this subject. Be patient for download, it takes a few minutes. Memorize each part. Practice it until it is second nature.

### 03.09 Dialogue #2,3 Comprehension Questions(German1)

 teacher-scored 20 points possible 60 minutes

Go to the link below and take the online quiz. You may take it multiple times.

### 03.10 Wie Geht es Ihnen Written Assgt(German1)

 teacher-scored 20 points possible 60 minutes

Go to the link below and complete the online writing assignment.

Here is a preview of this assignment:

Wie geht es Ihnen?

I. Was fehlt?
Fill in the blanks from the dialogue:

Guten _____, Herr Eckebrecht!
Beate!
Wie geht es _______?
Mir geht es______ ________ ______. __________ geht es _____________ ?
Ich _____________ einen Test in Englisch.
Viel ___________ !
Danke__________!
Wiedersehen!

II. Antworten Sie die Fragen mit Sätzen, bitte!
Answer the questions in complete sentences, please!:

1. Wie heisst das Mädchen?
2. Wie heisst der Mann?
3. Was hat Beate in heute in Englisch?
4. Wie geht es dem Mann? Es geht ihm ...
5. Wie geht es dem Mädchen? Es geht ihm ...

III. Welche sind positive Ausdrücke und welche sind negative Ausdrücke?
(which are positive responses to "Wie geht es Ihnen?" and which are negative? Put a + by the positives and a - by the negatives.

### 04.03.01 Chapter 4 Assignment 2 - Extra Credit Program (C++)

 teacher-scored 20 points possible 45 minutes

Do this assignment and submit it under Topic 3.

Miss Johnson, a math teacher, adds extra credit points to her students' total points if they score well on her final examination. Points are awarded as follows:

score < 60 no extra credit
score >= 60 and score <= 80 extra Credit = score * 2 / 11.0;
score > 80 extra Credit = score * 3 / 11.0;

Write a C++ program to allow the user to enter the final examination score. The program should then calculate and display the student's final score including any extra credit.

Example:

Miss Johnson's Extra Credit Program

Enter the student's score on the final 85

The Students final score is 108.182

### 04.05 Unit 03-04 Review Quiz

 computer-scored 10 points possible 10 minutes

Assessment 04.05 Review Quiz 03-04

Complete

03-04 Review Quiz
Ancient Middle East and Ancient India and China

This assignment is found under Review Quiz 03-04 on the course website. The assignment is computer graded, which should make it easier to do and will provide immediate feedback.

Complete this assignment after you finish reading lessons 3 and 4.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 4 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06 Space Text book (Earth Systems)

 Found in Space! Introduction: You started out fourth quarter describing energy that is “Lost in Space”. (Remember assignment 4.3?) Now, at the end of fourth quarter you’ll describe information that is “Found in Space”. Lost and found--Sounds like someplace you’d look for your missing yo-yo! 04.06 yo-yo Well, I know where my favorite yo-yo is, and hopefully you do too. But, do you know how scientists learned about the universe? Or how scientists believe the universe began? What about how stars are born and die? Or how Earth compares to other planets? You will find this, and other information, in the assignment that follows. Hang on and enjoy your intellectual journey to see you what you can find in (or about) space. To this point, we have studied Earth’s various sub-systems (I’m sure that by now you can recite them in your sleep; water system, geologic system, atmospheric system, biologic system). Now we will examine the Earth as a part of a larger system. Earth is a part of the solar system. The solar system is a component of the system we call the Milky Way Galaxy. 04.06 galaxy Our galaxy is part of the universe as we know it, and who knows what part the universe plays in an even greater whole? As a member of these systems, the Earth both affects and is affected by its celestial neighbors. In fact, the Earth itself exists thanks to interactions that occurred millions of years ago in our “corner” of the universe. It is your job to document these interactions.

### 04.06 Skimming

 Now, it's time to show what you can do using the skimming strategy.

### 04.06 Skimming Assignment

 A Message for Garciahttp://www.foundationsmag.com/garcia.html

### 04.06 Space Text book (Earth Systems)

 A Brief History of Cosmologyhttp://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/HistTopics/Cosmolog...Anchors of the Universe http://map.gsfc.nasa.gov/m_uni/uni_101bbtest1.htmlFour Pillars of Cosmologyhttp://www.damtp.cam.ac.uk/user/gr/public/bb_pillars.htmlBig Bang theoryhttp://www.umich.edu/~gs265/bigbang.htmLife and death of starshttp://map.gsfc.nasa.gov/m_uni/uni_101stars.htmlPlanetshttp://nineplanets.org/NASA planetshttp://pds.jpl.nasa.gov/planets/

Remember: Do NOT copy the text from these Internet sites word for word. I have read the information on the sites. I will recognize it if you cut and paste it into your text. You will FAIL the assignment if you cut and paste the information from the sites into your textbook. You MUST write it in your own words.

### 04.06 Translating Functions (Math Level 1)

 Graph parent functions and transformations of exponential functions.

Something to Ponder

How would you explain the meaning of vertical shift and how it is used to graph exponential functions?

Mathematics Vocabulary

Parent Function: the most basic equation of a function, before any shifts or alterations

Translation: a transformation that shifts a function horizontally, vertically or both

Vertical Shift: a transformation up or down

Learning these concepts

Click each mathematician image OR click the link below to launch the video to help you better understand this "mathematical language."

$\fn_phv {\color{Red}SCROLL }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}DOWN }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}TO }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}THE }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}GUIDED }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}PRACTICE }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}SECTION }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}AND }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}WORK }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}THROUGH }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}THE }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}EXAMPLES }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}BEFORE }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}SUBMITTING }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}THE }$ $\fn_phv {\color{Red}ASSIGNMENT!!! }$

### 04.06 Applying your Skills: Video 4 (Participation Skills and Techniques)

 teacher-scored 25 points possible 60 minutes

This assignment should be completed by WEEK 3 of this class

Standard Four Video INSTRUCTIONS: You will need to submit an instructional video demonstrating an exercise of your choice from the following list. If you are unable to make a video of YOURSELF, you can use powerpoint to create a presentation USING pictures of YOU demonstrating the basics skills for the exercise you have chosen. (As in Quarter 1.....there needs to be as many pictures as there are CRTICAL CUES for each exercise.)

****Here is the list of acceptable activities you can choose from

*** You must choose an activity from THIS LIST

sit-ups, pull-ups, crunches, push-ups, biceps curl, shoulder press, squats, rows, leg curls, chest fly.

SAFETY IS PARAMOUNT. Take all reasonable safety precautions for the chosen activity. You may not receive credit if your teacher finds that you have not taken safety into consideration. *You will need to demonstrate the correct way to do whatever exercise you choose. You must research the correct form and sequence for your activity (use books or the internet, or ask your coach if you have one for the activity).

You will also need to discuss the importance of the FITT principal as it relates to your activity of choice.

INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE VIDEO:. *Your video needs to be at least one minute long and NO longer than two minutes. If you would rather take pictures and use a video editor program to make a video/powerpoint to create your video, you can but you must have a minimum of 4-6 pictures.

*You MUST be the star of your video, the video needs to be of YOU teaching and demonstrating how to perform the skill or exercise, so you might need to get a friend to do the filming. You will also be the narrator of the video.

*Assume that you are making this video for another student who has never tried your particular activity/sport.

*You CANNOT use the same video for another other PE Skills and Techniques, including both quarters. Example: If the activity you choose was tennis, you would need to show the basic skills of tennis, such as:

How to grip the tennis racket. How to serve a tennis ball. What a backhand swing looks like and how to accomplish it. Etc.

CRITIQUE QUESTIONS: After you have created your video, Answer the following questions. MAKE SURE YOUR ANSWERS ARE IN COMPLETE SENTENCES OR PARAGRAPHS. Please put all answers in bold or UPPER CASE.

****************************************

When you have completed this process, Submit your video in the submission box by pasting your url in the text box. Make sure you include the following obervation questions:

1. From the list of activities - sit-ups, pull-ups, crunches, push-ups, biceps curl, shoulder press, squats, rows, leg curls, chest fly, which activity did you choose to demonstrate and teach?

2. What source(s) you used to research the correct technique.

3. What you learned from watching yourself in the video about how you might improve your technique in your activity (ie, critique yourself).

4. How can you implement the FITT principal in your activity to improve yourself in the activity of your choice?

****************************************

INSTRUCTIONS ON HOW TO SUBMIT YOUR VIDEO: You will need a computer with a connection to the Internet and your digital video content (under two minutes, please).

You can choose between

"YouTube" - web based option

"Photobucket" - image hosting and video hosting website

You will need to create an account for YouTube or Photobucket. Follow the instructions to upload and share your videos. "YouTube" will take a little longer to upload.

WHICHEVER resource you decide to use to submit your video..... you need to Submit the LINK to your video with your Questions in the assignment Submission, so the questions and the Video are together to be graded.

****DO NOT send the video to my EMAIL!!! *****

In YouTube, you need to make your video "available to the world." When you go to the "My Videos" section of your YouTube account, play the video you want to submit. At this point you need to click on the "Share this Video" then copy the URL address in the URL and paste it in the Text Entry with your Questions or the comment box and submit it WITH YOUR ASSIGNMENT

Photobucket is very similar. If you don't have a video camera, you can use still images in a slide show with narration that is converted to digital video.

IF you decide to NOT use PHOTOBUCKET or YOUTUBE... You can upload your video or power point to your GOOGLE drive and share it and then copy the link, and paste it into the text entry submission page with your Questions and submit it.

Please make sure your video is in one of the following formats or you will have to redo the video.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 3 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06 Circuit training workout (Fitness for Life)

 Incorporate appropriate training principles of circuit training. Utilize imagination, self-expression, and creativity in designing personal fitness plans.

Official Navy Page from United States of America MC3 Donald White Jr./U.S. Navy, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Circuit training is a method that combines muscular strength, muscular endurance, and aerobic conditioning. Once you perform this type of workout, you can decide how to incorporate circuit training into your overall workout program.

### 04.06 Circuit training workout assignment (Fitness for Life)

 teacher-scored 50 points possible 45 minutes

Introduction: The purpose of this assignment is to introduce you to circuit training.

Task: Jog or walk for 5 to 10 minutes to warm up.

Conduct the Circuit Training Workout. This workout asks you to complete a circuit training workout for 30 minutes. You may use the one found on pages 72 – 74 of the text, or... Go to the link below this assignment and complete the total body workout suggested there by “Sports Fitness Advisor”. Or… You may substitute for a different circuit training workout of your choice, but you MUST justify your alternative workout for full points. (You might want to pre-approve your alternative workout with your teacher.) • If you use the textbook workout, use the text for photos of the proper way to do activities. • If you use the on-line “Sports Fitness Advisor” workout, you will need some minor equipment. You may substitute household items where appropriate. Follow the directions given for proper technique. Describe which workout you chose, and list the exercises completed.

• You might consider checking out the holiday circuit workout video link below for additional pointers.
• Studio C's "P90 X" link demonstrates circuit training like no other. See below.

Fill in the exercises you will perform BEFORE you begin the workout. That way you will only need to fill in the number of Reps performed. • Have a visible clock, with a second hand, that you can easily see WHILE you exercise. • Participate in each exercise for 1 minute and 50 seconds. Allow 10 seconds between exercises. • When you check heart rate, check for 10 seconds. Multiply by 6 AFTER the entire workout is completed. • Continue the workout, rotating through the exercises, for a total of at least 30 minutes.

Copy and paste the section between the lines of asterisks into a word processing document on your computer. Print a copy to take with you to your workout. Complete your work, and save a copy for yourself. Don't forget to highlight your answers. Then submit your work using the assignment submission window for this assignment.

***************************************************************************

Name:________________ Date:________________ Workout: _______________________

 Exercise Reps 1._______________________ ____________ 2. ______________________ ____________ 3. ______________________ ____________ 4. ______________________ ____________ 5. ______________________ ____________ Heart rate after 10 minutes ______________ 6. ______________________ ____________ 7. ______________________ ____________ 8. ______________________ ____________ 9. ______________________ ____________ 10. _____________________ ____________ Heart rate after 20 minutes ______________ 11. _____________________ ____________ 12. _____________________ ____________ 13. _____________________ ____________ 14. _____________________ ____________ 15. _____________________ ____________ Heart rate after 30 minutes ______________

(30 pts. for completion.)

Additional Questions: Provide adequate information for full credit DON'T FORGET TO HIGHLIGHT YOUR ANSWERS.

9. (5 pts.) Did you enjoy alternating muscular endurance/strength activities with aerobic activities as is done in a circuit? • Why or why not?

10. (5 pts.) Now that you have completed workouts to improve muscular endurance, muscular strength, and both (circuit training), which type of workout did you like the best and why?

11. (10 pts.) Given your experience with this workout, create and describe a program that you would use to incorporate circuit training into your future workouts. list at least 5 different exercises and provide the number of repetitions or durations for each.

• General Description: • Exercises:

 1 #reps: 2 #reps: 3 #reps: 4 #reps: 5 #reps:

*****************************************************************************

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 6 of your enrollment date for this class.

 Sports Fitness Advisor circuit training workouthttp://www.sport-fitness-advisor.com/circuit-training-exerci...Got an extra minute and twelve seconds? My holiday circuit workout video will give you an idea how circuit training is done. (See if you can catch my typo)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9kJAcxo7xBwJust for Fun from Studio C- P90 Xhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pSr7HPikHog

### 04.06 Domain, Range, Graphs and Transformations of Absolute Value Functions (Math Level 2)

 Identify the domain and range of absolute value functions and graph absolute value functions and the transformation of their parent functions.

Recall that the absolute value is defined as the distance a number is from zero. Since it is a distance, the absolute value will always be postive, or zero. Absolute value is represented by two parallel vertical lines on either side of a term. For example, $\left | 3 \right |$.

An absolute value function is a function whose rule contains an absolute value expression. The parent graph for absolute values is f(x)=|x| and it looks like this:

The graph is a V shape. It has a vertex and is symmetrical about the vertical line running through the vertex.

The general form of an absolute value function is $y=a\left | x-h \right |+k$. The absolute value function has many similarities with the quadratic function.

• The vertex of the absolute value function is (h,k). Note that the value of h is the opposite of what is in the equation.
• It is symmetric about the line x = h.
• If a > 0, (a is positive), the graph opens up. If a < 0, (a is negative), the graph opens down.
• If $\left | a \right |$ < 1, the graph will be wider. If $\left | a \right |$ > 1, the graph will be narrower.

You will recall that the domain is the set of all possible inputs (all the x values) of a function which allow the function to work. The range is the set of all possible outputs (all the y values) of a function.

Let’s apply this to absolute value functions.

Look at the graph of f(x) = |x|:

Absolute value function graphs always look like the letter V. All such functions will have a domain that includes all real numbers. The range will vary depending on the value of the vertex. Can you see that the range of this function is all real numbers ≥ 0?

Now, let’s graph the function f(x) = |x + 2|:

• How does (x+2) change the domain?
• How does (x+2) change the range?

The domain is still all real numbers and the range is still all real numbers ≥ 0. The (x+2) moved the vertex (0,0) to (-2,0).

What about the graph of f(x) = |x| + 2?

• How does +2 change the domain?
• How does +2 change the range?

The domain is still all real numbers and the range is all real numbers ≥ 2. The vertex is (0,2).

Here is the graph of f(x) = |x – 2|.

• How does (x – 2 change the domain?
• How does (x – 2) change the range?

The domain is still all real numbers and the range is all real numbers ≥ 0.

Finally, look at the graph of f(x) = |x| – 2?

• How does –2 change the domain?
• How does –2 change the range?

In what must be obvious to you by now, the domain is still all real numbers but the range is all real numbers ≥ –2. The vertex is (0, –2).

Have you figured out a pattern?

• f(x) = |x + a| translates the graph to the left and does not alter the domain nor the range.
• f(x) = |xa| translates the graph to the right and does not alter the domain nor the range.
• f(x) = |x| + a translates the graph up and does not alter the domain. However, the range is moved to ≥ k.
• f(x) = |x| – a translates the graph down and does not alter the domain. However, the range is moved to ≥ – k.

In this “family” of graphs, the original f(x) = |x| is called the parent function. The other graphs in the “family” are referred to as transformations of the parent function. Once you have graphed the parent function it is easy to graph the transformations.

Let's make things a bit more interesting. Look at the graph of f(x) = 2|x|:

The domain and range don’t change but the “V” is narrower.

What about the graph of f(x) = –2|x|?

Hmmm. The “V” is upside down! It is a reflection of f(x) = 2|x|.

The domain doesn’t change but the range is now all real numbers ≤ 0.

Of course, we can make things even more interesting.

How about the graph of f(x) = –3|x + 2| + 1?

Can you figure out the domain and range?

The domain is still all real numbers but the range is all real numbers ≤ 1. The vertex is (–2,1).

We can now add to our list from above:

• f(x) = a|x| compresses the graph but does not alter the domain nor the range.
• f(x) = –a|x| compresses the graph, then reflects it across the x-axis and does not alter the domain. However, the range is changed to all real numbers ≤ 0.
• f(x) = a|x + h| + k translates the graph left or right depending on the value of h. It also translates the graph up or down depending on the value of k.
• Finally, it compresses the graph depending on the value of a.

Take time to practice with these types of graphs at the website listed below.

 FooPlot: Absolute Value of x Functionhttp://fooplot.com/#W3sidHlwZSI6MCwiZXEiOiJhYnMoeCkiLCJjb2xv...

I highly recommend that you click on the links below and watch the videos before continuing:

 mathispower4u: Ex 1: Graph a Transformation of an Absolute Value Function Using a Table http://youtu.be/X_gqB9bVOVEmathispower4u: Ex 2: Graph a Transformation of an Absolute Value Function Using a Table http://youtu.be/zmlay7PlM-Emathispower4u: Ex: Graph an Absolute Value Function Using a Table of Values http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PJt5dSj7PN4mathispower4u: Ex 1: Find the Equation of a Transformed Absolute Value Function From a Graph http://youtu.be/yYHhUYPYRl0mathispower4u: Ex 2: Find the Equation of a Transformed Absolute Value Function From a Graph http://youtu.be/TF0vbtrG-VQmathispower4u: Ex 3: Find the Equation of a Transformed Absolute Value Function From a Graph http://youtu.be/HaTrbPTvGBQmathispower4u: Ex 4: Find the Equation of a Transformed Absolute Value Function From a Graph http://youtu.be/AFOU73_LFKA

If after completing this topic can you state without hesitation that...

• I can identify the domain and range of absolute value functions.
• I can graph absolute value functions and the transformation of their parent functions.

…you are ready for the assignment! Otherwise, go back and review the material before moving on.

### 04.06 Domain, Range, Graphs and Transformations of Absolute Value Functions – Assignment (Math Level 2)

 teacher-scored 66 points possible 40 minutes

Activity for this lesson

Complete the attached worksheet.

1. Print the worksheet and complete the assignment in the space provided. You may use additional paper if needed. Work all the problems showing ALL your steps.
2. Once you have completed the assignment, digitize (scan or take digital photo, up close and clear) and save it to the computer and convert it to an image file such as .pdf or .jpg.
3. Finally, upload the image using the assignment submission window under the assignment link on your math home page for this assignment.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 7 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06 Following Instructions

 Open and complete the Drawing Pictures Activity.

### 04.06 More Car Insurance (Financial Literacy)

 Identify more things to consider in purchasing car insurance and understand related terminology.

This isn't the kind of car wash you need for your ride: Andrew Smith, CC-BY-SA-2.0, via Wikimedia Commons BACKGROUND

Now that you know a few more things about insurance, we will consider insurance rates and insurance requirements for cars in Utah. The government does not require that you be insured against all risks. They DO require car insurance. Car insurance is also required by those who loan the money to buy car because they want to minimize their risks. They want to make sure they get their money back. Lets consider a few things about auto insurance.

Visit URL #1. Skip the “Compare Quotes Instantly” section and scroll down to “Utah Car Insurance Laws” to find out what car insurance is required in Utah. You may stop reading when you reach the section entitled “Where to get Utah auto insurance quotes.” Again, ignore the “sidebar” insurance advertisements and other price quote links. Then exit the web page and go to the next URL. Visit URL #2 to learn more about "no-fault" insurance and "minimum liabilty rates."  Visit URL #3 to learn how to lower car insurance rates. Read the suggestions for lowering a young driver's car insurance rates.

### 04.06 More Car Insurance (Financial Literacy)

 computer-scored 10 points possible 30 minutes

Take the Setting Priorities quiz. You must score 8 or higher on this quiz to continue. If your score is lower, simply re-take the quiz as many times as you need after reviewing the material.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 2 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06 More Car Insurance links (Financial Literacy)

 Utah auto insurancehttp://www.rmiia.org/auto/steering_through_your_auto_policy/...Utah auto insurance #2.http://www.dmv.org/insurance/no-fault-states.phpHow to lower your rateshttp://www.today.com/id/19838230/ns/today-money/t/how-reduce...

### 04.06 Narrative Writing

 Students will write a 600-800 word narrative on a topic related to "Love and Relationships" Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.

Steve Evans, CC Attribution 2.0 Generic license via Wikimedia Commons

The theme for English 11 Quarter 1 is “Love and Relationships.”

Definition of narrative: a story or account of events, experiences or the like, whether true or fictitious.  A narrative is not a report or essay, but a story.

Summary of the assignments for this section: (complete instructions will be with each assignment)

The first assignment for this section will be to brainstorm a list of 25 things that come to mind about “love and relationships.” Make a list of things you could write about, then narrow down your topic. (5 Points)

Once you have decided on a topic, please write approximately two pages (600-800 words) in narrative form. (15 points for the submission)

After the paper has been turned in, the teacher will give you a set of revision instructions that you must complete to receive the final grade for this paper. (Final paper: 40 points) Attached is the scoring rubric for the final paper.

### 04.06 Numbers Oral Quiz(German1)

 04.06 Numbers Oral Quiz(German1)http://media.ehs.uen.org/GermanEXEQ2/Numbersoralquizexecutal...

### 04.06 Online Resources Test--ORT (Computer Technology)

 computer-scored 55 points possible 30 minutes

Review
Review all the reading materials and activities to study for the posttest.

Take the Online Resources Posttest (ORT)
This test covers the concepts from the activities, reading, and handouts for the Online Resources Unit. You can use your notes and handouts for this test. There is a one hour time limit.

### 04.06 Prenatal Development(Childdev1)

 Lesson 4.6: Prenatal Development Open the file above, "Stages of Prenatal Development", in the format (Microsoft Word or WordPerfect) that you prefer and go through the materials presented. STAGES OF PRENATAL DEVELOPMENT TIMELINE OF PRENATAL DEVELOPMENT Day 1 - conception takes place. 7 days - tiny human implants in mother’s uterus. 10 days - mother’s menses stop. 18 days - heart begins to beat. 21 days - pumps own blood through separate closed circulatory system with own blood type. 28 days - eye, ear and respiratory system begin to form. 42 days - brain waves recorded, skeleton complete, reflexes present. 7 weeks - photo of thumbsucking. 8 weeks - all body systems present. 9 weeks - squints, swallows, moves tongue, makes fist. 11 weeks - spontaneous breathing movements, has fingernails, all body systems working. 12 weeks - weighs one ounce. 16 weeks - genital organs clearly differentiated, grasps with hands, swims, kicks, turns, somersaults, (still not felt by the mother.) 18 weeks - vocal cords work – can cry. 20 weeks - has hair on head, weighs one pound, 12 inches long. 23 weeks - 15% chance of viability outside of womb if birth premature.* 24 weeks - 56% of babies survive premature birth.* 25 weeks - 79% of babies survive premature birth.* (*Source: M. Allen et. al., "The Limits of Viability." New England Journal of Medicine. 11/25/93: Vol. 329, No. 22, p. 1597.) Introduction/ Summary: The duration of pregnancy is divided into three equal segments called trimesters. The first trimester (months 1-3) is essential to the proper development of the infant and encompasses both the ovum and embryonic period of prenatal development. This is when all organs, nerve cells and brain cells develop. This is when most spontaneous abortions (miscarriages) occur. They generally are caused by abnormal development of the fetus and are nature’s way of eliminating a chromosomal abnormality. It is vital that all necessary nutrients be available to the fetus in order to develop properly. The second trimester (months 4-6) is often referred to as the “Golden trimester”. This is when the mother generally feels the best. Morning sickness and nausea have generally disappeared and the mother is quite comfortable. The third trimester comprises (months 7-9). These are important months for the baby as its organs and body systems mature and prepare to function on their own. The fat accumulated during this time will five the baby a “head start” on life. The prenatal development is sometimes separated into three development periods. The first period is referred to as the period of the zygote. This stage begins at conception and lasts until the zygote is implanted in the mother’s uterus. It lasts for about 10-14 days. The zygote grows to be about the size of a pinhead. Roots grow from the zygote into the wall of the uterus where they can receive nutrients from the mother’s blood The period of the embryo lasts from about 2 weeks to 8 weeks after conception. The embryo is attached to the mother by the umbilical cord (20 inches long) which reaches from the embryo’s stomach to the wall of the uterus. The umbilical cord contains arteries which carry the embryo’s waste products away from the embryo to the mother’s blood system to be purified. It also brings oxygenated and nutrient-rich blood back to the embryo to keep it alive. The umbilical cord is connected to the placenta. The placenta is an organ which serves as a medium for the exchange of nutrients and waste between the mother and the fetus. Throughout this period, the embryo is inside the amniotic sac (a bag filled with watery substance called amniotic fluid). The fluid will protect the developing baby against bumps, bruises and temperature changes. During this period all of the organs that will be present at birth are formed. The third development period is called the period of the fetus. This period extends from the end of the second month of pregnancy until birth. During this stage, the developing baby is referred to as a fetus. The body parts, organs and systems which were formed during the embryo period will become much more developed and begin to function. The fetus will begin will begin to resemble a human being and features will increase in clarity. During the fetal period the baby may increase in length as much as twelve inches. MONTHLY DEVELOPMENT Month 2 The embryo increases in length to about 1 ½ inches. Bones and muscles begin to form. The head grows rapidly at first, accounting for about half of the embryo’s size. The face and neck begin to take on human form. The brain develops very rapidly. Leg and arm buds form and grow the eyes begin converging toward the center of the face. The mouth and nose form. Major organs of the digestive system become differentiated. The heart has been beating for about a month now. Month 3 The fetus measures about 3 inches from head to buttocks and weighs about ½ ounce. The fetus has all of its major systems and they are functioning. However, it is still unable to survive independently. No new organs will need to be formed, but the ones that are present will need time to develop and mature. The digestive system is active. The liver and kidneys are functioning. The fetus practices swallowing amniotic fluid, breathing amniotic fluid and its vocal chords are developing. The roof of its mouth comes together and fuses. Taste buds appear, sex organs continue to develop, buds for all temporary teeth are formed and bone formation begins. During this month, arms, legs and fingers begin to make spontaneous movement. The eyelids close and are sealed shut at this time. They will reopen at about 6 months. Month 4 The fetus grows to almost 6 inches in length and 4 ounces in weight. The skin is thin, loose and wrinkled and appears red because of underlying blood vessels. The face acquires a human appearance. The body outgrows the head at this time. Hands and feet become well formed and finger closure is possible. The fetal reflexes become more brisk as it begins to stir and move the arms and legs. In males, the testes are in position for later descent into the scrotum and in females, the uterus and vagina are recognizable. Month 5 The fetus is now about 12 inches long and weighs about 8 ounces. During this month the mother will probably feel the baby’s movement, called quickening. It is suspended in a quart of amniotic fluid. The development seems so advanced that the skin and digestive organs are not prepared to exist on their own. Also, there is no provision for regulating body temperature. The fetus grows a fine dark body hair called lanugo and collects vernix, which is a waxy coating to cover and protect the skin. The nose and ears begin ossification, the skeleton hardens, and the heartbeat can now be heard. Fingernails and toenails begin to appear and the baby will wake and sleep. Sweat glands are formed and functioning. Month 6 The fetus increases in weight and is now between 1 ½ - 2 pounds. The eyelids, which have been fused shut, are now open and completely formed. The eyes look up, down and sideways. Eyebrows and eyelashes are well defined and taste buds appear on the tongue and in the mouth. Month 7 The fetus is now about 15 inches long and weighs between 2 ½ - 3 pounds. It can cry weakly and can suck its thumb. The fetus can make a variety of reflex movements: startle, grasp, and swim movements. The cerebral hemispheres cover almost the entire brain. Month 8 The fetus will gain 2-3 pounds during this month, which it will need to stay warm following birth. The fingernails reach beyond the fingertips and much of the lanugo is shed. By the end of this month, the fetus will most likely settle into the head down position. However, the baby is capable of changing positions. Month 9 The fetus reaches full growth. It measures 14-15 inches from head to buttocks and weighs 6-8 pounds. During this last month, the baby acquires antibodies from its mother which will give it temporary immunity against some diseases. The eyes are normally blue at birth because pigmentation is not normally formed until after a few weeks of exposure to light. Vernix is present over the entire body. The fetus will alternate between periods of activity and periods of quiet. The organs increase their activity, the fetal heart rate increases to rapid rate. Birth usually occurs approximately 280 days after the first day of the mother’s last menstrual period. TRIMESTERS FIRST TRIMESTER The Mother There are many signs and symptoms that help determine pregnancy. The first and most obvious change is missing a menstrual period. Usually with this symptom a woman will suspect pregnancy, although some women may miss two periods (if their cycle is not regular) before suspecting pregnancy. A simple urine test from the doctor will show whether or not a woman is pregnant. Home pregnancy tests are available for $10-$15 and are quite accurate, but are no substitute for a doctor’s test or visit. (Most doctors will give their own test anyway!) Other changes that take place in the woman are as follow: Morning sickness/nausea: this probably occurs due to the change in hormones or a drop in blood level. Morning sickness does not just take place in the morning. Many women say it is associated with smells or foods they eat. Not much can be done to cure morning sickness. (Drugs or over-the-counter stomach remedies should not be taken.) Watching the diet can help relieve some of the symptoms. Your doctor may recommend eating several small meals through out the day and/or eating something before getting out of bed, such as crackers. Also, there is a vitamin B6 shot the doctor can give that seems to help many women. Frequent urination: Because the uterus lies next to the bladder, the changes in the uterus cause crowding. Therefore, the need for urination is increased. Cravings: Unusual food cravings are also common during pregnancy. Giving in to them once in a while is all right. If you crave non-food items, consult your doctor. Breasts: Swollen, tender breasts are common in pregnancy. This may occur before the menstrual period is missed. The breasts will enlarge a lot during the first few months. Although nothing will prevent stretch marks, lotions can relieve the tightness and itching associated with pregnancy. Fatigue and Dizziness: these are two common symptoms of early pregnancy. To alleviate dizzy spells, get up slowly. To help with fatigue, get plenty of rest and eliminate unnecessary physical exertion. However, maintaining a regular pre-pregnancy exercise program can be most beneficial as long as it is with your doctor’s approval. The Baby During the first trimester many changes take place for the baby. At four weeks the embryo is approximately ¼ inch long and its heart has started to beat. By six weeks after fertilization the embryo is about 5/8 inch long and has developed most of its vital organs. Its bones are still soft but the skeleton is well-formed. The arms and legs are forming. At eight weeks the embryo officially becomes a fetus. In two months the mother has missed two menstrual cycles and her body has created a completely new individual. By the ninth week the fetus floats in the amniotic fluid and is nourished from the placenta through the umbilical cord. At twelve weeks the fetus is 2 ¾ inches long. Most of its organs are working, including the kidneys. Its arms, legs, hand, fingers, etc. are fully developed. The nails on its fingers and toes are starting to develop. The Mother At the end of three months the baby is essentially complete. Form now on the mother’s uterus is busy helping the growth and perfecting of the baby. The doctor should be called immediately if any of these symptoms occur: Vaginal bleeding Sharp abdominal pain or cramping Loss of fluid from the vagina Severe or prolonged nausea or vomiting Frequent dizzy spells Painful urination High fever over 100*F Vaginal discharge that is irritating Some other things to consider: Do not take any medication unless approved by your doctor. This includes over-the-counter drugs. No drugs or alcohol. These have a tremendous effect on the baby. No X-rays. Radiation can interfere with cell division and organ development. No saunas and hot tubs. The high and prolonged temperatures can be harmful to the fetus. Vaccinations. Because vaccinations are live viruses, these should not be taken during pregnancy. However, do vaccinate the children in your home to protect them against these deadly diseases. Cats. A parasite found in cats, cattle, sheep, and pigs can cause a disease in humans called Toxoplasmosis. This can cause severe damage to an unborn child. Because of this risk, you should avoid undercooked meat and changing cat litter boxes. SECOND TRIMESTER The Mother The woman’s body has many changes taking place: Skin: Each woman’s body reacts differently to pregnancy. Skin may become oily, dry, scaly, etc. the skin must stretch over the growing uterus. Therefore, stretch marks appear often. Facial skin may darken. This is called Chloasma or the mask of pregnancy. Staying out of the sun can help but usually there is nothing that can be done to prevent it. It usually disappears after pregnancy. Another area that darkens is a line from the navel to the pubic hair. This is called Linea Nigra. This line disappears after pregnancy. Many women have this line – some darker than others. Emotions: Because of the hormonal changes within the woman’s body, she may experience mood swings, depression, and even bad dreams. She simply must adjust and realize that the moods will pass. She may need a few extra breaks or time to relax. She should not blame herself but realize that this is normal with all of the changes taking place in her life. The Baby By the fourth month the fetus is about two inches long. The first outlines of the face are showing. The muscles have developed and the baby is beginning to move. The baby weighs about ¾ of an ounce (the weight of an ordinary letter). The umbilical cord and placenta are now the source of nourishment from the mother. By the fifth month the fetus is six inches long and is completely formed. The baby’s movements are noticeable to the mother and she will feel them regularly. The skull bones are the most important bones being developed at this time. These will not complete development until after the baby is born. The sixth month is just past the half-way mark. The eyes are now fully developed. The ears are complete. There is a lot of evidence to show that the baby can hear the outside world. The sounds are probably muffled, maybe like sounds under water. It is also believed the baby can hear the mother’s voice and heart beat and, of course, the rumbling of her stomach. Fingerprints are formed. THIRD TRIMESTER The Mother The most obvious change that takes place in the third trimester is the woman’s body. The abdomen enlarges and fatigue is common. The baby moves a lot now. The mother should feel it move every couple of hours. If she does not, she should call her doctor. Generally expectant fathers take more interest during this last trimester. This is because they can feel the baby move and the reality of the impending birth makes them anxious and excited. A lot of women become more interested in how their bodies function during pregnancy, especially with a first pregnancy. They read everything they can to learn about this process. There are some common discomforts many women experience during the third trimester: Heartburn is caused by the large size of the baby and the stomach being pushed up. Usually cutting down on the size of meals will help with this problem. Eating several small meals is suggested. Another help is cutting out greasy ad spic foods. Again, the caution, do not take any over-the-counter medicines without your doctor’s approval. Shortness of breath is due to the size and activity of the baby. Taking deep breaths is a difficult task. Before delivery the baby “drops,” making breathing easier. Some women experience heart palpitations. The body volume has increased and sometimes the heart has to work overtime. However, the heart can stand the strain. Leg cramps are common, especially late in the pregnancy. These are often called “Charley Horses.” The woman must walk them off or relax until they subside. Providing the body with plenty of calcium is important. Sometimes taking extra calcium is helpful. Round ligament pains. Because of all the pressure on the ligaments in the lower abdomen, a mild to moderate pain sometimes occurs. There is a product called a SLING available at women’s personal departments. This helps support the abdomen and back, relieving pain and discomfort. The Baby The last trimester is mostly a time for the baby to grow and develop by developing a layer of fat. The organs develop and get ready for the baby to be born. The lungs develop in preparation for breathing and the baby is now head-down. It does not have room to roll around as in previous months. It still moves, but is not as active in the last few weeks because of limited space. By the end of the 38-40 weeks, the baby “drops” – giving the mother a little breathing space. DANGER SIGNALS As in the other trimesters, there are danger signals to watch for: Vaginal bleeding Sharp abdominal pain/cramping Loss of fluid Frequent dizzy spells Visual disturbances Nausea or vomiting Sudden and excessive swelling of face, hands, and feet Headache Burning, painful urinationFever Vaginal discharge Call your doctor if any of these problems occur. The recommended weight gain for an average woman during pregnancy is 25 to 30 pounds. This weight is distributed as follows: Baby – 7 ½ pounds Placenta – 1 ½ pounds Uterus – 2 pounds Amniotic Fluid – 1 ½ pounds Extra blood volume and water retention – 4 ½ pounds Breast tissue – 3 pounds Maternal stores of protein – 4 pounds ADD .doc HERE

### 04.06 Radical Equations

If after completing this lesson you can state without hesitation that...

Objectives:

1. I can solve radical equations
2. I can use the Pythagorean Theorem and distance formula to solve problems
3. I can solve radical equations
4. I can isolate the radical on one side of the equation
5. I understand the Pythagorean Theorem
6. I can solve for the unknown length of a side of a triangle
7. I understand the distance formula
8. I can solve for the distance between two points on a graph

…you are ready for the quiz. Otherwise, go back and review the material before moving on!

• Algebra Structure and Method, Book 1 (McDougal Littell) - Chapter 11

 Lesson 36 (Course Material)http://www.montereyinstitute.org/courses/Algebra%20IB/course...

### 04.06 Search Mechanisms (CompTech2007)

 Using Search Mechanisms This is a helpful chart to guide you on what search tool to use in various situations.

### 04.06 Search Mechanisms Activity

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 45 minutes

Assignment (OR9)

In the assignment section of the course you will UPLOAD the completed "Internet Searches Worksheet" that you filled out from the lesson materials above.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 5 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06 Section 4.3: Reimann Sums and Definite Integrals (Calculus)

 Section 4.3, Concept 1: Reimann Sums Read Concept 1, Example 1. Remember you are adding (summing) many rectangles' areas. The area of a rectangle is height times width. In Fig. 4.18, the height is f(c) (determined by the height of the curve) and the width is Δx. Your summation is simply summing height times width for every rectangle. If n = 3, you've got 3 rectangles; if n = 4, you sum up the area of 4 rectangles. But, if we have unequal rectangles, that width may not apply when i = 4. So, we need a general form for the distance or width of every rectangle. So, you subtract the ith interval from the (i-1)st interval. So, they substituted i-1 in for i in the formula for x sub i. Then simplified! Then, substituted that into the limit, with f(c) also substituted, and the limit is found. That limit is the area under that curve! Section 4.3, Concept 2: Definite Integrals Instead of writing limits, we are now going to use integral notation. And, we are going to specify limits of integration. These limits of integration are values a and b, that we want to find the area of a curve between. Read Example 2. What wrong with the answer? Is that the correct area? It isn't. So, simply computing the definite integral does not necessarily mean the area under the curve, because area below the x-axis is negative! Now complete problems 7, 9, 13-23 odd, 27, and 31. Assignment 6 Section 4.3: 7,9,13-23odd,27,31,41,43,45,46,47,51,53,69 Section 4.3, Concept 3: Properties of Definite Integrals These properties are critical to your being able to manipulate integrals and solve them with ease. You may want to keep a note paper of them as you read about them so you have them handy to refer to! Complete TB Assignment 6.

### 04.06 Section 4.3: Reimann Sums and Definite Integrals (Calculus)

 MIT OpenCourseWare Lecturehttp://ocw.mit.edu/courses/mathematics/18-01-single-variable...

### 04.06 Skimming Assignment

 teacher-scored 20 points possible 30 minutes

Following Directions: Click on the URL for “A Message for Garcia”.

a. Before reading the link, know that you will SKIM this text. In other words, do not read it word for word, simply skim it for the main ideas, key terms, read the first and last paragraph or the first sentence of each paragraph. Don’t hesitate to make notes on a separate sheet as you read.

b. Then, in 80 words or less, tell me what this reading is about (based on your skimming) and how it can be used to support the idea of following directions.

### 04.06 Space Text book (Earth Systems)

 teacher-scored 50 points possible 700 minutes

Assignment:

This is a BIG project. You are to write a textbook that documents many of the components of the space systems of which Earth is a part. Your textbook will contain four chapters, as outlined below.

· Be written in your own words (that means it should be easily understood by the typical high school freshman)

· Cover ALL of the information required

· Include illustrations and diagrams.

· Be scientifically accurate

· Be referenced. You MUST cite all information sources you use, including the addresses of all Internet sites.

· Include THREE multiple-choice questions for each chapter. The multiple-choice questions must have answers with them. Each chapter is worth 10 points. The entire project is worth 50 points. (10 points for the information included in each of the four chapters and an additional 10 points for having illustrations and multiple choice questions.)

Suggested Internet sites will be given for each chapter (see the URL's). You may use these sites, but you do not have to. You may use any sources of information available to you, provided that you reference them. Each chapter will probably be about three pages long.

You should include enough information to adequately cover the subject but I certainly do not expect a major research paper on each topic.

I STRONGLY suggest that you complete the first chapter and send it to me before working on the remaining three chapters. I will review your work and will tell you whether what you have done is satisfactory or if you need to invest more time and effort into your work. You may give your FOUR chapters any title of your choosing, but the contents of your chapters must be as follows:

Chapter One: The History of Cosmology

Cosmology is the scientific study of the large-scale properties of the Universe as a whole. Over the centuries, mankind’s ideas about the nature of the universe have changed significantly. In this chapter you will describe how the accepted ideas regarding the nature of the universe have changed in science throughout history.

In your chapter, include explanations of the ideas of the following individuals:

· The ancient Greeks · Ptolemy · Copernicus · Galileo · Kepler · Newton · Hubble · Einstein · ALSO, identify at least two examples of how technology has helped scientists investigate the universe. (HINT: The telescope is an example of technology.)

Do NOT copy the text from your sources word for word. I have read the information on the sites. I will recognize it if you cut and paste it into your text. You will FAIL the assignment if you cut and paste the information from your sources into your textbook. You MUST write it in your own words.

REMEMBER to include your three multiple-choice questions with answers. Your chapter should also have illustrations.

STOP! Send me your first chapter for review before you continue.

Chapter Two: Origin of the Universe

· Describe the Big Bang Theory. 1. What does the theory state? 2. When did the Big Bang occur?

3. What happened during the Bang?

4. What happened in the microseconds, seconds, minutes, and years after the Big Bang?

· Describe at least three pieces of evidence that support the Big Bang Theory, including:

1. Red shift evidence. What is a red shift? What does it tell us about the relative motion of a star or of the universe? Does the red shift indicate the universe is expanding or contracting?

2. Cosmic microwave background energy. Where does it come from? How does its presence support the Big Bang Theory?

3. The numbers and kinds of atoms found in the universe. There are many more hydrogen and helium atoms in the universe that any other kind of atoms. Where did they come from? How did they form? How does their relative abundance support the Big Bang Theory?

REMEMBER to include your three multiple-choice questions as well as your references. Also, write the text in your own words and include illustrations or diagrams.

Chapter Three: Star Life Cycles

· Describe the life cycle of a typical star.

· Compare life cycle of the sun to the life cycle of other stars.

· Hydrogen and helium (light elements) were formed during the Big Bang. Describe how the heavier elements were formed. (HINT: The answer has to do with the end of a star’s life!)

· While you are at it, explain the origin of heavy elements on Earth. Where did most of the matter on Earth come from? (HINT: The answer is the same as the answer to the preceding question!)

REMEMBER to include your three multiple-choice questions with answers. Also, document your sources and write the text in your own words. Have you included diagrams or illustrations?

Chapter Four: Life on Earth

· Describe the unique physical features of Earth’s environment that make life on Earth possible. Consider things like the atmosphere (including ozone layer and greenhouse gases), solar energy, and water.

· Choose two planets in our solar system and compare them to Earth.

Consider their:

1. average temperatures, low and high

2. location in the solar system

3. satellites

4. atmosphere

5. gravity

6. common elements

7. geology

8. other interesting facts

REMEMBER to include your three multiple-choice questions with answers. Also, write the text in your own words and identify your sources of information. Don’t forget your diagrams and/or illustrations!

Send your completed text to me.

GOOD LUCK AND HAVE FUN!!!!!!!!!

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 7 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06 Thesis My Thesis . . . - English 10

 teacher-scored 50 points possible 60 minutes

A specific subject THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA + a particular stand, feeling, or feature WAS SPECIFICALLY BUILT AS A DEFENSE SYSTEM = an effective thesis statement of purpose Sample Thesis Statements: 1. What is the Great Wall of China and why was it built? OR 2. Certain political forces were at work when the Great Wall of China was being developed as a defense system.

Refine your thesis statement according to the following checklist

Thesis Checklist Make sure your thesis statement… _____ identifies a limited, specific subject _____ focuses on a particular stand, feature, or feeling about the subject _____ is stated in a clear, direct sentence (or sentences) _____ can be supported with the convincing facts and details you have researched and included in your drafts _____ meets the requirements of the assignments and explains what you are wanting to present or prove to your readers

Write your finalized thesis statement.

You can use your original thesis phraseology, if it seems to meet the stated requirements, but make sure you have included the main idea that you have formulated throughout the research process of your topic.

Final Submission Inclusions: a. copy of the original thesis, labeled as thesis 1 b. copy of the new thesis, pasted below the old one and labeled as thesis 2 c. the body of the research paper needs to be attached below the two thesis statements Grading Criteria:

 Category Standards The student chooses a topic for research and formulates a thesis statement The student chooses a topic for research and makes modifications to the topic as information is gathered, then formulates a thesis statement that can be proven by the research. THESIS STATEMENT is clear, obvious, and outlines the (at least) three topics discussed in the BODY of the paper.

SAVE ALL OF YOUR WORK FROM THIS QUARTER

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 6 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06 Translating Functions - Extra Link (Math Level 1)

 Purplemath: Graphing Exponential Functions: Examples (page 3 only)http://www.purplemath.com/modules/graphexp3.htm

I highly recommend that you click on the link above and work through the material before continuing.

Guided Practice:
After watching the video try these problems. The worked solutions follow.

Example 1:

Write the parent function and the vertical shift for each of the following functions:

a) $\dpi{100} \fn_phv \fn_phv f(x)=3^{x}+2$

b) $\dpi{100} \fn_phv f(x)=(\frac{1}{2})^{x}-6$

Example 2:

Write the parent function and the vertical shift for each of the following functions:

a)

b)

Example 1:

Write the parent function and the vertical shift for each of the following functions:

a) f(x) = 3x + 2

Parent function: 3x

Vertical shift: 2

b) $\dpi{100} \fn_phv f(x)=(\frac{1}{2})^{x}-6$

Parent function: $\dpi{100} \fn_phv f(x)=(\frac{1}{2})^{x}$

Vertical shift: – 6

Example 2:

a)

Parent function: 2x

Vertical shift: 3 – 1 = 2 (see the blue line)

b)

Parent function: $\dpi{100} \fn_phv f(x)=(\frac{1}{2})^{x}$

Vertical shift: -1 – 1 = – 2

### 04.06 Unit 4 Quiz(Psychology)

 computer-scored 32 points possible 40 minutes

Be sure that you have completed all your assignments and have copies of them in front of you. Also have all your notes from the objectives handy. Review them once more before attempting this quiz. Remember, it's open note and book!!! You will need to score at least 80% on this quiz (that's 26 out of 32 points!) If you score BELOW this, then you will need to study your notes from the objectives and re-take the quiz. The test is taken from a pool of questions, so you never know exactly what questions will be asked.

### 04.06.00 Composition of Functions and Inverses (PreCalc)

 A composition is a function of a function. You can make interesting designs by making compositions. Spirographs Did you ever draw a spirograph? I loved doing this when I was a kid. Who doesn't! I always wanted to make my own designs, and tried to using cardboard. (They never worked very well, but I tired.) What do spirographs have to do with math? A spirograph is a pattern which gets repeated in a different pattern. It is a pattern within a pattern. A composition. Spirographs are not actually functions in the Cartesian coordinate system (later we will use polar systems, and spirogaphs are functions in that system). But you can imagine taking a function of a function. This will create a new function that has different properties from the original functions. You can download the attached files, or read the same content below.

### 04.06.00 WRITING AN OUTLINE

 You should be finished with your reading assignment novel by this point. For this assignment, you will be required to draft an outline for your essay which includes the theme you’ve chosen to write about and specific examples from the book that illustrate that theme. Here is an example: Theme: In coming from innocence to maturity, one has to confront evil and inequality in the world. Support: a) The Symbol of the killing of a mockingbird represents those who would attempt to harm or destroy innocence. Miss Maudie’s explanation that it is a sin to kill mockingbird shows the moral imperative to stand up for those who would be harmed by evil forces in a society. b) Children begin to confront their fear of Boo Radley. He begins as a superstition and gradually Lee begins to 'flesh' him out and he becomes more human. The children begin to change their opinions of him. c) Scout is able to hold on to faith and move forward, but Jem is more damaged by the revelation of the evil that racism is in his community. Scout’s name foreshadows her ability for forge the path from childhood to maturity while maintaining faith in humanity. Before you begin your outline, view the video at the link below. Make sure that you understand the distinction between "topic," "theme," and "thesis." If that isn't clear, let me know.

### 04.06.01

 teacher-scored 8 points possible 30 minutes

To help me evaluate your outline, make sure that you include the title of the novel.

Assessment Rubric:

 Content Outline shows clear theme. /4 Support Includes three supporting details or examples from novel /4

 How to Find a Themehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p4qME64SkxM

 Revision: from first to final draft: https://my.hamilton.edu/documents/writing-center/Revision_Fi...Proofread and editing checklist: http://www.proliteracy.org/downloads/PL_NB_web_WW_0911-2.pdf

### 04.06.01 Translating Functions - Worksheet (Math Level 1)

 teacher-scored 20 points possible 40 minutes

Activity for this lesson

1. Print the worksheet. Work all the problems showing ALL your steps.
2. Digitize (scan or take digital photo) and upload your worksheet activity

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06.01 Activity log week 6 (Fitness for Life)

 teacher-scored 65 points possible 120 minutes

Submit your activity log. To submit your work, scan or take a photo of your log and the form. Save as a .jpg, .pdf or .gif and go to Topic 3 on the main class page to upload the files. IMPORTANT: Please do not email logs, as this delays the grading process, since emails do not become submitted into the instructor's grade book. As a last resort, you may mail copies to your teacher's physical address.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 7 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06.01 Compositions (PreCalc)

 Taking the function of a function is called composition. You have actually done this before, you just probably didn't think of it like that. Consider h(x) = (3x2)5 You solve a similar problem in an earlier problem set. To simplify this, you raise the terms in the parenthesis to the 5th power. So h(x) = (3x2)5 = (3)5(x2)5 = 243x10 Easy enough. But if we look at that closely, we can break h(x) into 2 functions: ƒ(y) = y5 g(x) = 3x2 Then we can combine these to make h(x). This is an important “function” of functions, so it has its own name, composition, and it has a special notation h(x) = (ƒ ° g)(x)= ƒ (g(x)) You read this as “h of x equals ƒ of g of x”. Is (ƒ°g)(x) the same as (g°ƒ)(x) ? Well, let's check our 2 functions. (ƒ °g)(x)=(3x2)5=243 x10 (g° ƒ)(x)=3(x5)2=3 x10 These are not equal. So (ƒ °g)(x)≠(g° ƒ)(x) Let's do another example. Consider This can be “decomposed” in several different ways. We could decompose it as g(x) = x3 But ƒ(y) looks like that could also be decomposed into So and which means that So, you can take compositions of compositions. Cool. One last note about compositions. When you take a composition of 2 functions, the domain of the new function is limited by the domains of the original 2 functions. For example, consider the functions ƒ(x) = x2 The function ƒ(x) = x2 has a domain from −∞ < x < ∞ , but the function g(x) = has the limited domain of -3 ≤ x ≤ 3. If we take the composition (ƒ °g)(x) we find Which has a limited range, but should have an infinite domain. But it doesn't really. Try graphing with your graphing calculator. Do you get the same thing as when you graph y= 32 - x2? You should get something like this. The limited domain of the original function continues to limit the domain of the new function. This will be important later. Your turn: Rewrite as a composition of 2 functions.

### 04.06.01 Drawing Pictures Activity

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 20 minutes

Upload a picture of the picture you drew during the Drawing Pictures Activity.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 5 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06.01 Lesson 4F: “¿Cuál(es)? - Which? (Spanish I)

 computer-scored 15 points possible 20 minutes

**Assignment 04.06.01: “¿Cuál(es)? - Which?**: You got this, find the button: and click on it!

### 04.06.01 Narrative Brainstorming

 teacher-scored 5 points possible 8 minutes

The first assignment for this section is to brainstorm a list of 25 things that come to mind about “love and relationships.”

Make a list of things you could write about and then narrow down your topic.

Your brainstorm can be in any form--freewriting, mindwebs, lists, etc.

Narrowing down a topic can be the hardest part of writing. The key to a good narrative is a good idea, and one that is manageable. Don't try to tell about your entire first date, relating every step of the day. Instead, try focusing on a single moment with all the details and showing your experience. Don't overwhelm the reader with too much 'fluff' -- focus on the details and be creative.

Narrative Brainstorm Scoring Rubric
4 points= includes a list of possible topics
1 point= chosen topic is somehow highlighted in the "brainstorm"
5 Points Total

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 5 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06.01 Quiz 36

 computer-scored 10 points possible 45 minutes

If you are certain you have mastered the material, you are ready for the quiz. Click on the Quiz 36 link.

### 04.06.01 Stages of Development(Childdev1)

 teacher-scored 40 points possible 60 minutes

Assignment 4.6 - Stages of Development

After going through the material for this lesson, describe the fetal development and the effects on the mother for each of the nine months of a pregnancy.

You may want to copy and paste the information below into a word processor (i.e. Microsoft Word or WordPerfect) and complete your work. Then you MUST copy and paste the information into the submission area of the assignment that corresponds to this lesson which is found in Topic 3.

You may use the following format to submit your work: (Copy and paste everything between the asterisks.)
**********************************************************************

First Month
a. Fetal Development:
b. Effects on Mother:
Second Month
a. Fetal Development:
b. Effects on Mother:
Third Month
a. Fetal Development:
b. Effects on Mother:
Fourth Month
a. Fetal Development:
b. Effects on Mother:
Fifth Month
a. Fetal Development:
b. Effects on Mother:
Sixth Month
a. Fetal Development:
b. Effects on Mother:
Seventh Month
a. Fetal Development:
b. Effects on Mother:
Eighth Month
a. Fetal Development:
b. Effects on Mother:
Ninth Month
a. Fetal Development:
b. Effects on Mother:

**************************************************************

### 04.06.02

 teacher-scored 44 points possible 60 minutes

Assessment Rubric:

 Content Interesting introduction; clear thesis statement; shows understanding of novel and the theme. /4 Support Supporting paragraphs include detail which is specific and directly supports your analysis. /4 Clarity Writing is clear, focused and well organized. /4 Organization Essay is organized so that the ideas follow logically from one to the next. /4 Conventions No significant errors in grammar, usage, punctuation or spelling. /4 Extra Points Rough Draft is included. /4 Extra Points Reading guide is complete and shows thought & effort. /20

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06.02 Drawing Pictures Comparison

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 30 minutes

Take the exact same directions to a friend or family member and ask them to complete the activity. (Do not show them your drawing until they are finished with theirs.) Compare your drawing with your friend/family member’s drawing. Talk to them about the differences in the two drawings and explain to each other why you drew it the way you did.

Journal Entry

Using complete sentences, answer the following:

1. What differences did you notice in the two drawings?
2. Why were there so many differences?
3. What does following directions have to do with computers?

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 5 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06.02 Identity (PreCalc)

 Remember that an identity is something that doesn't change whatever you started with? So in numbers, we have 2 identities: the additive identity, 0, and the multiplicative identity, 1. Specifically: In matrices we also had an additive identity matrix, and a multiplicative identity matrix. The 2x2 additive and multiplicative identity matrices are shown below So given a matrix We have So, these are examples of some identities. Previously we stated that the function ƒ(x) = x is the identity function. This is because when we take a composition of any function, g(x), with the identity, or a composition of the identity with any function, g(x), the result is the original function, g(x). Consider the function g(x) and the identity function ƒ(y). g(x) = x2 + 4x ƒ(y) = y Now find (ƒ °g)(x) and (g°ƒ)(x) . To find (ƒ°g)(x) we insert the function g(x) every time there is a y in ƒ(y). Likewise, to find (g° ƒ)(x) we substitute y with ƒ(x) every time it appears in g(y). This gives us (ƒ °g)(x) = (x2 + 4x) = g(x) (g°ƒ)(x) = (x)2 + 4(x) = g(x) And that is how the identity function is defined. Your turn. 3. Given ƒ(x) = x, g(y) = 7 y4, and h(z) = , show that (ƒ °g)(x) = g(x) , (g° ƒ)(x) = g(x) , (ƒ °h)(x) = h(x) , and (h° ƒ)(x) = h(x).

### 04.06.02 Writing Assignment (Math Level 1)

 teacher-scored 30 points possible 45 minutes

As a mathematics teacher, I often hear the question, “When am I ever going to use this?” from students who fail to understand the practical worth of mathematical competency.

Write an essay (at least 3 paragraphs and at least 100 words) answering that question regarding specific topics presented this quarter.

If necessary, research possible occupations you are considering. If you can’t think of any possible way you will use this, research possible reasons for studying this type of math.

Rubric

 Criteria Description Points Introduction (one paragraph) Stage is set for the body of the essay 6 Sentence Structure Complete and correct sentences; sentence variation – simple, compound, complex 5 Mechanics Proper punctuation, capitalization, grammar, and spelling 5 Organization Clear and logical order; smooth transitions among sentences, ideas, and paragraphs 8 Conclusion (one paragraph) Nice summary statement(s) 6

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06.03 Inverses (PreCalc)

 An inverse will return the identity when the operation is performed. For example, consider the number . We need to find a number that when added to will give us the additive identity, 0. Perhaps you already know that - is that number. So - is the additive inverse of , and In a similar manner, the multiplicative inverse of can be found by looking for a number that will return 1 when it is multiplied by . You may realize that the multiplicative inverse of is 1⁄, and In quarter 1, we found the multiplicative inverses of 2x2 matrices, and verified that these were inverses. ￼￼￼ To find the inverse function for an arbitrary function, g(x), we look for a function that will return the identity function when composed with g(x). We denote the inverse of g(x) as g-1(x). (This notation is similar to the inverse of matrices.) This means that (g°g−1)(x)=(g−1°g)(x) = x Also similar to matrices, not all functions have an inverse. For an inverse to exist, the original function must be one-to-one. This means that ƒ(x) = x3 has an inverse, but ƒ(x) = x2 does not. It is possible to find a partial inverse to a function that is not one-to-one by limiting the domain. Below are the steps of finding an inverse: Write the equation. Exchange the x and y variables. So initially you had y = ƒ(x), you should now have x = ƒ(y). Solve the equation for y. The result will be the inverse function of ƒ(x). Example: Consider the function g(x) = 2 x - 5 write this as an equation y = 2 x -5 exchange the x and y variables x = 2 y -5 solve for y x +5 = 2 y - 5 +5 this is the inverse of g(x) You should be able to follow these steps to find the inverse of any one-to-one function. So, let's do that. 4. Given ƒ(x) = 3 x - 2, find ƒ-1(x). 5. Show that (ƒ°ƒ−1)(x) = (ƒ−1°ƒ)(x) = x

### 04.06.03 Unit 04 Review Quiz (Math Level 1)

 teacher-scored 53 points possible 45 minutes

Unit Review Quiz

1. Print the quiz. Work all the problems showing ALL your steps.
2. Digitize (scan or take digital photo) and upload your quiz.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06.04 Inverses of Power Functions (PreCalc)

 It is fairly easy to find the inverse of the power functions. You remember that the roots are defined as the inverses of the powers. So the inverse of . In a similar manner, the inverse ￼of . Since only one-to-one functions have inverses, only powers raised to fractions with both odd numerators and odd denominators have inverses. (This includes the integers, as an integer can be treated as a fraction with 1 as the denominator.) In general, the power inverses are found by the following: given where m and n are odd integers. So for example, let then Let's check this. Find (h°h−1)(x) and (h−1°h)(x) . To make it clearer, write h(x) and h-1(x) as radicals. Or we can use the rules of exponents to do this. This is a bit easier to do. ￼￼￼￼Both compositions have a result of x. This means that is indeed the inverse of . We also can find the inverses of functions with even numbers in either the numerator or denominator by limiting the domain. Remember, ƒ(x) = x2 was not a one-to-one function, but was. Of course, g(x) is only defined for positive numbers. By limiting the domain of ƒ(x) to only the positive numbers, then we are able to find inverses for both ƒ(x) and g(x). This means that given ƒ(x) = x2 ƒ-1(x) does not exist, but if we only allow , then ƒ(x) = x2; likewise given g-1(x) = x2; . You should be able to find the inverse of all power functions in the same way. Your turn. 6. 7. Show that ƒ-1(x), and g-1(x) are inverses of ƒ(x) and g(x).

### 04.06.05 Graphing Inverses (PreCalc)

 The graph of any inverse is found by reflecting the function across the line y = x. If the function is not one-to-one, the resulting reflection will not actually be a function. Consider the following graphs. In the first image, ƒ(x) = x3 and are clearly inverse functions. In the second image, while the graph of ƒ(x) = x2 is a function, the reflected graph is not. This means that the function ƒ(x) = x2 does not have an inverse. Of course, we can limit the domain of ƒ(x) = x2 to positive numbers. If we do this, the resulting function does have an inverse, as shown here. has the inverse This is valid for all the power functions. If there is an even number in either the numerator or denominator, the function does not have an inverse, except for over the limited domain of (or x > 0 if the exponent is negative). If the function has odd numbers in both the numerator and denominator, the function has an inverse over its entire domain, (−∞,∞) for positive powers and (−∞,0)∪(0,∞) for negative powers. Consider the following functions of negative powers. The function has an inverse of if you limit the domain to x > 0. Similarly, does not have an inverse, but would with a limited domain. On the other hand has as an inverse for its entire domain (which is limited, but it is the same domain), and vice-versa. Now it is your turn. Given the following graphs, find the graph of their inverse functions. Indicate if the inverse exists for the entire domain, or only for a limited domain. Answers: (ƒ°g)(x) = ƒ(g(x)) = 7x4 = g(x) (g° ƒ )(x) = g( ƒ (x)) = 7x4 = g(x) ƒ-1(x) exists for the full domain of ƒ(x). ƒ-1(x) has a domain of x > 0, therefore the inverse of ƒ(x) does not exist for the full domain of ƒ(x). ƒ-1(x) has a limited domain of x ≥ 0, which corresponds to the full domain of ƒ(x).

### 04.06.06 Compositions of Functions and Inverses, Review (PreCalc)

 In this lesson we learned about compositions, identities, and inverses. Composition of a function: Given ƒ(y), g(x), then h(x) = (ƒ ° g)(x) = ƒ (g(x)) , read "ƒ of g of x", is found by replacing y with g(x) in ƒ(y). It is important to remember that ( ƒ ° g)(x) ≠ (g ° ƒ )(x) . Identity: The identity function is the function ƒ(x) = x. this function has the property that when a composition of the identity is taken with an arbitrary function g(x), or vice-versa, it returns the original function g(x). That is (ƒ ° g)(x) = (g ° ƒ)(x) = g(x) . Inverse: The inverse function, ƒ-1(x), is a function that when a composition of ƒ(x) is taken with its inverse, or vice-versa, the identity is returned. That is (ƒ ° ƒ−1)(x) = (ƒ−1 ° ƒ)(x) = x . Only one-to- one functions have inverses, although a partial inverse can be found by limiting the domain (either of the function or the inverse). To find the inverse of a function, follow these steps: Write the equation. Exchange the x and y variables. So initially you had y = ƒ(x), you should now have x = ƒ(y). Solve the equation for y. The result will be the inverse function of ƒ(x). Inverse of Power Functions: Given , then where m and n are odd integers. If m and/or n are even integers, then a partial inverse can be found by limiting the domain (either of the function of or the inverse). Graphing Inverse Functions: The graph of an inverse function is found by reflecting the function across the line y = x. The function ƒ(x) = x3 and its inverse, are shown.

### 04.06.07 Compositions of Functions and Inverses - Links (PreCalc)

 Properties of Inverse Functionshttp://www.analyzemath.com/inversefunction/properties_invers...

Use these links for supplemental instruction or additional practice.

### 04.06.08 Introduction to Functions -- Assignment 7 (PreCalc)

 teacher-scored 80 points possible 120 minutes

Complete

Unit 04 -- Introduction to Functions -- Assignment 7
Composition of Functions and Inverses

In this assignment you will need prove you can work with compositions and inverses.

Print out the attached assignment and complete the assignment in the space provided and complete the graphs on graph paper or on the computer with an appropriate graphing program. You may use additional paper if needed. Once you have completed the assignment, scan it into the computer and convert it to an image file such as .pdf or .jpg. You may need to practice scanning pencil drawings so that you produce a clear, easily readable image. Finally, upload the image using the assignment submission window for this assignment. Alternately, you may wish to type the answers into a word processing document, convert this to an .rtf file, and upload this. If you do this, be sure to include the questions as well as the answers.

This assignment is worth 80 points.

Complete this assignment after reading Lesson 6.

### 04.08 Quarter Review (Biology)

 This is a review for you to prepare for the final test.

TO DO

Complete:

• 04.08.01 Quarter Review

Proctored Final:  Once you earn at least 60% on each assignment and 80% on each quiz module 4 will open.  Once Module 4 is open you will need to:

• Complete the Ready Assignment.
• Right under the Ready Assignment, there is a link with a list of proctors. The proctors are listed by county. Select a proctor from the list.
• Contact the proctor (via e-mail or phone) and make arrangements to take the final.
• When you show up to take the final the proctor will type in the password and you will be ready to go.
• In order to earn 0.25 biology credit, you need to get at least 60% on the final.
• To prepare for the final I recommend you understand the concepts from assignment 04.08.01 and the quizzes.

### 04.08 Units 1 through 4 Online Test

 computer-scored 102 points possible 20 minutes

Go to the link below and take the online test. You will only be allowed one attempt at this test and it has a 20 minute time limit.

### 04.08.01 Quarter Review (Biology)

 teacher-scored 30 points possible 90 minutes

Your answers must be VERY DETAILED. Copy all information below between the lines of asterisks, including the lesson number, revision date and all questions into a word document.

***************************************************************
ASSIGNMENT 04.08.01 - REVISION DATE: 10/11/13 (Copy everything between the asterisks.)

4th quarter Biology final study guide

Make sure you understand all of your assignments and this study guide.

1. Where in a mammal would mitosis take place?

2. Where in a mammal would meiosis take place?

3. Where in a plant would mitosis take place?

4. Where in a plant would meiosis take place?

5. Explain the difference between identical and fraternal twins related?

6. Which nucleotide does guanine bond with?

7. Which nucleotide does adenine bond with?

8. What is genetic engineering?

9. When diagramming a segment of DNA what does:

• G stand for?
• T stand for?
• A stand for?
• C stand for?
• How do the nucleotides pair up?

10. What is asexual reproduction? Give an example of an organism that reproduces asexually. How does asexual reproduction help the survival of a species?

11. Draw and label the structural shape of DNA.

12. Explain mRNA and how the different nucleotides combine.

13. What is contained in the nucleus of a cell? Do all cells have a nucleus?

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 05.01.05 Panama Canal Quiz (World Geography)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 30 minutes

Panama Canal-

First, check out these two videos about the Panama Canal:

http://www.metacafe.com/watch/1063460/through_panama_canal_in_75_seconds/

and

http://www.5min.com/Video/Discover-the-Panama-Canal-228514752

http:/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panama_Canal

Use the information you gain to answer the following questions:

1. What limits the size of ships that can use the Panama Canal?
2. Why is the Panama Canal important?
3. Who operates the Panama Canal?
4. What were the three major engineering jobs necessary to dig the canal?
5. What was the greatest obstacle to building the canal?
6. How did the Spanish-American War affect the canal?
7. How long does it take a ship to pass through the Panama Canal?
8. Summarize the history of the Panama Canal in a five-sentence paragraph.
9. What did you find surprising or interesting about the Canal when
you viewed the two videos? List three things here:

a.

b.

c.

***70% or higher is required to pass any assignment***

### 05.01.06 Rainforest Pop-up Book/ Interactive Power Point (World Geography)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 120 minutes

You will create a childrens lift-a-flap book illustrating the parts of a rainforest, animals that live in a rainforest, and the interaction of man with the rainforest. You may also use power point for this project, but make sure it is INTERACTIVE.

TASKS: Create a story line that will teach a child about the rainforest.

* These topics must be found in your story
o structure of the rainforest
o animals found in the forest
o indigenous people of the forest
o effects of deforestation

* Create illustrations for your books and place windows in them. Mount the illustrations on top of a second sheet and place the text material behind the windows. MAKE SURE THAT COLOR IS ADDED TO THE BOOK!!!

Refer to the web sites to help you investigate the rainforest. Cite the sources at the back of the book or power point.

Search the web for at least two other sites on the rainforest for information and put those sites URL (address) on the last page of your book.

The book can be sent in through surface mail, or digital pictures of the book can be taken and sent in electronically. If you choose to send the digital pictures, be sure to take pictures with your flaps both closed and open. The Power Point can be sent via the submissions in the assignment or via e-mail.

The following criteria will be use to evaluate your book:
1. Is the major idea clear and easily identified?
2. Are the pages and illustration well organized and attractively displayed? What is the overall appearance of the book?
3. Is the text information effective and tied into the main idea?
4. Is the major idea backed up by the supporting information and is all information accurate?

Here are some more links that give some information about the rainforest.

***70% or higher is required to pass any assignment***

### 05.02 Sentences, clauses, and phrases (Writing lab)

 When we write or talk, we use groups of words. For the sake of simplicity, we have names for different kinds of groups of words - so that we can talk or write about our talking or writing. The key unit of written communication is the sentence. A sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a period, question mark or exclamation point. It is the smallest group of words that can stand alone (often it is said to "express a complete thought"). A sentence always has a subject and a predicate (though sometimes the subject may be understood rather than expressed, as in "Get out of here!", where the subject is understood to be "You"). A clause is a group of words that has a subject and a predicate. A clause may be: an independent clause(in which case it may be a whole sentence by itself, or a part of a complex sentence), or a dependent clause, also called a subordinate clause (in which case it must be part of a complex or compound sentence). A dependent clause is not missing any parts - the thing that makes it dependent is an extra word (or words), usually a conjunction which is meant to link or relate it to an independent clause. For example: I stayed up late so that I could study. "I stayed up late" is an independent clause, which could stand alone as a sentence. "So that I could study" is a dependent clause which can't stand alone as a sentence, but ONLY because the words "so that" link it to the first clause. If you left out "so that", "I could study" could be a complete sentence on its own. A phrase is a group of words working together to function as a single part of speech. It may have a subject, or a predicate, but doesn't necessarily have either, and never has both. Here are some examples of phrases: going to Georgia caused various problems up the stairs the strongest man in the county A simple sentence has only one clause (though it may have many phrases). Examples of simple sentences: Marian slept. The cat and dog chased each other around the house. Tom ordered a milkshake. The house has a spiral staircase, two stained glass windows, and a balcony. We stopped for groceries, talked to friends, and drove home. Before starting chores, they changed clothes. A compound sentence has two independent clauses connected by a coordinating conjunction (commonly, and, or, but, & so). Examples of compound sentences: We won the first game, so we had to stay for the finals. I finished running errands, but I was late. Margaret can go to the carnival, or Jared can go to the movie. He was happy, and he was pleased with his son. Another, much less common kind of compound sentence has two independent clauses connected by a semicolon and a conjunctive adverb (such as: then, thus, however, also, nevertheless, similarly, for example, in addition). Examples: We won the first three rounds; however, we lost in the finals. She told her mother; furthermore, she left a note on the refrigerator. A complex sentence has one independent clause and one dependent clause. Either clause can come first, and the dependent (sometimes called subordinate) clause begins with a subordinating conjunction (such as: because, since, that, before, after, in spite of, although, if, while, until, when, where, unless), or a relative pronoun (which, who, that). Examples of complex sentences: After we started home, we quickly got lost. We got lost after we started home. Because she was wearing white, she didn't want to fall in the mud. Lois wouldn't have minded getting muddy if she had been wearing jeans. Unless George is going to drive, Tyler can't go. Desrie likes Robert in spite of the fact that he wears twelve earrings. We went to see Paul, who is my favorite brother. [who, which, that & what can act both as the subordinating conjunction and as the subject of the dependent clause] As you might guess, a compound-complex sentence has both two independent clauses, and at least one dependent clause, in any order. Examples of compound-complex sentences: Marty was hungry, so after they finished cleaning up, they bought a pizza. Before the test started, Jeremy got sick, and Brent passed out. More explanation & examples about simple, compound, and complex sentences: A simple sentence can be stripped down to its single subject & verb. Here is a long simple sentence: Hoping to meet her brother on the evening before their departure, she carefully planned a schedule to help with her preparations. Why is this a simple sentence? Because if you get rid of all the extra modifiers, it strips down to "she planned a schedule". It has only one clause. You might think of a clause as a basic subject/verb unit. If you think of it that way, you can see that this is still a single clause even though the subject & verb are compound: George and Terry stopped and waited. It is one unit of meaning. Compound sentences: On the other hand, if we say "George stopped, and Terry waited," now we have two clauses - two units of meaning. Each unit has its own subject doing a unique thing. We could also say "George stopped, but Terry waited," or "George stopped, so Terry waited." Any of those three are compound sentences because they consist of two independent clauses, connected by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, so, or). Complex sentences The other way of connecting clauses involves subordinating conjunctions, which suggest how one of the units of meaning depends on the other. If we say "Because George stopped, Terry waited," we have a complex sentence - one independent clause (terry waited) with at least one dependent, or subordinate, clause (because George stopped). In many cases we can reverse the order of the clauses ("Terry waited because George stopped.)" A complex sentence can have clauses nested inside of clauses: Because Terry was waiting ~ while George was stopped,~ the whole convoy came to a halt~ until the tow truck arrived~ so that George's car could be hauled back home~ where a mechanic was waiting to fix it ~so that he could continue on with everyone else. That has seven clauses! Only one (the whole convoy came to a halt) is independent. Compound/complex sentences More often, complicated sentences use both ways of connecting clauses, so they have two or more independent clauses AND one or more dependent (subordinate) clauses: George stopped ~ and Terry waited ~ while the rest of the group caught up. (Two independent clauses and one dependent clause)

### 05.02.01 Chapter 5 Assignment 1 - Random Symbols (while) (C++)

 teacher-scored 20 points possible 60 minutes

Do this assignment and submit it under Topic 3.

Write a C++ program using a while loop to display 20 random symbols using the characters ! - @ associated with the code numbers 33 - 64.

Example:

Random Symbols
#&(@!^9&$)-78_%$&!.*

### 05.06 Cults and extreme movements (Sociology)

 teacher-scored 25 points possible 45 minutes

Perhaps you have heard of situations in which powerful leaders influenced group members to take their own lives or perform other acts that seem hard for a rational person to believe. In this lesson you will examine some of these occurrences, and see what extreme movements have in common.

To begin this lesson, write a one-page report on various cult suicides. Be sure to talk about Jonestown, as well as The People's Temple and Heavens Gate. Use the video clip and website in the URL's and the article below for information.

__________________

SAN FRANCISCO EXAMINER
(San Francisco, CA)
Nov. 8, 1998, pp.

Reprinted with permission from the San Francisco Examiner. (c) 1998 San Francisco Examiner. This article accessed from the SIRS database, available free to all Utah students through http://www.pioneer.uen.org.

DAYS OF DARKNESS: NOVEMBER 1978
Utopian Nightmare--Jonestown: What Did We Learn?
by Larry D. Hatfield

… James Warren Jones was born May 13, 1931, in a tattered town called Crete in Indiana. He was different from the beginning--a Holy Roller preacher as a child, selling spider monkeys on the streets of Indianapolis to buy food as a young student and modeling himself after Father Divine, whose Peace Mission drew a cult following at the time. In a credo that would refine and warp itself until the end, he developed a set of professed beliefs, sometimes called "apostolic socialism," that ignored God while deifying social justice and worshipping the slavific power of socialism.

He became a student minister at an Indiana Methodist church in 1952. He left the Methodists because the church wouldn't desegregate, and in the 1950s founded the movement that would take various names as it evolved into Peoples Temple. In 1965, Jones and his wife, Marceline, brought the nascent temple and a handful of the faithful to California, the promised land for alternative religions.

A CHURCH IN REDWOOD VALLEY

The Joneses and their rainbow family of adopted children and about 70 followers set up in the sylvan Redwood Valley near Ukiah where relations between them and the laidback locals were uneasy but generally peaceful.

Jones quickly relocated his church to the bigger and more lucrative markets of San Francisco and Los Angeles. He moved Peoples Temple into an abandoned synagogue in The City's Fillmore district.

While attracting a growing congregation of urban blacks, he used his considerable intellectual and acting skills to bring onto his bandwagon many of San Francisco's leading politicians.

Current Mayor Brown was one of Jones' biggest cheerleaders, hailing him as a blend of Martin Luther King, Einstein and Mao. Then-Lt. Gov. Mervyn Dymally was another. Mayor George Moscone was still another, naming Jones to head his Housing Commission and, some said, owing his razor-thin election to the few hundred illegal voters Jones allegedly and other seekers were hearing from Jones' pulpit.

…But the politics of the day also fed the paranoia in Jones. He believed the government was conspiring to continue the war in Vietnam and spy on such groups as the Black Panthers. The government was not to be trusted.

The government also was working covertly against Jones and the temple, seeking to short-circuit the drive for a better society. Jones believed all this and so, to an almost universal extent, did the Temple congregation.

So Jones moved the temple and 1,000 or so followers to Guyana's outback, winning a 25-year lease on 3,852 acres in the Orinoco River basin near the disputed border with Venezuela.

A small group of temple pioneers moved in 1974 to what was to become Jonestown, far from the hostile attacks of media, government and others. The lease from the Guyana government required the Peoples Temple Agricultural Project to "cultivate and beneficially occupy" at least one-fifth of the land by 1976.

Temple members raised livestock and grew pineapple, cassava, eddoes and other tropical fruits and vegetables. Charles Garry, Peoples Temple's San Francisco lawyer, called it a paradise.

But there was trouble in paradise. The camp never became agriculturally self-sustaining and the swift tropical diseases of the jungle ran rampant. At the end, only a third of the residents were able-bodied. Worse, critics said, it was a prison camp--people were not allowed to leave. Abusive practices such as beatings and forced sex, long-rumored but little-reported at the San Francisco church, escalated. Jones' deteriorating mental stability made him increasingly erratic and he demanded utter, unquestioning loyalty.

Agencies from the State Department and the CIA to the Internal Revenue Service and the Postal Service were investigating or taking legal action against Peoples Temple for mail fraud, wresting Social Security checks from members, arms and narcotics trafficking, and other crimes, real or imagined.

Aiding and abetting the conspiracy in the eyes of Jones and his followers were the few temple defectors and families of members who were getting attention from the hostile North American media.

Against this background, Jones, who was white, and his predominantly white inner circle had faithful followers practice mass suicide in a series of "white nights." Such a drastic end was the only possible response to the vast and growing outside threat, Jones preached. The people believed him.

CONGRESSMAN'S VISIT

The final act began to unfold when Ryan, a respected Democratic congressman from San Mateo County with a taste for headlines, lead a delegation of newsmen and a group of family members called the Concerned Relatives to Jonestown to investigate allegations of thought control, imprisonment, drug- and gun-running.

Ryan was knifed--superficially--during the visit. When he was ready to leave, several Jonestown residents asked to leave with him, an action that apparently triggered the subsequent massacre of Ryan, Robinson and the others at Port Kaituma.

The incredible scene of mass death quickly followed at Jonestown.

"We died because you would not let us live," wrote temple insider Annie Moore in her suicide note.

Among those who survived was Jim Jones' son, Stephan, who was away with the camp's basketball team. It was left to the younger Jones, who had broken with his father and since has denounced him repeatedly, to declare Jim Jones' most durable epitaph. In a recent ABC television visit to Jonestown, Stephan Jones said simply, "My father was a fraud."

While no one denies that Jones was a madman, some feel the people of Jonestown have been unfairly characterized as mindless zombies.

"The people who died in Jonestown were sweet, altruistic people. One the of the tragedies of Jonestown is that people haven't paid attention to that," says Timothy Stoen, whose son, John Victor, died at Jonestown. Stoen played a pivotal role in a custody battle with Jones that helped precipitate the murder-suicides. Among Ryan's reasons for going to Guyana was the custody fight.

"No single theory could possibly explain the many complex and related issues that led the members of the Peoples Temple to leave family, friends and church communities and take residence in the jungle of Jonestown," says Archie Smith Jr., professor of pastoral psychology at the Pacific School of Religion and Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley. "Labeled by many as sick, dysfunctional or disadvantaged, (they) were seeking an alternative to the status quo, new and just ways of living and being in the world."

"Amidst all the attention that was focused on Jim Jones, the people were accorded scarcely any respect as thinking, feeling, caring human beings....The dehumanizing of the victims of Jonestown by the journalistic community was tantamount to the withholding of permission to grieve."

TRAGIC CHANGE IN DIRECTION

Maaga says the lessons of Jonestown are to be learned by trying to figure out why the committed veered so tragically from their vision of a better world.

"I think things went right earlier in the movement," Maaga says, pointing to the temple's successful social programs in San Francisco.

"What we should be talking about is what went right and when did it go wrong," she said, suggesting the answers might prevent similar tragedies. "I don't think Peoples Temple was a singular example of a self-righteous religion gone horribly awry.

"What was important about it was what they (the members) were--as people--not just how they died."

Rebecca Moore, a University of North Dakota professor of religion and philosophy, lost her sisters Carolyn Layton and Annie Moore at Jonestown, as well as her nephew, Jim-Jon Prokes.

She says some of the still-unexplored questions are whether people in San Francisco could have prevented the tragedy by reining in Jones before he was all-powerful and crazy; what responsibility Willie Brown and others had before and after the catastrophe; and the role of the black church.

"At times I despair that we've learned nothing," Moore says. "By that I mean that people continue to demonize (Jones) and forget the others.

"As a society we fail to take seriously the very strong and powerful desire, or hunger, for community, a community of people working for social change. The people in Jonestown were trying to create a Utopian society, racial justice and social equality. Granted, there were internal contradictions, but they were one of the few groups intentionally addressing the problem of racism and trying concretely to do something about it."

The media, Moore says, almost always dwells on the dead bodies and on Jones himself; the government has swept under the rug all understanding of Jonestown and of its own role. No official inquiry was held in the United States and the Guyanan investigation was almost laughably superficial.

Jonestown, Berkeley's Smith warns, "was not an anomaly. Rather, it was a product of the evolving ethos of our time, an ethos that tends to repress and trivialize the essentially religious impulse. The social and historical forces that gave rise to Jonestown 20 years ago operate today."

A CENTRAL LESSON UNLEARNED

"Perhaps the biggest heartache of all," Sawyer says, "is that our country and our churches still have not sought an answer to the question of why the people joined this movement, and so still have not discerned the central lesson of Jonestown. Why, indeed, were white idealists and black Christians drawn to a movement that promised them sanctuary from America's failure to honor her promises of equality and justice?

"Churches, like the public, were so horrified they psychologically needed to distance themselves...to handle the reality of it. Most people know what Jonestown is but if you say Peoples Temple, people will have a blank look. They don't know there was a longstanding social change movement.

"And they're no more informed today than they were 20 years ago. I hope this anniversary will not be just a replay of Jim Jones as a crazy man but that there is some conscientious effort to make America understand. It takes two or three decades before people start asking the right questions....There hasn't been that kind of soul-searching.

"It's important to do this. We have to have sense of the wounds that are still there."

"What should we be talking about?" asks Jackie Speier, who was elected to the California Assembly after the tragedy and on Tuesday was elected to the state Senate.

"We should be talking about the fact that the menace of cults still lingers. Cults are still around. They're all around us. Many continue to operate under the guise of being religious, under the guise of religiosity and the First Amendment, violating state and federal laws (while) the government again looks the other way."

Dr. Hardat Sukhdeo, a Guyana-born psychiatrist who treated Jonestown survivors, says the conditions that created Peoples Temple could create a similar movement.

People joined the temple because "they needed to have this type of togetherness and leadership and somebody to tell them what to do and when to do it," said Sukhdeo, of Rutgers University.

Sukhdeo sees the majority of temple members, mostly black, as largely alienated and at sea. The Peoples Temple was more of a place to improve their own lives than to achieve the societal do-goodism espoused by young whites who joined.

"They wanted something like the cult to say, 'Yes, we know the truth. Yes, we have the answers.' They were lost, they were angry and they didn't feel they belonged to society."

Nothing has changed, he says: Groups such as Branch Davidian and Heaven's Gate prove that the attraction to cults remains.

A DISTRUST OF RELIGION

The Rev. Robert Warren Cromey, rector of San Francisco's Trinity Episcopal Church, says that a "sad part of Jonestown is it has sent a message of distrust of religion, particularly the small sect religions....(There is) a sense of 'if you're religious, this is what might happen to you.'

"But on the positive side, people are looking more critically before getting involved in religious programs, especially the more fringe type of things. Look at the kind of scrutiny now given to Hare Krishna, Scientology and the like. That's as it should be."

Timothy Stoen also warns of the dangers of cults.

"There are a lot of Jim Jones wannabes out there," said Stoen, who recently moved to Colorado Springs from Mendocino. "...You can't wish them away...(but) one hopefully can learn from (Peoples Temple) that these things can be lethal and there comes a point early on when you can do something about it."

The psychological isolation that leads people to seek groups like Peoples Temple still exists, he says, urging families of cultists to ask questions, challenge the groups and otherwise get involved.

"People just have to take an even-handed look that this is kind of a sign of our times--people need structure, community, etc. If mainline churches don't provide it, there'll be cults. Those cults will be there serving some sort of need."

__________________

What makes people follow extreme leaders and do such tragic and often uncharacteristic things?
In my research I have found that many extreme movements have the following things in common:

Members are taken away from their homes and familiar surroundings
Members are encouraged to break ties with outside family and friends
Material possessions are taken away
People are often given new names
The group fosters a feeling of “us” vs. “them”, paranoia
Very structured way of life, strict rules
Often required to dress the same

Look back at your research. Add a paragraph to your paper describing the extent to which the factors I mentioned either do or do not apply.

### 05.06 Cults and extreme movements links (Sociology)

 summary of various cult suicideshttp://www.infoplease.com/spot/cults1.htmlNBC: Jonestown 30 Years Laterhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RkPIibQk-pk&feature=related

### 05.06 Emergency Driving (DriverEd)

 Skill Builder 18 - Driving in Hazardous Conditionshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2_4C8hGoOYw

The links in this activity were developed by the state of California to help drivers develop proper driving habits. They are all "YouTube" videos, so if your school blocks access to Youtube.com, then you will have to watch the videos at another location. (library, home, GoogleTV, AppleTV, etc). They are short and contain very good information on the driving task.

Please watch the videos carefully. It may be necessary to watch them a couple of times to understand the information before you start your behind-the-wheel driving experience. After watching the videos in this lesson, you will take a quiz on the content of the video in the next lesson.

### 05.06 Emergency Driving Rules of Road Videos Quiz (DriverEd)

 computer-scored 10 points possible 10 minutes

After completing the readings and viewing activities for the lessons in this unit, please take the Unit 05 Rules of Road Videos Quiz.

### 05.06 Graphs of Functions in the Real World (Math Level 1)

 Draw conclusions and make inferences from graphs and use a graph to model a situation.

Something to Ponder

What are some things you need to consider as you write expressions or equations to model real-life situations and problems?

Mathematics Vocabulary

Independent Variable: a variable that provides the input values of a function

Dependent Variable: a variable that provides the output values of a function

Scale: a system of ordered marks at fixed intervals used as a reference standard in measurement. All x-axes and y-axes must use a fixed scale. For example, the x-axis may be numbered by 2's: the origin, then 2, 4, 6, 8 etc., on each tick mark. The y-axis on the same graph may by numbered by 5's: the origin, then 5, 10, 15, 20, etc., on each tick mark.

Learning these concepts

Click each mathematician image OR click the link below to launch the video to help you better understand this "mathematical language."

Scroll down to the Guided Practice section and work through the examples before submitting the assignment.

### 05.06 Graphs of Functions in the Real World - Explanation Videos (Math Level 1)

Guided Practice
After watching the video try these problems. The worked solutions follow.

Example 1:

The graph below shows the number of live births per 10,000 of 23-year-old women in the United States between 1917 and 1975.

a)  What are the labels on the chart?

b)  What do they represent?

c)  What is the independent variable?

d)  What is the dependent variable?

e)  What is the scale for the dependent and independent variables?

f)  What conclusions can you draw from the graph?

g)  If the graph continues in the same way, what do you think the birthrate might have been in 1987?

Example 2:

The table shows the average salaries of CEOs by age. Make a graph and interpret what the graph is telling you. Based on the trend, what might the salary of a 30 year old be? A 70 year old?

 age average salary (in thousands) 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 281 340 382 426 553 590 640

Example 1:

a) What are the labels on the chart? Years and Birthrate
b) What do they represent? The years between 1917 and 1975; live births of 23-year old women
c) What is the independent variable? Year
d) What is the dependent variable? births
e) What is the scale for the dependent and independent variables? Year: 12; Birthrate: 40
f) What conclusions can you draw from the graph? Births were affected by wars with spikes in between the various wars.

If the graph continues, the birthrate in 1987 might be < 120.

Example 2:

a) Based on the trend, what might the salary of a 30 year old be? $150,000 b) A 70 year old?$700,000

### 05.06 Graphs of Functions in the Real World - Worksheet (Math Level 1)

 teacher-scored 20 points possible 40 minutes

Activity for this lesson

1. Print the worksheet. Work all the problems showing ALL your steps.
2. Digitize (scan or take digital photo) and upload your worksheet activity.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 3 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 05.06 Here is how it is going to work! - English 10

 Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text. Analyze the structure of a text, including how specific portions of the text relate to each other and the whole. Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text. Use the reading of a text to help determine style and approach to narrative writing. Read narrative writing to determine an appropriate approach to the writing of narratives. Include stylistic elements, from the study of a narrative text, in narrative writing.

Fitting it all together.: Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Jigsaw Puzzle

*All of the activities from this lesson need to be completed and saved in a folder on your hard drive for future use, reference, and grading.

The Plan

You will now be working in tandem between your reading assignments and your narrative writing assignments. The reading will help you to find expressive writing techniques. Many writers practice by copying the text of some of their favorite authors as a way to develop their own style of written expression. The object of these next few assignments is to help you find your voice and write it for others to enjoy.

Keep your reading assignments together in a separate document from your writing assignments. Everything you save in these files will be handed in and graded.

SAVE ALL OF YOUR WORK FROM THIS QUARTER

*Parts of this unit have been used and adapted from the following site/course. neabigread.org/books/myantonia/readers02.php.
There are many resources and much information found there that could help you with your study of this book (and possibly other books you may be reading). Feel free to browse it at your leisure.*

### 05.06 Investigate the emerging civil rights movements for women and African-Americans in the early 20th century. (U.S. History)

 Investigate the emerging civil rights movements for women and African-Americans in the early 20th century.

Lesson Notes:

Women

Ratification of the 19th Amendment in 1920 giving women the right to vote in national elections was only the opening of a door dealing with women's rights. American women pursued new lifestyles and assumed new jobs and different roles in society during the 1920s. Workplace opportunities and trends in family life are still major issues for women today.

By the 1920s, the experiences of World War I, the draw of cities and changing attitudes had opened up a new world for many young Americans. In the rebellious, pleasure-loving atmosphere of the Twenties, many women began to assert their independence, reject the values of their parents, and demand the same freedoms as men. During the 1920s, a new ideal emerged for some women: the flapper. She was an emancipated young woman who embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes of the day. Close-fitting felt hats, bright waistless dresses an inch above the knees, silk stockings and strings of beads replaced the dark and prim ankle-length dresses, corsets, and petticoats of the late-19th century Victorian days. Many young women cut their long hair into boyish bobs.

Many young women became more assertive. In their bid for equal status with men, some began smoking cigarettes, drinking in public, and talking openly about sex--actions that would have ruined their reputations not too many years before. They danced to new, suggestive dances like the tango, Charleston, the fox trot and the shimmy. Along with these changes, the attitudes toward marriage changed as well. Many middle-class men and women began to view marriage as more of an equal partnership, although housework and child-rearing remained a woman's job.

The fast-changing world of the "Roaring Twenties" produced new roles for women in the workplace and new trends in family life. The booming economy opened new work opportunities for women in offices, factories, stores, and professions. That same economy produced time-saving appliances and products also reshaped the roles of housewives and mothers.

Although women had worked successfully during the war, afterwards employers turned to the returning soldiers to fill positions in industry. Children, who had been thrown in with adults in factory work, farm labor, and apprenticeships, spent most of their days at school and in organized activities with others their own age. Factory owners supported the education of children because an educated child became a more versatile and productive adult.

African-American Voices

During the 1920s, African Americans set new goals for themselves as they moved north to the nation's largest cities. Between 1910 and 1920, in a movement known as the Great Migration, hundreds of thousands of African Americans had uprooted themselves from their homes in the South and moved north and to California in search of jobs. Tensions between the races escalated in the years prior to 1920, culminating, in the summer of 1919, in some 25 urban race riots. Leading the way was James Weldon Johnson, executive secretary of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), an organization founded in 1909 to protest racial violence and fight for legislation to protect African-American rights. The NAACP made antilynching laws one of its main priorities.

Another approach was taken by Marcus Garvey, an immigrant from Jamaica, who believed that African Americans should build a separate society. His more radical message of black pride aroused the hopes of many. Garvey lured followers with programs to promote African-American businesses. He also encouraged his followers to "return to Africa" and help build a mighty nation. Despite the appeal of Garvey's movement, support for it declined in the mid-1920s when he was convicted of mail fraud and jailed.

But the most powerful and long-lasting movement of black pride is known as the Harlem Renaissance. It was a creative literary and musical movement that spoke for all African-Americans throughout America. Many Southern blacks who migrated north moved to Harlem, a neighborhood on the northern end of Manhattan Island. In the 1920s Harlem became the world's largest black urban community with residents from the South, the West Indies, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Haiti.

Conclusion

The liberated women and Harlem Renaissance represented two parts of the great social and cultural changes that swept America in the 1920s. The period was characterized by economic prosperity, new ideas, changing values, and personal freedom. The Twenties also brought the nation important new developments in art, literature, and music. Most of these changes were lasting. The economic boom, however, was not.

### 05.06 Lesson 5F: Stem Changing Verbs: O – UE (Poder/Dormir) (Spanish I)

 Lesson 5F Stem Changing Verbs: O – UE (Poder/Dormir) [A copy of this lesson is available in a PDF file!! If you prefer to use this type of document, just click on the following link to complete this lesson: SpI_Lesson5F]              In lesson 4H, we learned about another type of irregular verbs, “stem changing verbs” and specifically, the verb stems that change from “e” to “ie” (Querer/Preferir). You may want to go back and review that lesson because this lesson follows the same format, but in this lesson, we’ll talk about verbs stems that change from “o” to “ue”. (Remember: a verb “stem” is the beginning part of a verb, that is in front of the verb endings of “-ar”, “-er”, or “ir”. These verbs are appropriately called “stem changing verbs” because they have all the “regular” verb endings, but it is the stem of the verb that changes!). As examples of this stem changing verb, we will be using two very common Spanish verbs “poder – to be able to/can” and “dormir – to sleep”.            The stems for these verbs are “poder – pod...” (taking off the “-er” ending) and “dormir – dorm…” (taking off the “-ir” ending). The endings are the same as regular “-er” and “-ir” verbs but in the stems, “ue” replaces the “o”. The stems become “poder – pued...” and “dormir – duerm…” for all forms, except for in the nosotros(as) and vosotros(as) forms!! (¡¡Ojo!!: In the nosotros(as) and vosotros(as) forms, the verb uses the “unchanged” stems, “poder – pod…” and “dormir – dorm…” See the chart below:            Other “o” to “ue” stem changing verbs: Learn these other verbs below as they are conjugated exactly as the verbs above:            This is a fabulous presentation of this type of stem changing verbs (o to ue). Click on the following link, enter your name, and click on level A. On the left side, click on “Unidad 4”, “Lección 2”, “Gramática”, and then “Presentación: gramática 1”. A window will open with two cute animated marks (save this fun part for the end!!). Click on the tab “English Grammar Connection” and read the page, then click on the tab “Gramática” and read the page. Now click on the fun red and blue tab, “Pablo and Pili”, and click the arrow at the bottom of the page “>” to hear their fun lesson. When finished, click on the “x” in the upper right corner to close this window.            On the left side of the screen, click on “Práctica: gramática 1”. Do the first page and when finished, click on the “Answer” button at the bottom of the page. Click on the blue “2” circle to bring up the next activity. After finishing these 5 activities, click on the “Level B” circle in the upper right of the screen. Now you will have 5 more activities to practice. Then go on to “Level C” for another 5 practice pages!! Wasn’t this a great site with lots of good practice??!!! Summary of Lesson: You should now know how to conjugate stem changing (o to ue) verbs in the present tense. Once again, Professor Jason has done a great video clip explaining “stem changing verbs”. These verbs can also be called “boot verbs” … do you see why?? Practice Exercises: Remember ... Do as many of these exercises as YOU need, as many times as YOU need to do each one so that you can successfully complete the assignment for this lesson!!

### 05.06 Letter Samples IMPORTANT

 Letter Samples IMPORTANT Use this handout to learn the difference between block and modified block style letters as well as additional letter information. PLEASE REFER TO THIS HANDOUT OFTEN AS YOU DO THE LETTER ASSIGNMENTS. THE LETTER ASSIGNMENTS WILL NEED TO BE FORMATTED CORRECTLY! NOTE: Remember to set the top margin to 2 inches before starting the letter!

### 05.06 Nervous System Links (Human Biology)

 E-themes links for the Nervous Systemhttp://www.emints.org/ethemes/resources/S00000666.shtml

These sites have illustrations, images, charts, and research material about the human nervous system and its functions. Also includes interactive human body tours, quizzes, and games.

### 05.06 Point of Interest Assignment (DigitalPhoto2)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 20 minutes

Point of interest.

Submit three different images of three different scenes that demonstrate your understanding and ability to follow the rules of good composition. These images should show a point of interest in the photograph.
Do not send any pictures of your car. A car parked in your driveway is boring.

Take pictures that demonstrate good composition. These images should show a point of interest in the photograph. It could be a still life or something out of the ordinary that captures your attention. Perhaps your picture tells a story.
01.2.6 Point of Interest(DigitalPhoto2)

### 05.06 Reports--WP5A-B (Computer Technology)

 teacher-scored 20 points possible 90 minutes

Report Guidelines
Study the attached MLA_Report_Instructions.pdf to learn how to type an MLA style report. Study the Formatting_Reports.pdf instructions to learn how to format a report in Word. Use these guides as you complete your Hero Report that you started in assignment OR1 in the Online Resources unit.

Citing Sources in Reports Presentation
View the attached Citing_Sources.pps presentation to learn rules about citing sources to avoid plagiarism.

Works Cited Activity (WP5A)
This activity will help you see how easy it is to use the Citation Machine to create a Works Cited page. Follow the instructions in Works Cited Activity (WP5A).doc. Send as attachment to WP5A assignment.

MLA Report (WP5B)
Study the Report Guidelines above before completing this assignment. Type your Hero Report using MLA format and include a Works Cited page. Be sure to use the Landmarks Citation Machine website or the EasyBib website in section 05.6.1 to format the sources correctly. Be sure to check your work using the Report Grading Sheet.doc before you send it as an attachment to WP5B.

### 05.06 Section 6.4 (Calculus)

 HC: Volume of a solid of known cross-sectionhttp://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?course=AP%20Calcul...HippoCampus Lesson 43 Homework(link in bottom left)http://www.montereyinstitute.org/courses/AP%20Calculus%20AB%...

### 05.06 Solve Quadratics with Complex Solutions (Math Level 2)

 Solve quadratic that have complex roots.

Lesson material is from Beginning Algebra http://2012books.lardbucket.org that has a Creative Commons by-nc-sa 3.0 license.

We complete our study of solutions to quadratic equations by including solutions involving imaginary roots

Let's review a little bit before moving on. We know that $\sqrt{-9}$ is not a real number.

$\sqrt{-9}={\color{Blue} ?}$      or      $\left ( {\color{Blue} ?} \right )^{2}=-9$

There is no real number that when squared results in a negative number. We begin to resolve this issue by defining the imaginary unit, $i$, as the square root of −1.

$i=\sqrt{-1}$    and    $i^{2}=-1$

To express a square root of a negative number in terms of the imaginary unit $i$, we use the following property where a represents any non-negative real number:

$\sqrt{-a}=\sqrt{-1\cdot a}=\sqrt{-1}\cdot \sqrt{a}=i\sqrt{a}$

With this we can write

$\sqrt{-9}=\sqrt{-1\cdot 9}=\sqrt{-1}\cdot \sqrt{9}=i\cdot 3=3i$

If $\sqrt{-9}=3i$, then we would expect that $3i$ squared will equal −9:

$(3i)^{2}=9i^{2}=9\cdot -1=-9$

In this way any square root of a negative real number can be written in terms of the imaginary unit. Such a number is often called an imaginary number.

http://www.onemathematicalcat.org

Example 1

Rewrite in terms of the imaginary unit $i$.

a. $\sqrt{-7}$

b. $\sqrt{-25}$

c. $\sqrt{-72}$

Solution:

a. $\sqrt{-7}=\sqrt{-1\cdot 7}=\sqrt{-1}\cdot \sqrt{7}=i\sqrt{7}$

b. $\sqrt{-25}=\sqrt{-1\cdot 25}=\sqrt{-1}\cdot \sqrt{25}=i\cdot 5=5i$

c. $\sqrt{-72}=\sqrt{-1\cdot36\cdot 2}=\sqrt{-1}\cdot \sqrt{36}\cdot \sqrt{2}=i\cdot6\cdot \sqrt{2} =6i\sqrt{2}$

Notation Note: When an imaginary number involves a radical, we place $i$ in front of the radical. Consider the following:

$6i\sqrt{2}=6\sqrt{2}i$

Since multiplication is commutative, these numbers are equivalent. However, in the form $6\sqrt{2}i$ the imaginary unit $i$ is often misinterpreted to be part of the radicand. To avoid this confusion, it is a best practice to place $i$ in front of the radical and use $6i\sqrt{2}$.

Now let's apply this to solving quadratic equations that involve including solutions involving imaginary roots

Example 1: Solve using the quadratic formula: x2−2x + 5 = 0

Solution: Begin by identifying a, b, and c: a = 1, b = -2, and c = 5

Substitute these values into the quadratic formula and then simplify.

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{-{\color{Red} b}\pm\sqrt{{\color{Red} b}^{2}-4{\color{Blue} a}{\color{Green} c}} }{2{\color{Blue} a}}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{-({\color{Red} -2})\pm\sqrt{({\color{Red} -2})^{2}-4({\color{Blue} 1})({\color{Green} 5})} }{2({\color{Blue} 1})}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{2\pm \sqrt{4-20}}{2}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{2\pm \sqrt{-16}}{2}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{2\pm 4i}{2}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{2}{3}\pm \frac{4i}{2}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=1\pm 2i$

Check these solutions by substituting them into the original equation.

Answer: The solutions are 1−2i and 1 + 2i.

The equation may not be given in standard form. The general steps for solving using the quadratic formula are outlined in the following example.

Example 2: Solve: (2x + 1)(x − 3) = x − 8.

Solution:

Step 1: Write the quadratic equation in standard form:

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv (2x+1)(x-3) = -8$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv 2x^{2}-6x+x-3 = x-8$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv 2x^{2}-5x-3 = x-8$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv 2x^{2}-6x+5=0$

Step 2: Identify a, b, and c for use in the quadratic formula: a = 2, b = - 6, c = 5

Step 3: Substitute the appropriate values into the quadratic formula and then simplify.

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{-{\color{Red} b}\pm\sqrt{{\color{Red} b}^{2}-4{\color{Blue} a}{\color{Green} c}} }{2{\color{Blue} a}}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{-{\color{Red} (-6)}\pm\sqrt{{\color{Red} (-6)}^{2}-4{\color{Blue} (2)}{\color{Green} (5)}} }{2{\color{Blue} (2)}}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{6\pm \sqrt{36-40}}{4}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{6\pm \sqrt{-4}}{4}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{6\pm 2i}{4}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{6}{4}\pm \frac{2i}{4}$$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{6}{4}\pm \frac{1}{2}i$

Answer: The solution is $\dpi{100} \fn_phv \frac{3}{2} \pm \frac{1}{2} i$. The check is optional.

Example 3: Solve: x(x + 2) = - 19

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x(x+2)=-19$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x^{2}+2x=-19$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x^{2}+2x+19 = 0$

Here a = 1, b = 2, and c = 19. Substitute these values into the quadratic formula:

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{-{\color{Red} b}\pm\sqrt{{\color{Red} b}^{2}-4{\color{Blue} a}{\color{Green} c}} }{2{\color{Blue} a}}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{-{\color{Red} (-2)}\pm\sqrt{{\color{Red} 2}^{2}-4{\color{Blue} (1)}{\color{Green} (19)}} }{2{\color{Blue} (1)}}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{-2\pm \sqrt{4-76}}{2}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{-2\pm \sqrt{-72}}{2}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{-2\pm \sqrt{-1\cdot 36\cdot 2}}{2}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{-2\pm 6i\sqrt{ 2}}{2}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=\frac{-2}{2}\pm 6i\sqrt{2}$

$\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=-1\pm 3i\sqrt{2}$

Answer: The solutions are $\dpi{100} \fn_phv x=-1\pm 3i\sqrt{2}$

Notation Note

Consider the following: $\dpi{100} \fn_phv -1+3i\sqrt{2}= -1+3\sqrt{2}i$

Both numbers are equivalent and $\dpi{100} \fn_phv -1+3\sqrt{2}i$ is in standard form, where the real part is $\dpi{100} \fn_phv -1$ and the imaginary part is $\dpi{100} \fn_phv 3\sqrt{2}$. However, this number is often expressed as $\dpi{100} \fn_phv -1+3i\sqrt{2}$ to avoid the possibility of misinterpreting the imaginary unit as part of the radicand.

Try this! Solve: $\dpi{100} \fn_phv (2x+3)(x+5) = 5x+4.$

Answer: $\dpi{100} \fn_phv \frac{-4\pm i\sqrt{6}}{2} = -2\pm \frac{\sqrt{6}}{2}i$

Click on the link below for a video solution to this problem.

### 05.06 Solve Quadratics with Complex Solutions - Video Solution (Math Level 2)

I highly recommend that you click on the links below and watch the videos before continuing:

### 05.06 Solve Quadratics with Complex Solutions - Videos (Math Level 2)

 mathispower4u: Ex: Quadratic Formula - Complex Solutions http://youtu.be/11EwTcRMPn8mathispower4u: Ex: Solve a Quadratic Equation Using the Quadratic Formula with Complex Solutions (Decimal Approx.) http://youtu.be/wz1_dJYBZHUmathispower4u: Ex: Solve a Quadratic Equation Using the Quadratic Formula with Complex Solutions (Exact Value) http://youtu.be/UofR4XEKpYE

If after completing this topic you can state without hesitation that...

• I can solve quadratic that have complex roots.

…you are ready for the assignment! Otherwise, go back and review the material before moving on.

### 05.06 Solve Quadratics with Complex Solutions - Worksheet (Math Level 2)

 teacher-scored 80 points possible 40 minutes

Activity for this lesson

Complete the attached worksheet.

1. Print the worksheet and complete the assignment in the space provided. You may use additional paper if needed. Work all the problems showing ALL your steps.
2. Once you have completed the assignment, digitize (scan or take digital photo, up close and clear) and save it to the computer and convert it to an image file such as .pdf or .jpg.
3. Finally, upload the image using the assignment submission window under the assignment link on your math home page for this assignment.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 3 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 05.06 Spelling commonly misspelled words (English 9)

 Spell correctly.

Why is English spelling so inconsistent and tricky?
It ties back into the history of the English language.

"In spelling, the [English] language was assimilating the consequences of having a civil service of French scribes, who paid little attention to the traditions of English spelling that had developed in Anglo-Saxon times. Not only did French qu arrive, replacing Old English cw (as in queen), but ch replaced c (in words such as church--Old English cirice), sh and sch replaced sc (as in ship--Old English scip), and much more. Vowels were written in a great number of ways. Much of the irregularity of modern English spelling derives from the forcing together of Old English and French systems of spelling in the Middle Ages. People struggled to find the best way of writing English throughout the period. ... Even Caxton didn't help, at times. Some of his typesetters were Dutch, and they introduced some of their own spelling conventions into their work. That is where the gh in such words as ghost comes from.

"Any desire to standardize would also have been hindered by the ... Great English Vowel Shift, [which] took place in the early 1400s. Before the shift, a word like loud would have been pronounced 'lood'; name as 'nahm'; leaf as 'layf'; mice as 'mees'. ...

"The renewed interest in classical languages and cultures, which formed part of the ethos of the Renaissance, had introduced a new perspective into spelling: etymology. Etymology is the study of the history of words, and there was a widespread view that words should show their history in the way they were spelled. These weren't classicists showing off. There was a genuine belief that it would help people if they could 'see' the original Latin in a Latin-derived English word. So someone added a b to the word typically spelled det, dett, or dette in Middle English, because the source in Latin was debitum, and it became debt, and caught on. Similarly, an o was added to peple, because it came from populum: we find both poeple and people, before the latter became the norm. An s was added to ile and iland, because of Latin insula, so we now have island. There are many more such cases. Some people nowadays find it hard to understand why there are so many 'silent letters' of this kind in English. It is because other people thought they were helping."

David Crystal, The Fight for English: How language pundits ate, shot, and left, Oxford, 2006, pp. 26-9.

SpellingEng9205 Loose Talk poster: NARA, ca. 1944, public domaine
Yes, spelling can be a nuisance, but yes, it is important. Here are some general guidelines to help you become a better speller:

1) Learn some of the basic rules that work MOST of the time, for instance:

i before e except after c, or when sounded as "ay" as in neighbor or weigh

When you add a suffix to a word which ends with a single vowel followed by a single consonant, double the consonant (fit becomes fitted or fitting); when you add a suffix that begins with a vowel to a word that ends in a silent e, drop the e and add the suffix (fade becomed fading or faded; fate becomes fated, or fateful).

For words that end in a consonant & y, change the y to i UNLESS the suffix begins with i (fry becomes frying or fries or fried).

2) Use the spell-check on your computer, but

3) Don't depend on ONLY the computer spell-check. Your computer doesn't know what word you meant to spell, only whether the words you used match a long list of possible words.

4) Ask a friend or family member who is a good speller to check your work.

5) Make a list of words you have trouble with, and work on learning one of them each day or week.

Common Words that Cause Spelling Errors

1) there refers to a place (here and there).
they're is the contraction for "they are" (They're coming over later.)
their is the possessive of they, which is why the e comes before the i. (Don't touch their fancy car.)

2)Two is the number 2. (I want two cookies.)
too may mean "also" (I want cake, too.) or may add emphasis (It was too hot.)
to is a preposition or part of the infinitive (I want to go to the store.)

3) Conscious means you know what is going on around you (you haven't been knocked out). (He was conscious of them all staring at him.)
Conscience is the part of your mind that tells you something is morally right or wrong. (Her conscience was bothering her because she had lied to her best friend.)

4)which is a pronoun referring to something.(I couldn't decide which one to buy.)
witch is a woman with magical (often evil) powers. (The witch cast a spell to turn the prince into a frog.)

5) were is the past tense of "are". (They were sad.)
where refers to a place. (Where are we going?)

6) loose is the opposite of tight. (The screw had worked loose and fallen off.)
lose is the verb related to lost. (I didn't want to lose my earring.)

7) all right is the only correct way to write this expression (there is no such word as "alright").

8)desert is a dry place. (Cactus grow in the desert.)
dessert is the treat you eat after dinner. (We're having apple pie for dessert.)
Note that the above two words break the usual pronunciation rule that in two syllable words, vowels followed by a single consonant are long, and vowels followed by a double consonant are short.
Desert (pronounced like "dessert" with a long E in the first syllable) can also be a verb meaning to leave (I can't imagine how a mother could desert her children.)

9) everyday is always an adjective. (I wore my everyday clothes except to church.)
If you mean something that happens day after day, you write every day. (I get up before noon every day.)

10) definitely means certainly (I definitely want to graduate from high school.)
defiantly means with defiance (The demonstrators shouted defiantly at the police.)

11) Pay attention to the difference between into and in to especially if preceded by "turned":
Correct - The sorceress turned them into frogs.
Possibly confusing - I turned into a parking lot. (Did you turn so as to arrive in a parking lot, or were you transformed from a human into flat asphalt?)
Correct - He turned them in to the police.
Incorrect: He turned them into the police.
Correct - I went in to see what was going on.
Correct - I was accepted into the club.

### 05.06 Spelling quiz (English 9)

 computer-scored 15 points possible 10 minutes

Take the spelling quiz. Go to the class main page, and to Topic 3, to take this quiz. You may take it multiple times, but you must score at least 73%.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 2 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 05.06 Unit 05 Review Quiz (Math Level 1)

 teacher-scored 58 points possible 45 minutes

Unit Review Quiz

1. Print the quiz. Work all the problems showing ALL your steps.
2. Digitize (scan or take digital photo) and upload your corrected quiz.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 3 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 05.06 Unit 5 quiz (Java)

 teacher-scored 1 points possible 30 minutes

Read This - Review Notes - Study these for exam. This exam is a compilation of questions from the previous quizzes. You should do very well on this quiz as you have seen all the questions before. I have also included a review of some key ideas for you. You should also read the sample quizzes and answers from CHAPTER 1 and CHAPTER 2 from the book .

Here is some review information that may be covered on the quiz. But nevertheless, you should know this information very well. That is why this is basically a review quiz It also includes some information on the GUI and JoptionPane objects. Save it for referenece later. It contains some some information on additional functions. (methods) we will use.
Review this information and then take the unit 5 quiz.

IN NO PARTICULAR ORDER

(the information on GUI and Swing will be covered later. There will no questions on this quiz.)

* An application is a program that executes using the Java interpreter after it has been compiled to bytecode
* Comments begin with //
* Blank lines, spaces, carriage returns, and tab characters are known as white space and help in making your source code more readable.
* The first line of the main method must be defined as follows
public static void main(String args[])

* A left brace is read as “begin” and right brace is read as “end”
* Java is case sensitive, upper and lower case letters are considered differently
* Method System.out.println displays or prints a line of information in the command window. When println is finished it finishes with a carriage return and places the cursor on the next line. System.out.print leaves the cursor on the same line… no carriage return
* Every statement must end with a semicolon. Not every line, but every statement.
* Identifiers must begin with a letter
* Identifiers must only contain letters, digits, and the underscore _
* Keywords are reserved words, reserved for Java
* Keywords must all appear in lowercase letters.
* Standard practice and good style states that all Java class names begin with a capital letter, if the class name contains more that one word, the first letter of each word should be capitalized. This is called camel case.
* Keyword class introduces a class definition and immediately followed by a class name.
* Methods are able to perform tasks and return information (if necessary) when they are finished.
* Java applications all begin at method main
* A static method is called by following its class name by a dot and the name of the method.
* The System.exit (0) method terminates an application that uses a GUI. Not necessary in the console window.
* A variable is a location in computer memory where data is stored. The book refers to this as a "box"
* Variable names must be a valid identifier
* Variables all have a NAME, a TYPE , and a VALUE
* All variables have to be declared, it is helpful to read the declaration from right to left and substitute the words “of Type” for the space. The declaration String myname; is read “variable myname is of type string”

* Declarations end with semi-colons;
* There are 8 primitive data types -- int, short, byte, long, char, boolean, float, double.
* int, short, byte, long are all integers (whole number)
* float, double are real numbers, they contain a decimal, double have the greater precision.
* char is any single character that could be typed from the keyboard.
* Boolean is either true or false
* import adds java packages (classes, methods, and commands) to your program, you “check them out” of the java class library.
* The core java classes are called “java”
* The extension java classes are called “javax”
* import javax.swing.* means use ALL the swing methods and classes
* swing is the java package for familiar windows GUI interface classes and methods
* Source code is what you the human create
* Object code is what the java compiler creates
* Java has its own type of object code called BYTECODE
* Syntax errors are errors that must be corrected before the compiler can finish creating the bytecode.
* Semantic errors are errors in logic that can generate incorrect results.

Class/Methods/Functions used so far:
JOptionPane - a class to provide the user a simple GUI interface

Integer.parseInt() - a method to convert a string to a number. “123” is convert to one hundred twenty three. The argument is any string. The value returned is an integer.

System.out.println()

System.out.print()

System.exit(0)

JOptionPane.showConfirmDialog() =Asks a confirming question, like yes/no/cancel.

JOptionPane.showInputDialog() = Prompt for some input.

JOptionPane.showMessageDialog() = Tell the user about something that’s happened.

JOptionPane.showOptionDialog = The Grand Unification of the above three

Key in the following program to see what each of these methods does:

1. In jcreator start a new project, delete the template code, and key in the following. Compile it and run… Change some of the string values to see what they do.

import javax.swing.JOptionPane;

public class Example2 {

public static void main( String[] args) {

JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, "Welcome to Java Programming");

JOptionPane.showInputDialog(null,"enter a number");

JOptionPane.showConfirmDialog(null,"Would you like to exit");

System.exit( 0);

}

}

### 05.06 Unit 5 Test (Financial Literacy)

 Review your assignments from Unit 5 to prepare for the Unit 5 Test.

### 05.06 Unit 5 test (Financial Literacy)

 computer-scored 100 points possible 45 minutes

Take the unit 5 test.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 7 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 05.06 Word - What You Need to Know (CompTech07)

 teacher-scored 5 points possible 20 minutes

Word--What You Need to Know (WP1C)

Open up Word--What You Need to Know and fill in the worksheet by following the instructions given. (The tabs and ribbons will not be active when you open the worksheet. Print the worksheet. Go to a new Word document. Write in the answers as you go through the features and commands in Word. Type the answers into the worksheet.)

Assignment: Go into Assignment (WP1C) and attach the file.

### 05.06. Investigate the emerging civil rights movements for women and African-Americans in the early 20th century. (U.S. History)

 Higher Education for Womenhttp://www.ehow.com/about_6461842_women_s-educational-rights...Women's Suffragehttp://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAsuffrage.htmNAWSA and Women's Suffragehttp://www.brynmawr.edu/library/exhibits/suffrage/nawsa.htmlBooker T. Washingtonhttp://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart6.htmlWomen Organize in Labor Unionshttp://www.historylink.org/index.cfm?DisplayPage=output.cfm&...

Labor activist Mother Jones, early 1900's: Wikimedia Commons, Library of Congress, public domainWomen Organize in Labor Unions

Although women were barred from many unions, they united behind powerful leaders to demand better working conditions, equal pay for equal work and an end to child labor. The most prominent leader in the women's labor movement was Mother Jones. Please review the information that we have seen about her to find out what she was fighting for in this movement. Higher Education for Women Please go to this short report to find out why opportunities in higher education for women were increasing in the late 1800's. What did receiving more education mean for women? Women's Suffrage Find out about the movement that gained women the right to vote, or the women's suffrage movement. Why was voting important to these women, and who were their major leaders? NAWSA and Women's Suffrage Find out much more about the women's suffrage movement and their main organization, the NAWSA. How did the suffrage movement end--did they meet with success? NACW Find out about the women who started this organization and what their goals were for their sex and race.

Booker T. Washington Find out about this prominent African American leader and the Tuskegee Institute. Also, read about his famous speech, the Atlanta Compromise. What did he use as a symbol of how Americans of different races could successfully work together? W.E.B. Du Bois W.E.B. Du Bois publicly fought for the rights of African Americans throughout his life. Find out what he believed and wanted for his people. Was it the same as Booker T. Washington's vision? Also, learn about the founding of the NAACP and what Du Bois called the "Talented Tenth."

### 05.06.00 - THE HERO WITHIN

 Perhaps the archetype of the Hero's Journey has transcended time and place because it touches on the very essence of human experience. People everywhere throughout time have experienced crises and calls to adventure. To accept such calls is to embrace growth, change and transformation. An awareness of the Hero's Journey, consequently, provides us a map to understand and interpret our lives. As we learn to view life as a journey, we become better equipped to give life-enhancing meaning to our experiences. Not all of life's calls and challenges are of epic proportion. Indeed, virtually anything that requires us to move out of our comfort zone--a challenging class, a new job, even writing an essay--may serve as a catalyst for personal development. For this next activity, I'd like you to recreate a time in your life when you elected (or were perhaps compelled) to stretch and to grow. You have just completed step 1 of this essay in the previous activity. Now for step 2, write the rough draft. As part of your narrative, explain which elements of the Hero's Journey were present in your ordeal. (i.e., what kind of preparation did you have? Were there any helpers or mentor figures? How did the trial test you? Did you encounter disappointing setbacks or periods of self-doubt? How did you grow or develop as a result of the ordeal? With whom did you share your ultimate success with? How did they benefit as a result?) Now, I’d like you to practice step 3 in writing drafts, by sharpening the sentences and polishing just the introductory paragraph. For this assignment, turn in both steps: the rough draft and the revised introductory paragraph.

### 05.06.00 Finding Solutions of Polynomials Using Numerical Methods (PreCalc)

 Most polynomial equations do not have rational solutions. Numerical methods can be used to find solutions to these polynomials. You can download the attached file or read the same content below.

### 05.06.01

 teacher-scored 12 points possible 60 minutes

Make sure you turn in both the rough draft and the revision of your introductory paragraph.

Assessment Rubric:

 Content Includes completed rough draft, and revision of introduction shows a strong thesis statement as a part of an interesting introduction. /4 Support Your rough draft shows a clear thesis and at least three body paragraphs with detail which is specific and directly supports the thesis. /4 Clarity While not a polished draft, the ideas are clear. /4

### 05.06.01 Bisection Method (PreCalc)

 The final way to find these illusive non-rational zeros of polynomials (and let's be honest, most polynomials are going to fall in this category) is by using a more sophisticated method of guess and check. Useful Fact If ƒ(x) is a polynomial function and and b are numbers such that ƒ() > 0 and ƒ(b) < 0, then the function ƒ(x) has at least one zero between and b. (This is also called the locator theorem.) So what? Well, we can use this information to find irrational zeros, to whatever precision you wish. (Precision basically means “how many decimal places.”) There are several techniques to narrow down these zeros, but since this is a pre-calculus class, we won't get too sophisticated. So any numerical method of solving a problem will start with a guess, calculate the value, then make another guess. You keep doing this, moving closer to the “real” answer, until you are as precise as you wish. It is simpler to show you how to do this then explain it. You should follow along on you calculator. Consider the polynomial ƒ(x) = 6 x4 – 3 x2 + 4 x – 1 We already looked for rational roots of this polynomial, and determined there are none. We did this by trying all the possible rational roots. You may remember that: While none of these numbers are zero, some get closer than others. In particular, is close to zero. Notice that is positive. So 1⁄3 will be our a from the previous theorem. We need a number that is less than zero as well. Starting as close to zero as possible will help us find the ￼￼￼￼“real” zero faster. So select for the negative term. 1⁄6 will be our b ￼￼￼￼from the previous theorem. We know that the actual zero is between 1⁄3 and 1⁄6. So for our next guess, select the number halfway between these. In particular (I worked through this problem already, so I know the values of ƒ(x). Therefore, I label each new guess with an if ƒ(x) is positive, and b if ƒ(x) is negative. I think this will help make it more clear, but it also means the labels will appear somewhat random. When you do this yourself, you can label things however you want, but remember, you are always making your next guess between a positive ƒ(x) and a negative f(x').) Now, find ƒ(bi) This is not zero, but it is closer than