# writing - research paper

### 01.01 Statistics about Driving Essay (DriverEd)

 teacher-scored 30 points possible 45 minutes

After reviewing the statistics found in the articles and websites, write a brief (300-word minimum) opinion paper, and give your opinion on which information impressed you the most and why. This is submitted in topic 3 as Statistics Paper. (30 points)

### 01.01 A chemical mystery (Human Biology)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 120 minutes

Life is mysterious. What is the "stuff" of life? What are the building blocks of life? What elements are most commonly found in living things? What about carbon? What characteristics does carbon possess that make it so useful? How do the small carbon containing compounds combine to form large molecules? What about proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acids? What are they and why are they important?

Put on your figurative detective cloak, grab your hypothetical magnifying glass, and get ready to roll. You are about to embark on a once-in-a-life time adventure!!! (Unless, of course you do not pass the class, then you may get to do this adventure twice. However, this course is so fun and fascinating that failing will not be an option for you!) Back to the adventure.....

Assignment:

You have just received your private investigator''s licence and this is your first big case. Do it right and you will be eligible for countless promotions, raises, and bonuses. (Not the least of which is a science credit that will enable you to graduate from high school!)

Life is a mysterious. Your job is to help unravel some of life's mysteries. There are numerous players in the game of life and you, the private investigator, are to discover some of the key players. You are to investigate the three items listed and turn in a well written, concise, detailed case study to your supervisor. The case study you turn in must:

Be written in your own words
Use complete sentences
Be written at a typical ninth grade reading level (Do not be too technical. You must assume that your supervisor does not have a strong science background so you need to explain things in terms the average citizen can understand.)
Include illustrations
Answer the questions completely and concisely.
The Internet sites listed in the URL's will help you with your investigation. Websites go up and down. If these don't work, try your own search engine with the key words like "Elements essential to the human body."

The case study has THREE parts.

MAJOR ELEMENTS OF LIFE: All of the elements are suspects in this case. Which elements are actually involved in the processes associated with living things? You must find out exactly who is involved and what the level of their involvement is. Your task is to:
Identify 20 or so of the elements that are most commonly found in living things.
State how each element contributes to life's processes. For example, calcium aids in muscle contraction.
01.1 Carbon
Describe the carbon atom. What is its atomic mass? How many electrons does it have?
Describe carbon's bonding capabilities. What kind of bonds does it form? Does it have any unique characteristics?
Describe carbon's role in life''s processes. Just how important is it anyway?
Describe how sugars combine to form starch. Carbon seems to be an essential component of sugar and sugars combine to form starch. How does that happen? You may use illustrations to answer this question. Do not go into great detail. A brief summary of the process will suffice.
01.0 Macromolecules
MAJOR MACROMOLECULES: Proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids have been accused of being the macromolecules that make it all happen. Experts testify that without them life would not exist. What do they do and why are they so important? Your task is to:
Describe carbohydrates. What are they? What unique properties do they have? What are their roles in life's processes?
Describe proteins. What are they? What unique properties do they have? What are their many roles in life's processes?
Describe lipids. What are they? What is their role in life's processes?
Describe nucleic acids. What are they? What is their role in life's processes?

### 01.01 Historical Night Sky Use (Astronomy1)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 50 minutes

Throughout history our connections to the observable sky have been very important.
From virtually every continent and civilization we find connections with the sky.
From the monthly phases of the moon to the movements of the stars throughout the year, people have tracked and attempted to explain the phenomena of the observable sky. Even though these historical connections have little scientific value in our modern world they are a fascinating look into our past and our progression into our modern extension into exploring this same sky. The field of archaeoastronomy studies the archeological finding of ancient cultures and their connections with the astronomy as we know it today. From the internet link provided read through the information on archaeoastronomy and submit a report on how these ancient people used the night sky.

This is a high school credit course and I expect a minimum of one (1) page of research written in your own words. Any evidence of plagiarism or violation of copyright laws will warrant dismissal from this course.

### 01.01.01 Where Did it all Begin(Chemistry1)

 teacher-scored 20 points possible 90 minutes

DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITY

Overview: Chemistry has been practiced for centuries, spanning from the discovery of fire to the discovery of the atom. The diversity of chemistry is extremely broad. It includes the entire universe and everything in it. Through chemistry, we seek to learn and to understand the general principles that govern the behavior of all matter. For centuries, chemists have sought to figure out, explain and make use of the assortment of materials around us. There are four major eras in the history of chemistry – back magic, alchemy, traditional chemistry and modern chemistry. This activity will have you explore theses eras in detail.

Duration: This activity should take approximately 1 ½ - 2 hours.

Materials: None

This assignment is worth: 20 points

INSTRUCTIONS
1) Copy all information below between the lines of asterisks, including the lesson number, revision date and all questions into a word document.
2) VISIT the URLs #1, #2, #3, and #4 for assignment 01.1.1. You are not limited to the URLs listed.
3) Write a 1 1/2 to 2 page report on the origins of chemistry. How did it all get started? Include in your report four different eras – prehistoric times - beginning of the Christian era (black magic), beginning of the Christian era - end of 17th century (alchemy), end of 17th century - mid 19th century (traditional chemistry) and mid 19th century - present (modern chemistry).
4) Include the contributions of Aristotle, Robert Boyle, Charles Coulomb, Antoine Lavoisier, John Dalton and Marie Curie.
5) There should be at least six paragraphs to your report. The paragraphs should include but are not limited to: an introductory paragraph, history on black magic, history on alchemy, history on traditional chemistry, history on modern chemistry, and a conclusion.
6) This and all essay assignments require citation of sources for a grade. Please do not submit work without your list of three sources used. Work without three sources will be deleted automatically. It will then be your responsibility to resubmit the work. Plagiarism in any form results in ZERO points. Avoid cutting and pasting, and put the information in your own words.
Then, exit the web page, and submit your assignment as usual.

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ASSIGNMENT 01.1.1 - REVISION DATE: 8/6/11 (Copy everything between the asterisks.)

Type report here.
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REMEMBER: No points will be earned if you do not cite three different sources, or if there is a question of plagiarism.

### 01.01.02 Vocabulary (World Geography)

 teacher-scored 40 points possible 45 minutes

Define the following terms IN YOUR OWN WORDS. Then, use each term in a sentence that shows that you understand the meaning. That means two statements (sentences) for each word including each of the Five Themes of Geography.

Link for the vocabulary glossary is at the top of the assignment and it is a pdf file. Just click on that link.

• Geography
• Absolute Location
• Relative Location
• Equator
• Prime Meridian
• Hemisphere
• Latitude
• Longitude
• Formal Region
• Continent
• Erosion
• Sediment
• Plate Tectonics
• Continental Drift
• Each of the Five themes of Geography- Place, Location, Regions, Movement, Environmental Interactions. (define all five and write a sentence for each one)

You will be graded on the definition of the word and whether the word is used correctly in the sentence. The sentence must meet the standards of a complete sentence, using proper structure, grammar, and spelling.
***70% or higher is required to pass any assignment***

### 01.07 Biodiversity (Earth Systems)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 120 minutes

Who cares?

You do. Or you don’t.

Whether you do or you don’t, you get the opportunity in this assignment to evaluate the biological, aesthetic, ethical, and economic reasons for maintaining biodiversity. Read on for more details about your assignment.

ASSIGNMENT:

Write a 500-700 word essay that evaluates the biological, aesthetic, ethical, and economic reasons for maintaining biodiversity.

* Your paper should be divided into the sections listed below.

* Each section MUST contain a quote from an Internet source. You may use a quote with which you agree or a quote with which you disagree.

* In each section you must say why you either agree or disagree with the source.

* You must put the quote in quotation marks.

* You must site your source (i.e. give the Internet address for the source.)

I will not accept the paper if you list only your own opinions. You MUST include a quote in every section.

1. First section: Biological reasons to maintain biodiversity. Is maintaining biodiversity important for the biosphere? Why or why not?

2. Second section: Aesthetic reasons to maintain biodiversity. Aesthetic refers to beauty. Is maintaining biodiversity important for aesthetic reasons? Why or why not?

3. Third section: Ethical reasons for maintaining biodiversity. Ethical arguments refer to what is right and what is wrong. Is it ethical to reduce biodiversity? Why or why not?

4. Fourth section: Economic reasons for maintaining biodiversity. Economics deal with money. Is it economical to maintain biodiversity?

5. Fifth section:

Should we maintain biodiversity?

Should we maintain biodiversity at all costs, no matter what?

Should we maintain biodiversity in some cases and not others?

When should biodiversity be maintained?

When is biodiversity to be sacrificed to other considerations?

Should biodiversity be ignored when making decisions about land use?

What do you think?

Why?

Be sure to include reasons for your opinion. When you have completed the entire assignment, send it to me. If you have followed the instructions, you will receive a good grade.

GOOD LUCK AND HAVE FUN!!

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 5 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 01.14 DRAFTS - English 10

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 360 minutes

Making sense of your writing.: Fillster.com “Cool Pictures for Myspace”STRAIGHTENING OUT THE MESS

Revision:

Complete and label each of the drafts of the essay from above, following the steps below. Please complete and hand in your first draft of your essay now.

Follow the instructions below to understand the completion steps for this assignment.

Assignment Parts:

2. Receive feedback from me and make the needed revisions.

4. Receive feedback from me and make the needed revisions.

6. Receive feedback from me and make the needed revisions.

7. Have a friend read your paper and give feedback to you.

8. Submit your friend's revision suggestions and your paper with the included changes from the feedback.

9. Make the needed revisions and prepare your final draft.

12. Include the usage and identification of each of the five of the grammar rules that you learned and taught in the previous URL and assignment 01.13. Identify and label them in parenthesis directly after their use.

13. Once you have completed and submitted at least five drafts of your essay with my approval, compile all of the research sections of this unit for grading and label them according to the following checklist.

Final Submission Inclusions: a. cultural evaluation notes - lesson 01.09 "Personal Cultural Evaluation" b. analytical responses - lesson 01.10 "Analytical Approach" c. blog URL link - Make sure your definition is posted per the instructions above. d. final draft (include the identified grammar rules) - This is the final document created from the steps above. e. submission steps from above are completed All parts above must be completed and included for full credit. Grading Criteria:

 Category Standards Introduction, organization, format & media Topic is introduced and each element builds on that which precedes it to create a unified whole; includes formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., figures, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. Development of ideas and content Topic is thoroughly developed with significant and relevant facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other necessary information and examples using credible sources Development of relationships, cohesion and flow Uses appropriate and varied transitions to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships among complex ideas and concepts. Word choice, style and tone Uses precise language, topic-specific vocabulary, and techniques such as metaphor, simile, and analogy to manage the complexity of the topic. Establishes and maintains a formal style and objective tone while attending to norms and conventions. Conclusion Provides a concluding statement or section that illustrates the importance of the topic discussed, follows and supports the information or explanations presented, and provides a sense of confident closure, beyond just repetition of earlier statements Conventions and language skills Has few or no errors in conventions, grammar or usage; uses parallel structure and variety in sentences, phrases and clauses

SAVE ALL OF YOUR WORK FROM THIS QUARTER

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 4 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 02.01 Aerobic & Anaerobic Exercise (PE Individualized Lifetime Activity)

 teacher-scored 20 points possible 60 minutes

Image: Chris Brown, Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

Writing an argument uses a "claim" that must be supported by evidence. A key for advancing an argument is to anticipate and address counterarguments or oppositions. By developing counterclaims, you discredit the counter argument and thereby invalidate reasons the reader might have for not accepting your argument.

After the reading about the different types of exercise, you will write a minimum four-paragraph essay on what you found. Your first paragraph will include one claim that you choose from the claims listed below, and the last paragraph will be the conclusion.

Make sure you include the following aspects as part of your writing:

a) Introduce claims about your topic and acknowledge the claims from alternate or opposing claims.

b) Organize the reasons and evidence logically.

c) Support claims with logical reasoning and relevant, accurate data and evidence using credible sources.

d) Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.

Essential Question: Will aerobic exercises  provide me with a better workout than anaerobic exercises?

CLAIMS (pick one):

#1 - Students must participate in aerobic exercises or they will never progress to meet the fitness levels guidelines issued by President's Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition.

#2 - Students must participate in anaerobic exercises or they will never progress to meet the fitness levels guidelines issued by President's Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition.

### 02.01 Our Sun (Astronomy1)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 50 minutes

Our Sun - Research Assignment
Our Sun is the source of light and life on planet Earth. From the NASA link provided, research the information given about the Sun and submit a synopsis of the information you found. This is a high school credit course and I expect a minimum of one (1) page of research written in your own words. Any evidence of plagiarism or violation of copyright laws will warrant dismissal from this course.

### 02.01.07 Unit Two Research Paper (Sociology)

 teacher-scored 40 points possible 90 minutes

### 02.02 Heredity and Genetics (Human Biology)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 120 minutes

What is your eye color? How tall are you? Can you roll your tongue? All of those things about you, and more, are traits (characteristics that help to identify living organisms).
Children usually resemble their parents or grandparents. Sometimes it is very obvious; other times only a few characteristics can be identified. This is because parents pass on their traits to their offspring. The passing on of traits from parent to child is called heredity, and the traits being passed on are called inherited traits. The study of heredity is called genetics. Gregor Mendel, an Austrian botanist, is called the father of genetics because he was the first scientist to study inherited traits.

The research Mendel did with pea plants and their inherited traits has been used to help us understand how heredity works in animals, including humans. Human babies, like peas, receive traits from their parents during fertilization. Human fertilization is when a sperm joins an ovum to form a zygote. The zygote contains genes from both the mother and father. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (rod shaped structures in the nucleus of the cell that contain tightly coiled DNA). The gender of a baby is determined by a set of instructions of each parent. These instructions are in the sex chromosomes, known as X and Y. Ova and sperm have one sex chromosome each. Ova have only X chromosomes, while half of the sperm have X chromosomes and half have Y chromosomes. If an ovum is fertilized by a sperm carrying a Y chromosome, the XY combination produces a boy. If the ovum is fertilized by a sperm carrying a X chromosome, the XX combination produces a girl.

Research Question #1: What is the difference in zygote development between fraternal and identical twins? You may use sketches to help illustrate.

Mendel's research has answered a lot of questions concerning inherited traits. Do you know how, for example, two people with brown hair produce a child with blonde hair? Mendel discovered that, quite often, when the two genes (one from each parent) join, only one gene determines the trait in the offspring. A gene that, when present, determines the trait of an offspring is called a dominant gene. A gene that does not determine the trait when a dominant gene is present is called a recessive gene. A site that might help you understand these terms and how they are passed on is listed as the first URL.

People are not just short or tall. Some are very tall, some are very short, and some medium. This tells us that there are not just dominant and recessive genes. Some genes are neither dominant nor recessive. When these genes combine, their traits blend together. This is known as incomplete dominance. The genes for skin and eye color are a only a couple of examples of genes that have incomplete dominance. Most of your traits come not from one gene but from a unique combination of many different genes. This is why people with the same parents can be so different.

Each independent gene is called an allele. In Mendel's pea flowers, the color purple (P) was a dominant allele and the color white (w) was a recessive allele, PP would stand for two dominant purple flower genes. This combination (PP) is said to be homozygous because both alleles are the same. If we had a purple flower with a white recessive gene (Pw) that combination would be heterozygous because the alleles are different, one dominant and one recessive. The way the flower physically looks is called its phenotype. The gene combination that we cannot see is called the genotype. A purple flower could have a white recessive gene and still be purple.

Scientists use a Punnet square to show all the possible gene combinations that are transferred from parents to offspring. Because it is hard to make graphs and charts here, I'd like you now to go to the second URL to see some punnet squares and to practice using them.

Question # 2: Mendel based his conclusions about inheritance patterns on studies of large samples. Why do you think the use of large samples is advantageous when studying inheritance patterns?

Some human disorders are transferred from parent to offspring; these are called genetic disorders or heritable diseases. Some of these traits are found on the sex chromosomes and are called sex-linked traits. Go now to the third & fourth URL's to see how sex-linked traits are passed on in both fruit flies and humans.

Genetic Disease Research Papers 1 & 2: Pick two of the following disorders and research their
-symptoms
-detection
-whether or not the defective gene is dominant or recessive
-how these diseases can be treated
Write a one page, double spaced paper, on each of the two that you chose. Be sure to use your own words and list all references.
Cystic Fibrosis
Sickle cell anemia
Tay-Sachs disease
Phenylketonuria
Hemophilia
Huntington's Disease
Muscular dystrophy

Question #3: Of the seven genetic disorders listed above, which two are sex-linked?

Imagine that you want to learn more about an inherited trait present in your family. How would you find out whether the trait is dominant or recessive and what the chances are of transmitting it to your children? If you wanted to study a trait in organisms such as garden peas or fruit flies, you would conduct genetic crosses (Punnet squares). However, studying human heredity requires a different approach. To study human heredity, scientists look at family histories called pedigrees. By identifying which relatives exhibit a trait, scientists can determine whether the gene producing the trait is dominant or recessive and whether it is sex-linked or autosomal (located on one of the other 22 pair of chromosomes).

Designing a pedigree : Develop a story in which a pedigree can be drawn. Be creative in thinking of characters and traits that you choose to follow through several generations. To illustrate your pedigree stories you may add "family portraits" if you'd like. Include at least five generations. Traits could include, but are not limited to, variations of the following: face shape, chin shape, skin color, hair type, widow's peak, eyebrow variations, eye color and shape, lip size and thickness, nose size and shape, earlobe attachment and freckles. You do not have to stick with the human race, if you'd like to create your own characters, go for it.

If all three questions, pedigree and two papers are responded to appropriately using your own words and artistic abilities, you will receive a good grade. Questions and research paper can be forwarded directly via e-mail, but pedigree and sketches must be mailed.

### 02.02.01 Circle of Life (Biology)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 120 minutes

Summary:

A symbiotic relationship, is a relationship between two different species. Symbiotic relationships can be benifical to both species, benifical to one species and harmful to the other, or benifical to one and the other is neither benefited or harmed.

Instructional Procedures:

This assignment has 2 parts. Your answers must be VERY DETAILED. Copy all information below between the lines of asterisks, including the lesson number, revision date and all questions into a word document.

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ASSIGNMENT 02.02.01 - REVISION DATE: 7/10/14 (Copy everything between the asterisks.)

PART 1:  Research one pair of organisms per relationship, that have co-evolved and are in a:

A. Predator/Prey relationship:

B. Mutualistic relationship:

C. Parasitic relationship:

D. Commensalitic relationship:

Briefly (a sentence or two) describe the relationship of the two organisms in terms of beneficial, harmful, or neither.

PART 2: Research five organisms that were introduced to an environment (in Utah) and have caused major changes (negative or positive). Please read the article found at URL 02.02:  Utah's exotic species: the good, the bad and the ugly. Name the five organisms you chose from the article and explain the environmental problems/changes that have occurred, and describe the ways we are controlling them because of their arrival. Only use the organisms mentioned in the article.

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Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 2 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 02.02.02 Compare and Contrast the U.S. and Canada(Geo4Life1)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 120 minutes

ASSIGNMENTS 02.02.02

Content Objective: Compare and contrast the physical and cultural characteristics of the United States and Canada.

Compare and Contrast Introduction: You have spent some time looking up newspaper articles and studying the political and physical features of the U.S. and Canada. I hope you have noticed some of the similarities and differences between the two countries. If you have not noticed any, the following assignment will give you some time to do some detective work on your own. You will need to go to a public library and find some books about North America, the United States and Canada. The Internet is another good resource to use. Good luck!

Assignment:

1. You will type a five-paragraph essay, doubled-spaced paper using font size 12.

2. Compare and contrast the United States and Canada. How are they alike and how are they different? 3. You may choose what information you would like to compare and contrast.

3. Choose at least three subjects to discuss in your paper. There are many subjects to consider, here are some things you might want to compare and contrast: government, national anthems, political features, physical features, sports, flags, holidays, and leisure activities.

4. Make sure your paper has an introduction and a conclusion. Express some of your feelings about the similarities and differences of the two countries. Make sure to follow all directions.

5. Make sure to use complete sentences. It should be written at a ninth grade writing level.

One more thing--DO NOT PLAGIARIZE! If you do you will receive an automatic zero. It is obvious when you cut and paste information. I am able to find the link you used and give you a ZERO. I have had to do it numerous times.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 4 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 02.02.03

 teacher-scored 24 points possible 60 minutes

For this submission you will need to turn in your interview plan, your biophase essay, and the recording/notes from your interview.

Assessment Rubric:

 Content Phase of life is clear and essay follows outlined instructions. /4 Support Supporting paragraphs include detail which is specific & directly supports the thesis. /4 Clarity Writing is clear, focused and well organized. /4 Conventions No significant errors in grammar, usage, punctuation or spelling. /4 Interview Plan Responded to each question on the interview plan /4 Interview Recording Recording or written transcript included /4

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 3 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 02.04 Genetic alteration on living things (Human Biology)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 150 minutes

Assignment 4 - Genetic Alteration on Living Things

Have you read the papers lately? What is going on with genetics and human manipulation of genes? Have you heard about the Human Genome Project? Wow, we are exploring our very own DNA! We are learning more about human development and discovering more about genetic diseases. We are learning where the genes are that cause diseases, disorders and mutations throughout our bodies.

The cells in our bodies are not invincible. Environmental, chemical and genetic mutations can occur in our cells. These mutations cause things to go wrong. If it were possible to pull all of the DNA out of your cells, from end to end it would measure 200 billion kilometers long. Wow, hard to believe, huh? Well, when all this DNA is being made, errors in replication can occur. Luckily we have what I like to call "proof-readers". However not all mistakes are corrected. When these mistakes occur, we call them mutations. There are different types of mutations. Let's cover a few of these:

1. Point mutations - these errors occur because of a change in one or a few nucleotides in a gene.

A. One type of point mutation is called a substitution. This is where one nucleotide is replaced with a different nucleotide. For example, the codon UGU becomes UGC. Sometimes substitutions have little or no effect. In this case, the correct codon, UGU, and the mutated codon, UGC, both translate into the same amino acid-- cysteine. However, if UGU changed into UGA, the codon would become a stop codon, and translation would end prematurely. As a result, the protein that the gene codes for would be shortened and incomplete.

B. Insertions or deletions are other types of point mutations. They occur when one or more nucleotides are added to or deleted from a gene. Because the genetic message is read as a series of triplet codons, insertions and deletions can upset the triplet groupings.

Not all mutations are genetic, some are caused by exposure to environmental agents called mutagens. These are things like UV rays from the sun, chemicals, X-rays...... Chemicals that cause mutations are referred to as carcinogens and you guessed it, they affect our health in the form of cancer. Cancer comes in many shapes and forms but its main characteristic is the abnormal growth of cells. When cancerous cells form together to create a mass, we call this a tumor.

Cancer, disease and suffering are the main reasons why scientists are working together on the Human Genome Project. What would it be like to be able to manipulate our genes so that people would not have to suffer from genetic illnesses?

Assignment #1: Many people think that deciphering the human genetic code is a large waste of money at best and ethically immoral at best. Other believe that the advances made possible by a knowledge of the human genetic code are priceless. What do you think? Using at least three sources on the Human Genome Project, write a persuasive essay supporting your own view of the genome project.

See the URL's for supporting sites.

I'm sure you heard talk about cloning when Dolly, Molly or Polly (the cloned sheep) were in the news. Have you heard of gene therapy? How about genetic screening. These topics are hot mostly because they also deal with societal issues. Do you know what kinds of laws we have about cloning? Did you know that cloning is being done in labs around the world, including the United States?

Different laws and moratoriums are set up according to types of organisms. No, we are not cloning human beings. That is illegal in the United States, but what about Switzerland??? Could our Dr. Seed (creator of Dolly) go to another country and perform his studies? How much do you know about this, and how much do you care? Our world is changing and with those changes comes power. Biotechnology will give us powers we never had before. These powers can be used for both good and evil. How do we regulate that? Or better yet, who regulates that? What about all the benefits that could come from this technology?

Assignment #2: I want you to find something in biotechnology that interests you, something that you have feelings about and research it. Write a paper that covers the following?

1. Explain first of all what the process or technology involves
2. List benefits and risks
3. Explain how its power is being regulated and who iss regulating it.
4. Also find out what some influential scientists' and/or politicians' views are on the subject

This needs to be a three page research paper using your own words. Double space the paper and include references.

Possible subjects could include:

* Gene Therapy
* Genetic Screening
* Cloning
* Recombinant organisms
* Genetically engineered crops
* Biological weapons
* Transgenic organisms

### 02.04.01 Human Influences on Ecosystems (Biology)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 120 minutes

In the past, people weren't very concerned with how much they took from nature and its resources. The earth seemed to be a huge "department store" in which goods were free. But, within the last 30 years things have started to change. People are starting to realize that the "department store" isn't always going to have its shelves stocked, and items that were once abundant are starting to thin out.

PART 1 - Human Ecology

Human Ecology deals with the relationship between humans and their environment. Put on your detective hat and find out how humans negatively impact the earth. Research and list 5 examples of human activities that have left Mother Earth harmed in some aspect.

PART 2 - How do you fit in?

Take some time and reflect. Is there anything that you do that is harmful to nature? In the next few days, think about this as you go on with your normal daily routine. Carry a notebook around with you if you'd like. What are some things that you do in your own home, school, and work that negatively impact Mother Nature? Write a 150 word paper on your discovery and how you think you could help Mother Nature instead of harm her.

PART 3 - Community Pollution Issues

You've researched negative impacts in the past, you've looked at your own life and reflected on your personal impact--now, what about your community? One of the largest threats we face is pollution. It's usually not as far removed as we think. In this investigation, you will evaluate pollution problems in your community and the efforts, if any, being made to deal with them.

Choose one type of pollution to evaluate (air, land, and water). Keep track of the resources you use to find your information. It may be newspapers, books, people, or internet sources. Find out how much of a problem this is within your community.

Rate it on a point system.
• 0 = no problem at all
• 1 = a small problem
• 2 = mild problem that could become significant
• 3 = moderate problem with potential to become disastrous
• 4 = severe problem, becoming hazardous
• 5 = critical problem, hazards existing

Now look at the solutions. Is your community aware of or doing anything about the problem?

Rate the solutions.

• 0 = no pollution awareness or antipollution actions
• 1 = some awareness, no action being implemented
• 2 = definite awareness, citizens' groups, some movement toward legislation
• 3 = strong awareness, discussion and news coverage, legislation in process
• 4 = strong private and community awareness, actions taking place, legislation enforced
• 5 = community organized to deal with and prevent pollution, legislation enforced

Solution points depend upon community awareness, political action, and individual responsibility. Explain each of these and give an example. Write a 150 word paper on what you learned from this exercise about your community. Include five actions an individual can take that will help to further prevent pollution.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 4 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 02.05.01 Evidence of Evolution (Biology)

 teacher-scored 30 points possible 180 minutes

Summary:
A giant tortoise labors along across the terrain to feed on the lush green vegetation in its path. Tortoises have labored along for millions of years now. How do we know that they have lived for millions of years? We have fossils from many paleontological digs that prove their and other reptiles' ancient existence. The evidence we can gather from the past not only tell us, they were alive millions of years ago, but it can also tell us if they are the same today as they were then. If we have extensive samples of organisms, we can also see evidence of evolution (change) within the organisms.

In order for fossils to form, special conditions have to be in place. Most animals die and decay without leaving a trace of their existence. The majority of fossils have been found in sedimentary rock. When animals died in shallow seas or bodies of water, over time sediments (fine particles of rock) form over the bodies and in time slowly harden to rock. There are some fossils in which most of the organisms (including the soft tissues) are preserved. A few examples are insects found in amber and organisms, such as the woolly mammoth, recently found preserved in ice. Other fossils go through a process called petrifaction in which the organism dies in a body of water with a high mineral content.  Over time, the original substances of the organism dissolve and are replaced by minerals from the water. Whole trees, estimated to be over 150 million years old, have been preserved in the Petrified Forest in Arizona.

Scientists use the fossil record to create a timeline called the Geologic Time Scale. It divides the earth's history into several major divisions called eras. Each era is further divided into periods and epochs. Evidence from the past.

There are three parts to this assignment. Part one and two will focus on past evidence of evolution by examining fossils and the geological time scale. Part three will focus on evolution by examining living organisms and their characteristics.

Instructional Procedures:

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ASSIGNMENT 02.05.01 - REVISION DATE: 7/21/14 (Copy everything between the asterisks.)

PART 1: Evidence from the past

Create a geological time scale showing the main subdivisions, along with a brief summary of the various types of organisms that appeared, flourished, or disappeared during each time interval. Be as specific as you can with the types of organisms. For each era, also include the age in millions of years. Websites: (Use these key words to search for related information) Geological timeline, Evolutionary timeline, or Evidence from the past.

PART 2: Evidence from the past – taking a closer look

Once you have finished your geological time scale, draw a 12-hour clock on a piece of paper (just the normal face of a household clock). Now, using a calculator and some math, figure out the relative times (times as in 2:00 o'clock) of the Cambrian, Devonian, Triassic, Tertiary and Quaternary periods. Keep these things in mind: the earth is approximately 4.5 billion years old, for most of the first several hundred million years our planet was a fiery ball of molten rock, the water vapor from the cooling earth probably condensed to form the oceans, the earliest traces of the simplest life was found in the seas 3.5 billion years ago, and modern humans are about 300,000 years old. I'll get you started by telling you that the formation of the earth occurred at midnight on the clock, while the oldest human fossils date from just before noon.

PART 3: Evidence from living organisms

The similarities between some species of animals, for example, a horse and zebra, have led scientists to believe that these animals many have a common ancestor (a single organism from which both new species evolved). In many cases, the fossil remains of these common ancestors have been found. Comparing these remains with living organisms has added to the evidence for organic evolution (the changing of species since they first appeared on the earth). We can compare structural similarities and differences among living things to look for evolutionary relationships between species. Commonly, scientists look for:

1. Anatomical Similarities (likenesses in body structure)

2. Embryological Similarities (likenesses in development of the embryo)

3. Biochemical Similarities (likenesses in the DNA and protein patterns of organisms).

Using the following topics in your search, study the three types of evidence that are used for making evolutionary connections between organisms. Then describe those similarities and differences in a 250 - 300 word paper.

·         Homologous Structures

·         Bat and Human Comparison

·         Embryonic Development

·         Similarity of embryos

·         Similarity between human and chicken embryo

·         Embryological Review

·         Embryological similarities

·         Biochemical Similarities Cats and Humans share Similar DNA

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Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 5 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 02.07.01 Evolutionary Biology (Biology)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 100 minutes

Summary:

Each person seems to have their own view of what evolution is or is not. Some people regard evolution as a false theory because they think that evolution simply means that humans have evolved from apes. To explore these different points of view, access the website TheTalk - Origins Archive (see URLs).

Instructional Procedures:

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ASSIGNMENT 02.07.01 - REVISION DATE: 7/21/14 (Copy everything between the asterisks.)

1. What is Evolution (6 paragraphs)

2. Common Misconceptions about evolution (3 paragraphs)

3. Genetic Variation (7 paragraphs)

4. Natural Selection (paragraph 11 - 14 in that section)

5. Genetic Drift (all 6 paragraphs)

6. Mutation (this section is really long, browse through it and pick and choose 2-3 types of mutation to read about)

7. Recombination (all 3 paragraphs)

8. Overflow of evolution with a lineage (all paragraphs)

9. The pattern of macroevolution (all 3 paragraphs)

10. The importance of evolutionary biology (all 6 paragraphs)

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Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 7 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 02.19. Writing Assignments (U.S. History)

 teacher-scored 30 points possible 60 minutes

Writing Assignment Instructions
You select which one of the three questions you want to answer. Please answer the question thoughtfully in a persuasive essay that is 2-4 pages in length (double-spaced with 12 point font). The essay will be graded based on the completeness of the answer and the writing style used in the composition. Include an introduction, body, and conclusion in your essay along with a bibliography or citation of your sources. You must have a minimum of three sources and you cannot use Wikipedia, Yahoo, Ask Jeeves or similiar sites. Your essay is worth a maximum of 30 points.

Writing Assignment Option 1
The Constitution was ratified over 200 years ago. How can it still be an effective governing document today? Which two Amendments in the Bill of Rights are currently the most important in America? Why?

Writing Assignment Option 2
The Civil War has been described as the major turning point in United States history. Why was this event so pivotal and what consequences are we still living with today?

Writing Assignment Option 3
Explain some of the difficulties that immigrants encountered when they came to America in the 1800s and early 1900s. Are any of these problems still happening today? If so, to whom?

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.01 Cause of the Seasons (Astronomy1)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 50 minutes

Seasons - Research Assignment
The seasons are an important part of life for much of planet Earth. Through this assignment you will research the cause of the seasons and submit a synopsis of your research. This is a high school credit course and I expect a minimum of one (1) page of research written in your own words. Any evidence of plagiarism or violation of copyright laws will warrant dismissal from this course.

### 03.01.01 Cell Chemistry (Biology)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 120 minutes

Assignment 03.01.01 – Cell Chemistry

Summary:

In this assignment, you are going to complete an outline that will be used to teach students about cell chemistry.

Search engines that include words such as "cell biology", "cell chemistry", "on-line biology courses"and/or any of the concepts below will help you navigate through the internet to find information. Other known sites to use in a search engine:
The Biology project
Britannica Encylopedia
Frontier High School - Internet Science Room

Copy all information below between the lines of asterisks, including the lesson number, revision date and all questions into a word document.

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ASSIGNMENT 03.01.01 - REVISION DATE: 7/26/14 (Copy everything between the asterisks.)

Cell Chemistry Outline I.

1. Define the following words used to describe smaller parts in chemistry
1. elements—
2. atom—
3. symbol—
4. compound—
5. molecule—
2. Some of the most common elements found in the cell are listed below.   Research the function (purpose) of each as they relate to biology.
1. Carbon—
2. Hydrogen—
3. Oxygen—
4. Nitrogen—
3. Organisms consist of both organic and inorganic compounds. Define and give 2 examples of each.
1. organic—
2. examples –
3. inorganic—
4. examples –
4. Types of compound formulae (Formula- shows the composition of a compound) Define the following types of formulas.
1. Structural Formula—
2. Molecular formula—
3. Empirical Formula—
5. Acidity and Basicity in the environment. Define and give 2 examples
1. Acids—
2. Example—
3. Bases—
4. Example—
5. Buffer—
6. pH scale—
6. Basic Organic Compounds in Living Things. Define and give 2 examples
1. Carbohydrates—
2. Types of Carbohydrates
3. Monosaccharides—
4. Examples—
5. Disaccharides—
6. Examples—
7. Polysaccharides—
8. Examples—
7. What are 3 major  Carbohydrate functions—
1.
2.
3.
8. Proteins –  Define the following as they relate to proteins
1. Major Protein Functions—
2. Amino acids—
3. peptide bond—
4. Examples of proteins—
9. Lipids— Define the following as they relate to lipids
1. Major Lipid Functions—
2. Examples of Lipids—
3. Differences in saturated and unsaturated fats –
10. Nucleic Acids— Define the following as they relate to nucleic acids
1. DNA -- Function of DNA—
2. RNA -- Functions of RNA—
11. Six Properties of Water Essential to Life –
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

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Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 1 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.01.01 Origin of Matter(Chemistry1)

 teacher-scored 15 points possible 30 minutes

Assignment 3 - 1.1: Origin of Matter
15 Points

Use printed materials, the web sites listed below or any others you find, to identify evidence supporting the assumption that matter in the universe has a common origin and is composed of the same elements that are found on Earth.

Present this evidence in the form of a two-page essay. Be sure to cite all web sites used in your investigation. You must use a minimum of three sources in your research on this topic.

Go to the website section of the course for some ideas of websites to visit for your research.
Please note that these are just a few places to get started. This is by no means a comprehensive list.

### 03.02.03 Assignment 074 (Adult Roles)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 5 minutes

Assignment Seventy-four: Explain why is it important to know about general values and personal values?

### 03.03.01 Scientists - Who's Who (Biology)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 120 minutes

Your name is Kay Hooke (not really just pretend).  Recently you traced your family history and discovered that one of your ancestors of the 17th century is Robert Hooke. Your mother explains to you that Robert was an inventor and scientist, and without his work, science wouldn't be the same today. You are curious about this relative and would like to do research on his personal life and find out why he was so important.

Using search engines, encyclopedias, dictionaries, text books etc. find out why your ancestor was so important.

• Be sure to include and describe a certain theory that came along right after his important work.
• Name and describe the work of at least five other scientists whose theories mirrored those of your ancestor (aka Robert Hooke).

You may do this in an essay or research paper. Your paper is to be no less than 250 words. When completed, please submit it to your teacher.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 3 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.04.01 Observing Cells (Biology)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 120 minutes

Your job in this assignment is to have fun looking at cells and/or microscopic organisms that are not seen with the unaided eye. Surf the net using a search engine for "microscopic organisms", "cells" or use the URLs listed in this unit.

Assignment:

• Observe five different cells, cell components and/or microscopic organisms (viruses and bacteria are fun).
• List them on a paper and write a paragraph explaining how they appear when viewed with magnification.

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 4 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.05 Final Draft - English 10

 teacher-scored 150 points possible 360 minutes

Try, try, again.: graur codrin graur codrin / FreeDigitalPhotos.net

Revision Complete and label the essay from above.

You will be responsible for the drafts and revisions on your own this time.

I would suggest that you enlist the help of trusted friends to proofread your work and make any needed revisions before submitting it as a final draft to me and posting it to your blog site.

Compile all of the research sections of this unit for grading and label them according to the following checklist.

Final Submission Inclusions:

a. writing response tasks - lesson 03.02 "Mango Tango"

b. comparative notes - lesson 03.03 "The Same Differences"

c. cause and effects - lessons 03.04 "Changing Perspectives"

d. final draft e. blog URL with essay posted in it *All of these parts must be included for full credit. Grading Criteria:

 Category Standards Introduction, organization, format & media Topic is introduced & each element builds on that which precedes it to create a unified whole; includes formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., figures, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. Development of ideas and content Topic is thoroughly developed with significant and relevant facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other necessary information and examples using credible sources Development of relationships, cohesion and flow Uses appropriate and varied transitions to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships among complex ideas and concepts. Word choice, style and tone Uses precise language, topic-specific vocabulary, and techniques such as metaphor, simile, and analogy to manage the complexity of the topic. Establishes and maintains a formal style and objective tone while attending to norms and conventions. Conclusion Provides a concluding statement or section that illustrates the importance of the topic discussed, follows and supports the information or explanations presented, and provides a sense of confident closure, beyond just repetition of earlier statements Conventions and language skills Has few or no errors in conventions, grammar or usage; uses parallel structure and variety in sentences, phrases and clauses

SAVE ALL OF YOUR WORK FROM THIS QUARTER

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.06.01 You are what you eat (Biology)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 90 minutes

Summary:

Now that you've learned about cells, cell chemistry, properties of elements in cells and much more, let's put a little of that to use in our everyday world. Sure, you understand that you and other organisms are made up of cells and that cells have an important function in our bodies. You have researched the macromolecules (proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids), and you have looked at some of the major elements that play a role in the makeup of the human beings and all other organisms. Don't forget that inorganic materials (those not containing Carbon - nonliving factors in our environment) are also present in our everyday lives.

You've heard the phrase "you are what you eat." Let's take a little stroll to your kitchen and see what exactly it is that you take into your body daily, and what these items may do for your body.

Instructional Procedures:

This assignment contains two parts.  Copy all information below between the lines of asterisks, including the lesson number, revision date and all questions into a word document.

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ASSIGNMENT 03.06.01 - REVISION DATE: 8/28/14 (Copy everything between the asterisks.)

PART 1

• Obtain the original label from any type of non-perishable food Item (get the can or the box). 
• List all of the Ingredients. There should be at least 7 different ingredients. 
• Research and explain each of the ingredients.  Make sure you include the purpose for the ingredient in the food and how it helps or hinders your body. (Note: Some items have no nutritive value. You should explain what their purpose is in the product. Why put them in?)
• Give references for you information.

PART 2

Being properly hydrated is important for you to stay healthy.  There are several ways to determine how much water you need to drink each day.  Use the following formula to calculate how much water you need to drink each day.

current weight/2 = how many ounces of water you need to drink each day

1 cup = 8 ounces

For example a person who weighs 130 pounds should drink 65 ounces of water each day.  That's equivalent to 8.125 cups of water each day.

130/2 = 65 ounces

65 ounces ÷ 8 ounces = 8.125 cups

1. How many ounces of water do you need to drink each day?
2. How many cups of water do you need to drink each day?

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Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 6 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 03.07.01 Stem Cell Research (Biology)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 120 minutes

Summary:

Issues surrounding stem cell research have taken a prominent place in public eye. What do you know about stem cells? What do your friends, family or teachers know? When you hear people discussing stem-cell research, do you understand what they are talking about?

Stem cells differ from other kinds of cells in the body.  A stem cell does not have a determined job in the body. Therefore, they can mature into cells in bones, heart muscle, nerves, and other organs and tissue.

Instructional Procedures:

This assignment has three parts. Your answers must be VERY DETAILED. Copy all information below between the lines of asterisks, including the lesson number, revision date and all questions into a word document.

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ASSIGNMENT 03.07.01 - REVISION DATE: 7/14/14 (Copy everything between the asterisks.)

Part One:

Interview 4 different people (including yourself).  Ask them the following questions:

MYSELF:

1.  What do I know about stem cells?

2.  What questions do I have about stem cells?

FRIEND:

1.  What do you know about stem cells?

2.  What questions do you have about stem cells?

PARENT/GRANDPARENT/GUARDIAN:

1.  What do you know about stem cells?

2.  What questions do you have about stem cells?

TEACHER (not a science teacher) OR NEIGHBOR:

1.  What do you know about stem cells?

2.  What questions do you have about stem cells?

Part Two:

Visit URL 1.   Click on "Stem Cells" and browse through the information. Some activities are interactive with sound and comic characters and other activities are to read and learn. After you engage yourself on the website, write down which activity was your favorite,  and the total time you were at the site.

Part Three:

1. What is a stem cell?

2.  What does it mean to differentiate?

3.  A stem cell differentiates by making new ____________. (select one lipids, carbohydrates, or proteins)

4. What are some different types of stem cells?

5. What is the purpose of stem-cell research?

6. What are some ways that stem cells have been successfully used in medicine?

7. What are some of the issues in stem cell research?

8. What are some of the misconceptions that people have about stem-cell research?

This assignment was adapted from the Genetics Learning Science Center.

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Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 7 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.01.01 Online Resources Introductory Assignments (Computer Technology)

 teacher-scored 15 points possible 60 minutes

Hero Activity (OR1)

Follow the instructions in this handout (Hero Activity.pdf). In OR1 tell me your hero's name and let me know you finished your research for this assignment. NOTE: If you are completing a research project for another class using at least three sources, you can use this research instead of doing this assignment. If you plan to use another report, please tell me what the report is about.

This information will be used to write a report in the Word unit. Be sure to save this information.

Online Crossword Puzzle (OR2)

Use the Online Resources Vocabulary from 04.1 to complete the crossword puzzle (Online Crossword Puzzle.pdf). Write your answers in the crossword puzzle; then type in your answers in this OR2 assignment. List all the Across answers first and then the Down answers.

### 04.02.01 Compare leaders before and after The Long Walk (NavajoGovt)

 teacher-scored 50 points possible 75 minutes

Assignment 11
After the Treaty of 1868 and the return of the Navajo to Dinetah, the Indian agents generally accepted those who had signed the treaty as the headmen of the Navajo. By the 1880s, the Indian Agent reported to the Secretary of the Interior that there were four major groups of Navajos; each under the direction of a chief - Francisco Capitan led the north group; Manuelito the east group; Mariano and Tsi'naajini Blye the south group; and Ganado Mucho the west group.

The assignment is to contrast the leadership of the Navajo people prior to the Long Walk and the Treaty of 1868 with the leadership following those two events. Give specific differences and support your ideas with evidence. Make sure you cite the references you use and when you have finished submit your assignment to your teacher.

### 04.02.01 Heredity and Genetics (Biology)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 120 minutes

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ASSIGNMENT 04.02.01 - REVISION DATE: 3/29/14 (Copy everything between the asterisks.)

1.  What is the difference in zygote development between fraternal and identical twins?

2.  Pick two of the following disorders and research the: symptoms, how the disorder is detection, whether or not the defective gene is dominant or recessive, how the disease can be treated. Write a 150 word paper, on each of the two that you chose. Be sure to use your own words and list all references.

• Cystic Fibrosis
• Sickle Cell Anemia
• Tay-Sachs Disease
• Phenylketonuria
• Hemophilia
• Huntington's Disease
• Muscular Dystrophy

3. Of the seven genetic disorders listed above, which two are sex-linked?

4. Develop a story in which a pedigree can be drawn.  You don't need to draw the pedigree, just write the story that show an inherited trait that has been passed down from generation to generation.

Be creative in thinking of characters and traits that you choose to follow through several generations. To illustrate your pedigree stories, you may add "family portraits" if you'd like. Include at least five generations. Traits could include, but are not limited to, variations of the following: face shape, chin shape, skin color, hair type, widow's peak, eyebrow variations, eye color and shape, lip size and thickness, nose size and shape, earlobe attachment and freckles. You do not have to stick with the human face.

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Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 2 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.03 Unit 4 report (PE Skills)

 teacher-scored 30 points possible 90 minutes

You are going to use resources on the internet (and you may also use other resources) to complete a personalized report on physical activity, nutrition, and lifelong wellness. You will also need to talk to family members to find out about possible familial factors that may influence your health.

Copy and paste the section between asterisks into a word processing document on your computer. Complete the assignment and save it on your computer. Then go to Topic 3 on your class page to submit your work.

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Name:
Date:

Part 1: Family Factors Research
Talk to family members (parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, siblings) about their health and physical activity. Find out about both positive and negative factors. Do you have family members who have stayed fit and active into later life? Have there been problems with diabetes, weight, cancer, asthma, heart disease, stroke, blood pressure, depression/anxiety, osteoporosis, Alzheimer's, arthritis, smoking, drugs/alcohol or any other diseases? What physical activities have family members continued as adults? What eating and activity habits in your family affect your health (positively or negatively)? Note that if you are adopted, the genetic factors in your adoptive family may not apply, but habits and lifestyle still do!

Part 2: Personal Factors
Evaluate yourself - do you have physical or mental health problems? What has been your history of physical activities so far? How do your hobbies, interests, habits and personal preferences help or hinder your physical fitness and health? Do you want to lose weight, gain muscle, get more coordinated, graceful, strong, or quick? What are your strong and weak points as far as physical activities go? What goals do you have for physical fitness, activity skills and wellness as you become an adult?

Part 3: Internet and Library Research
Use Pioneer Library and other internet resources to find information about how you can help prevent, control or reduce the main health and fitness problems likely in your life, and how you can reach your goals. List the eight to ten best articles, websites or books you find. For each source you find, list (a) the title and author, (b) the url (web address), magazine or publisher, and (c) a brief summary of the kind of information available at that source.

Part 4: Summary
Write at least 300 words about what you learned and how you plan to use this information. Include the three best (most useful or important) ideas you learned in your research.
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### 04.03.01 What is DNA? (Biology)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 120 minutes

Summary:

Students will construct a model of DNA and reseach how it replicates.

Instructional Procedures:

This assignment contains 3 parts. Your answers must be VERY DETAILED. Copy all information below between the lines of asterisks, including the lesson number, revision date and all questions into a word document.

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ASSIGNMENT 04.03.01 - REVISION DATE: 7/15/14 (Copy everything between the asterisks.)

Part 1:

Make a model of the structure of DNA, include a key that designates different bases, bonds, and molecules. You can use whatever you want to make the model - a few ideas might be food, clay, legos, etc.  Take a picture of your model and submit the picture and key.

Part 2:

Research and learn how DNA replicates itself. Using your own words, explain the process. Make sure to include the two roles that DNA polymerase plays in replication.

Part 3:

It always helps to draw things out and label pieces and parts. For part 3 you need to draw and label protein synthesis. Include transcription and translation, DNA, mRNA, tRNA, codons, ribosomes, and protein. Also include short descriptions of what is happening at each step.

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Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 3 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.05 Draft - It Pretty Much Writes Itself - English 10

 teacher-scored 300 points possible 360 minutes

Putting pencil to paper.: Image- digitalart / FreeDigitalPhotos.netThe Hard Part is Over! The Fun Begins! Before you take on the final drafts--yes, I said DRAFTS (plural)--consider the following . . .

I.Questions to consider:

2. What structure are you going to follow?

3. What does the audience want to learn? (Surprises and details!)

4. How is your audience going to understand? (Clarification)

2nd Draft Outline - Using Your Rough Draft:

II.Writing the opening paragraph:

1. The opening paragraph must include your thesis statement for the paper.

a. This should be the best sentence you’ve ever written!

b. It should be clear, concise, and to the point.

c. It will state the main purpose of your paper.

a. Just because this is a research paper doesn’t mean it has to be boring!

3. Introduce the points you will be using to support the thesis of your paper. These points will be elaborated upon in the body. II. Writing the body of your paper.

b. Each main idea to be addressed in the body of the paper should be included in the topic paragraph of your paper or the thesis statement.

c. Main topics in the introduction should lead the details in your body paragraphs.

d. Make sure the facts, presented in the body of the paper, tie back into the thesis and that they all transition and flow easily from one paragraph to another. Each paragraph should address a supporting detail of the thesis.

III. Writing the closing paragraph (are we done already?)

1. Summarize the main points in a fresh way.

2. Use a strong closing sentence –NO “so in conclusion . . .” or "I have just shown you . . ."

Submit this 2nd draft for an initial score and feedback for revision. Revisions Complete your draft writing, from above, following the steps below.

Assignment Parts:

2. Receive feedback from me and make the needed revisions.

4. Receive feedback from me and make the needed revisions.

6. Receive feedback from me and make the needed revisions.

7. Have a friend read your paper and give feedback to you.

8. Submit your friend's revision suggestions and your paper with the included changes from the feedback.

9. Make the needed revisions and prepare your final draft.

Final Submission Inclusions: a. The four drafts and revisions from this assignment. Grading Criteria:

 Category Standards Introduction, organization, format & media Topic is introduced & each element builds on that which precedes it to create a unified whole; includes formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., figures, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. Development of ideas and content Topic is thoroughly developed with significant and relevant facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other necessary information and examples using credible sources Development of relationships, cohesion and flow Uses appropriate and varied transitions to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships among complex ideas and concepts. Word choice, style and tone Uses precise language, topic-specific vocabulary, and techniques such as metaphor, simile, and analogy to manage the complexity of the topic. Establishes and maintains a formal style and objective tone while attending to norms and conventions. Conclusion Provides a concluding statement or section that illustrates the importance of the topic discussed, follows and supports the information or explanations presented, and provides a sense of confident closure, beyond just repetition of earlier statements Conventions and language skills Has few or no errors in conventions, grammar or usage; uses parallel structure and variety in sentences, phrases and clauses

SAVE ALL OF YOUR WORK FROM THIS QUARTER

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 5 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.05 Health History Report (Participation Skills and Fitness)

 teacher-scored 40 points possible 90 minutes

This assignment should be completed by WEEK 2 of this class You are going to use resources on the internet (and you may also use other resources) to complete a personalized report on physical activity, nutrition, and lifelong wellness.

You will also need to talk to family members to find out about possible familial factors that may influence your health. Copy and paste the section between asterisks into a word processing document on your computer. Complete the assignment and save it on your computer. Then submit your work.

****************************************

Name:

Date:

Part 1: Family Factors Research Talk to family members (parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, siblings) about their health and physical activity. Find out about both positive and negative factors. Do you have family members who have stayed fit and active later into life? Have there been problems with diabetes, weight, cancer, asthma, heart disease, stroke, blood pressure, depression/anxiety, osteoporosis, Alzheimer's, arthritis, smoking, drugs/alcohol or any other diseases? What physical activities have family members continued as adults? What eating and activity habits in your family affect your health (positively or negatively)? Note that if you are adopted, the genetic factors in your adoptive family may not apply, but habits and lifestyle still do!

Part 2: Personal Factors Evaluate yourself--do you have physical or mental health problems? What has been your history of physical activities so far? How do your hobbies, interests, habits and personal preferences help or hinder your physical fitness and health? Do you want to lose weight, gain muscle, get more coordinated, graceful, strong, or quick? What are your strong and weak points as far as physical activities go? What goals do you have for physical fitness, activity skills and wellness as you become an adult?

Part 3: Internet and Library Research Use Pioneer Library and/or other internet resources to find information about how you can help prevent, control or reduce the main health and fitness problems likely in your life, and how you can reach your goals of a healthy lifestyle. List the best eight to ten articles, websites or books you find. For each source you find, list (a) the title and author, (b) the url (web address), magazine or publisher, and (c) a brief summary of the kind of information available at that source that is significant for your situation.

Part 4: Summary Write at least 100 words about what you learned and how you plan to use this information. Include the three best (most useful or important) ideas you learned in your research.

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Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 2 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06 Space Text book (Earth Systems)

 teacher-scored 50 points possible 700 minutes

Assignment:

This is a BIG project. You are to write a textbook that documents many of the components of the space systems of which Earth is a part. Your textbook will contain four chapters, as outlined below.

· Be written in your own words (that means it should be easily understood by the typical high school freshman)

· Cover ALL of the information required

· Include illustrations and diagrams.

· Be scientifically accurate

· Be referenced. You MUST cite all information sources you use, including the addresses of all Internet sites.

· Include THREE multiple-choice questions for each chapter. The multiple-choice questions must have answers with them. Each chapter is worth 10 points. The entire project is worth 50 points. (10 points for the information included in each of the four chapters and an additional 10 points for having illustrations and multiple choice questions.)

Suggested Internet sites will be given for each chapter (see the URL's). You may use these sites, but you do not have to. You may use any sources of information available to you, provided that you reference them. Each chapter will probably be about three pages long.

You should include enough information to adequately cover the subject but I certainly do not expect a major research paper on each topic.

I STRONGLY suggest that you complete the first chapter and send it to me before working on the remaining three chapters. I will review your work and will tell you whether what you have done is satisfactory or if you need to invest more time and effort into your work. You may give your FOUR chapters any title of your choosing, but the contents of your chapters must be as follows:

Chapter One: The History of Cosmology

Cosmology is the scientific study of the large-scale properties of the Universe as a whole. Over the centuries, mankind’s ideas about the nature of the universe have changed significantly. In this chapter you will describe how the accepted ideas regarding the nature of the universe have changed in science throughout history.

In your chapter, include explanations of the ideas of the following individuals:

· The ancient Greeks · Ptolemy · Copernicus · Galileo · Kepler · Newton · Hubble · Einstein · ALSO, identify at least two examples of how technology has helped scientists investigate the universe. (HINT: The telescope is an example of technology.)

Do NOT copy the text from your sources word for word. I have read the information on the sites. I will recognize it if you cut and paste it into your text. You will FAIL the assignment if you cut and paste the information from your sources into your textbook. You MUST write it in your own words.

STOP! Send me your first chapter for review before you continue.

Chapter Two: Origin of the Universe

· Describe the Big Bang Theory. 1. What does the theory state? 2. When did the Big Bang occur?

3. What happened during the Bang?

4. What happened in the microseconds, seconds, minutes, and years after the Big Bang?

· Describe at least three pieces of evidence that support the Big Bang Theory, including:

1. Red shift evidence. What is a red shift? What does it tell us about the relative motion of a star or of the universe? Does the red shift indicate the universe is expanding or contracting?

2. Cosmic microwave background energy. Where does it come from? How does its presence support the Big Bang Theory?

3. The numbers and kinds of atoms found in the universe. There are many more hydrogen and helium atoms in the universe that any other kind of atoms. Where did they come from? How did they form? How does their relative abundance support the Big Bang Theory?

REMEMBER to include your three multiple-choice questions as well as your references. Also, write the text in your own words and include illustrations or diagrams.

Chapter Three: Star Life Cycles

· Describe the life cycle of a typical star.

· Compare life cycle of the sun to the life cycle of other stars.

· Hydrogen and helium (light elements) were formed during the Big Bang. Describe how the heavier elements were formed. (HINT: The answer has to do with the end of a star’s life!)

· While you are at it, explain the origin of heavy elements on Earth. Where did most of the matter on Earth come from? (HINT: The answer is the same as the answer to the preceding question!)

REMEMBER to include your three multiple-choice questions with answers. Also, document your sources and write the text in your own words. Have you included diagrams or illustrations?

Chapter Four: Life on Earth

· Describe the unique physical features of Earth’s environment that make life on Earth possible. Consider things like the atmosphere (including ozone layer and greenhouse gases), solar energy, and water.

· Choose two planets in our solar system and compare them to Earth.

Consider their:

1. average temperatures, low and high

2. location in the solar system

3. satellites

4. atmosphere

5. gravity

6. common elements

7. geology

8. other interesting facts

REMEMBER to include your three multiple-choice questions with answers. Also, write the text in your own words and identify your sources of information. Don’t forget your diagrams and/or illustrations!

Send your completed text to me.

GOOD LUCK AND HAVE FUN!!!!!!!!!

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 7 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.06 Thesis My Thesis . . . - English 10

 teacher-scored 50 points possible 60 minutes

A specific subject THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA + a particular stand, feeling, or feature WAS SPECIFICALLY BUILT AS A DEFENSE SYSTEM = an effective thesis statement of purpose Sample Thesis Statements: 1. What is the Great Wall of China and why was it built? OR 2. Certain political forces were at work when the Great Wall of China was being developed as a defense system.

Refine your thesis statement according to the following checklist

Thesis Checklist Make sure your thesis statement… _____ identifies a limited, specific subject _____ focuses on a particular stand, feature, or feeling about the subject _____ is stated in a clear, direct sentence (or sentences) _____ can be supported with the convincing facts and details you have researched and included in your drafts _____ meets the requirements of the assignments and explains what you are wanting to present or prove to your readers

You can use your original thesis phraseology, if it seems to meet the stated requirements, but make sure you have included the main idea that you have formulated throughout the research process of your topic.

Final Submission Inclusions: a. copy of the original thesis, labeled as thesis 1 b. copy of the new thesis, pasted below the old one and labeled as thesis 2 c. the body of the research paper needs to be attached below the two thesis statements Grading Criteria:

 Category Standards The student chooses a topic for research and formulates a thesis statement The student chooses a topic for research and makes modifications to the topic as information is gathered, then formulates a thesis statement that can be proven by the research. THESIS STATEMENT is clear, obvious, and outlines the (at least) three topics discussed in the BODY of the paper.

SAVE ALL OF YOUR WORK FROM THIS QUARTER

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 6 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.07 Revision… ooooh, that nasty word! - English 10

 teacher-scored 50 points possible 120 minutes

Thinking it through.: digitalart / FreeDigitalPhotos.netTake your time and do this part right! These are some of the most important steps in the writing process. Here is where you will catch mistake, remove unnecessary verbiage, and add new information you might have forgotten etc. Using the latest version of your research paper, with the new finalized thesis statement (you can remove the old thesis statement now), make sure it includes each of the following sections, below, and that they all fit together and work to make your thesis points clear. Copy and paste the section between the rows of asterisks, below, into a word document. Check that each section of your paper is complete by comparing it to the standards listed. Make notes in the lettered sections on how you have included each of the parts using explanations and direct quotes from your paper when necessary. If you have missed any parts, include them now and make a note as to what you missed and what you had to do to accommodate that step. ****************************************************************************************************

Introduction – Check for:

1. Attention getter

2. Introduction of topic (Cut and paste your finalized thesis statement here)

Body Paragraphs – Check for:

1. Clarity

2. One main point per paragraph and supporting details

3. Paragraphs arranged in logical order

4. Logical transitions between paragraph and topics

5. Clear ties to the thesis

6. Feel free to cut and paste information from some of your previous drafts if you find sections that fit together better

Conclusion – Check for:

1. Summarization of main points

2. A closing statement that is new and unique but should have the same tone and purpose as your thesis statement

3. Remember to always write a research paper in 3rd person (no you’s, me’s or I’s. Your opinion is NOT important here, only the substantiated facts!)

Editing - Check for:

1. Accuracy

a. Make sure that if you write it, you can prove it and support it. a.

b. Double check and clean up mechanical errors and awkward sentences (this usually takes at least 3 reads at 3 different times as well as the reading and critiquing of friends and family members) a.

2. Giving Credit

a. You must cite your sources a.

b. Using quotations properly a.

c. Referencing of ideas

Final Copy - Check for:

1. Typed – Doubled spaced, 4-5 pages (usually). a.

2. No spelling or grammar mistakes (use spell and grammar check!) a.

*************************************************************************************************************************************************************** Make all of the necessary revisions, based on your notes above. Final Submission Inclusions: a. Revision notes b. The most recent final copy of your paper with the new thesis and revisions completed Grading Criteria:

 Category Standards Introduction, organization, format and media Topic is introduced and each element builds on that which precedes it to create a unified whole; includes formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., figures, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. Development of ideas and content Topic is thoroughly developed with significant and relevant facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other necessary information and examples using credible sources Development of relationships, cohesion and flow Uses appropriate and varied transitions to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships among complex ideas and concepts. Word choice, style and tone Uses precise language, topic-specific vocabulary, and techniques such as metaphor, simile, and analogy to manage the complexity of the topic. Establishes and maintains a formal style and objective tone while attending to norms and conventions. Conclusion Provides a concluding statement or section that illustrates the importance of the topic discussed, follows and supports the information or explanations presented, and provides a sense of confident closure, beyond just repetition of earlier statements Conventions and language skills Has few or no errors in conventions, grammar or usage; uses parallel structure and variety in sentences, phrases and clauses

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 6 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.08 The Crowning Jewel - English 10

 teacher-scored 200 points possible 120 minutes

Accuracy matters.: Elwood W. McKay III / FreeDigitalPhotos.netDocumenting Sources:

The list of your sources is called a "Works Cited" page, and you will need to include one with your research paper. You will also need to include internal citations of your sources. There are a few steps to documenting material references. Using your final copy of this paper, check off that you have a complete works cited page and that your internal citations are properly documented, using the following criteria.

Internal Citations (parenthetical notation)

1. When you use sources, books, encyclopedias, websites, etc., you are using someone else's ideas. Even if you rewrite those ideas in your own words, they are still not your ideas. So, you must give the author credit for what he originally wrote.

2. It is very simple to give credit when using information or ideas belonging to someone else. When you paraphrase, summarize, or quote ideas and or material from another source, include, at the end of the last quoted, paraphrased, or summarized material, two pieces of information in parentheses:

1. The last name of the author and

2. The page number of the document where the material was written.

Example: “I love to grade papers as soon as I receive them” (Mortensen, 2). [Notice that the period comes after the citation in parenthesis] This is called parenthetical notation.

3. Keep a detailed list of all of the sources used in your internal citations to ensure they   are included in your works cited page.

Works Cited

1. Each citation in a works cited page requires specific punctuation, indentation, and abbreviation.

2. Alphabetize your list of citations by authors' last names.

3. Do not indent the first line but indent all of the other lines in the citation, if it is long enough to create more than one line.

4. The information must be listed on a separate page and must be labeled as "Works Cited" with this title centered at the top of the page. For information regarding the specific punctuation and formatting needed for various types of sources please visit the following website listed in the URL links below.

Save your works cited page and internal citations in your paper. GIVE YOUR PAPER A FORMAL TITLE! Submit your paper for final grading. Grading Criteria: 1. Complete works cited page is correctly formatted 2. Internal citations are well documented 3. The paper has a clear and interesting title 4. Final version of the paper is submitted with the above inclusions completed SAVE ALL OF YOUR WORK FROM THIS QUARTER

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 7 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 04.09.00 Q1 Writing Assignment - Computer Characteristics and Uses (C++)

 teacher-scored 45 points possible 120 minutes

Use the World Wide Web and at least 3 different websites to research the topic: Computer Characteristics and Uses. Then complete the following writing assignment using you own words about this topic. Submit your assignment under topic 3.
Introduction – Describe at least five different applications of computer technology. 5 points
Body – Describe the characteristics of a computer which allows it to function effectively in each of the applications described in the introduction. 25 points
Conclusion – Summarize how the characteristics of a computer allow it to be a versatile and useful tool. 5 points
Works cited – Use the web to find and use the correct way of citing your sources of information in MLA format. 5 points
Editing – Edit your work to correct any errors in spelling, grammar etc. 5 points

### 05.01 Inner Planets report (Astronomy1)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 50 minutes

The Inner Planets - Research Assignment
The Inner Planets are Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. The key feature that these four have which distinguishes them from the four Outer Planets is that they are relatively small, and they are rocky planets. From the link provided, go to the NASA site for the selected Inner Planet of your choice and write a report on that planet. This is a high school credit course and I expect a minimum of one (1) page of research written in your own words. Any evidence of plagiarism or violation of copyright laws will warrant dismissal from this course.

### 05.01.04 Oral history (English 10)

 teacher-scored 30 points possible 90 minutes

Go to Topic 3 (assignments, quizzes and tests) to submit your work, and see any additional instructions from your teacher.

### 05.02.01 I Search Research Project (English 11)

 teacher-scored 70 points possible 180 minutes

President Richard Nixon, 1972: NARA, public domain via Wikimedia Commons

I Search Research Review Assignment

*This assignment should be completed in a word-processing program and sent as an attachment to the teacher

Section 1: First, write a paragraph describing the topic you have chosen and why you have chosen it. Explain what you already know about the subject, what you think you know, what you assume or what you imagine. (10 points)

Section 2:  Create an annotated bibliography.

You need to find at least four sources on your chosen topic (you can only have two Internet sources). Sources found in Pioneer Library are not considered “internet” sources.

You are going to complete an annotation for each of the sources you have found. To do an annotation, first put the bibliographic information, then write a complete paragraph discussing the information in the source. Do not simply copy and paste information--it must be in your own words. (40 Points)

Annotated Bibliography Example

(Bibliography) McPherson, James. To the Best of My Ability: The American Presidents. Dorling- Kindersley: New York, 2001.

(Descriptive Paragraph) This book is an excellent look at the highlight of each President. It contain nearly 500 pages of amazing information that is detailed enough to avoid triviality yet is simple and easy to read. To the Best of My Ability is an outstanding reference book but also includes little known facts about each president. One of my favorite features of this book is the use of specific quotations stated by each president. This book also contains some great pictures of each president. Another handy feature are the side bars which includes tidbits of information such as date of birth, party affiliation, and the major events of the presidency. Each president’s section details their presidency from beginning to end. I choose to look specifically at Richard Nixon for my report. One interesting thing I learned about Nixon was that “in spite of his known flaws, a lot of Americans obviously did like him (267). I was also surprised to read a remark by Adlai Stevenson that “this is a man of many masks… who can say they have seen his real face” (269).

Section 3: This section should be between two and three paragraphs. You need to compare what you originally thought about your subject with what you have learned. Include personal commentary and draw conclusions. You should use the information you found in your research. You should include at least two textual references in your discussion. (20 Points)

Section 3 Alternate: Instead of writing three paragraphs discussing what you have learned, you can put the information into a PowerPoint presentation or create a video presentation outlining what you have learned in your research.

I Search Scoring Rubric

Section 1= 10 Points
6 Points= complete paragraph outlining what you already know about the topic
4 Points= paragraph is well written and engaging with few errors in spelling and grammar

Section 2= 40 Points
Each annotation is worth 10 Points
5 Points= complete paragraph summary of the article
3 Points= correct MLA bibliographic information is included
2 Points= paragraph is not copied from the source and is well written with few errors

Section 3= 20 Points
9 Points= review paragraphs discuss the topic in detail focusing on the new information acquired
5 Points= paragraphs are well written and engaging with few errors
6 Points= Information from the research is used in the discussion and specific textual references are used.
Section 3 Alternate= 20 Points
8 Points= Research is presented thoroughly in a PowerPoint presentation or video; new information learned is clear
6 Points= Presentation of the topic is creative and engaging
6 Points= Specific textual references are used in the presentation and somehow highlighted for emphasis

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 6 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 05.09. Written Essay Assignment

 teacher-scored 30 points possible 60 minutes

Listed below are three essay questions, (found after the ***) one of which must be answered at any time during the course. You select which one of the three questions you want to answer.

Please answer the question thoughtfully in a argumentative or persuasive 500-word essay (double-spaced with 12 point font). This essay will be graded based on the completeness of the answer and the writing style used in the composition. Include an introduction, body, and conclusion in your essay along with a bibliography or citation of your sources. You must have a minimum of three sources and you cannot use Wikipedia, Yahoo, Ask Jeeves or similiar sites. Your essay is worth a maximum of 30 points.

Essays are a mysterious beast. I am going to try to give you a view into what you need to do in order to do well, and to let you what I expect.

HOW TO DO AN US HISTORY ESSAY

The first thing I want you to do is look at the stick man. There are five parts to a stick man. Each part of this stick man will represent a part of the essay.

• The head tells everything else what to do. So it thinks briefly(in the opening paragraph) about what it is going to tell the body what to do. For example; if I am writing an essay about the Civil War then I might say; The Civil War has many causes and in essence a powder keg, it just needed the right spark to set it off. Three 'sparks' were the election of President Lincoln, tensions between North and South, and slavery. (Now this wouldn't be the entire opening paragraph but there is a glimpse of part of it.) So if you'll notice the head just outlined three things that are going to be discussed in more detail in each body paragraph.
• Arms: Body paragraph 1. The arms make the body able to get things done.
• If we are sticking with the Civil War example this paragraph I would discuss President Lincoln's election and then I would tell three reasons why this caused the Civil War. After each reason I would discuss why that reason led to the Civil War. For example: President Lincoln's election was one cause of the Civil War, he was an abolitionist and after his election the South worried that he might push to outlaw slavery. So his election ended up being the catalist for the South succeeding from the Union. So I mentioned that he was an abolitionist (fact) and that because of the souths concerns they succeeded (analysis, or the why that supports my thesis.)Then you do this at least two more times in this paragraph.
• Leg I: Body Paragraph 2. (See instructions in Body Paragraph 1) These hold the body up and take it places.
• Leg II: Body Paragraph 3. (See instruction in Body Paragraph 1) These hold the body up and take it places.
• Body: Conclusion-holds it all together
• The conclusion represented by the body is what holds everything together and provides a last bit of energy (via food digestion).
• The conclusion wraps everything up and holds it together but it doesn't make sweeping generalizations like, "and that is why we are the country we are today." So the things you would want to include are; a re-state of the thesis, you can re-word it, any kind of wrap-up, and you might even, using the example of the Civil War, talk about the devastating effects of the war. This is kind of your last chance to make your point and finish your essay strong.

Now this may be a silly or stupid analysis, but, I hope it helps you as you write your essay. I am of the opinion that next to reading, writing is the most important skill you, as a student, can develop. Be sure to read through the instructions carefully and focus your entire efforts on answering the questions, everything you do needs to support the thesis or your answer.

• Rubric
• Introduction: 8 points
___/2 All parts of the question have been addressed.
___/1 Alludes to why. . . (this is different with each question.)
___/1 Contains a point to be covered in one of the body paragraphs. (Body 1)
___/1 Contains a point to be covered in one of the body paragraphs. (Body 2)
___/1 Contains a point to be covered in one of the body paragraphs. (Body 3)

• Body Paragraph 1: 8 points
___/2 Subject sentence clearly introduces the subject to be discussed in the paragraph.
___/1 Factual evidence #1.
___/1 Analytical tie evidence to the thesis, this is the WHY. (Why. . . does this fact support the thesis.)
___/1 Factual evidence #2.
___/1 Analytical tie evidence to the thesis, this is the WHY. (Why. . . does this fact support the thesis.)
___/1 Factual evidence #3.
___/1 Analytical tie evidence to the thesis, this is the WHY. (Why. . . does this fact support the thesis.)
• Body Paragraph 2: 8 points
___/2 Subject sentence clearly introduces the subject to be discussed in the paragraph.
___/1 Factual evidence #1.
___/1 Analytical tie evidence to the thesis, this is the WHY. (Why. . . does this fact support the thesis.)
___/1 Factual evidence #2.
___/1 Analytical tie evidence to the thesis, this is the WHY. (Why. . . does this fact support the thesis.)
___/1 Factual evidence #3.
___/1 Analytical tie evidence to the thesis, this is the WHY. (Why. . . does this fact support the thesis.)
• Body Paragraph 3: 8 points
___/2 Subject sentence clearly introduces the subject to be discussed in the paragraph.
___/1 Factual evidence #1.
___/1 Analytical tie evidence to the thesis, this is the WHY. (Why. . . does this fact support the thesis.)
___/1 Factual evidence #2.
___/1 Analytical tie evidence to the thesis, this is the WHY. (Why. . . does this fact support the thesis.)
___/1 Factual evidence #3.
___/1 Analytical tie evidence to the thesis, this is the WHY. (Why. . . does this fact support the thesis.)
• Conclusion: 4 points
___/2 Some kind of wrap-up of the material is evident without the use of the phrase, "we wouldn't be here today if. . ." or any variation of that phrase.
___/2 Thesis is re-stated is some form. (The thesis is the answer to the question.)
• Sources: 3 points
___/1 First source is cited.
___/1 Second source is cited.
___/1 Third source is cited.
• Format:
___/1 Essay is written in 2 pages and is double spaced.

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Writing Assignment Option 1
In the first section of the course, you studied political patronage and the spoils system. Is this system a good or bad one for the American people. Why or why not?

Writing Assignment Option 2
You have studied the growth of labor unions in America. Is there still a need for unions today? Why or why not?

Writing Assignment Option 3
Compare and contrast the home-front changes of World War I to what we are experiencing in America today with the War on Terror. How are they the same and how are they different? Are changes in civilians' lives justified during wartime Why or why not?

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 7 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 06.01 Outer planets report(Astronomy1)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 50 minutes

The Outer Planets - Research Assignment
The Outer Planets are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. The key feature that these four have which distinguishes them from the four Inner Planets is that they are large gas planets. From the link provided, go to the NASA site for the selected Outer Planet of your choice and write a report on that planet. This is a high school credit course and I expect a minimum of one (1) page of research written in your own words. Any evidence of plagiarism or violation of copyright laws will warrant dismissal from this course.

### 06.03 Artist Responses to Reporter Questions (ArtFouii2)

 teacher-scored 30 points possible 75 minutes

Norman Rockwell, Kathee Kollwitz, Vincent William van Gogh, Grant Wood, MC Escher, Rembrandt and Albrecht Durer

Each one of these artists has a different style. A style is a unique way of drawing. Much like a signature that you make to sign your name. No two of these artists draw or paint the same way. We can learn much about looking at each artists' work. We can learn what we like and what we don't like.

"Reporter Guided Questions"
Objective: Select from one of the artists above. Complete the questionnaire in statement form and in correct sentence structure with correct facts. Remember that people speak differently than they write. Make the answers sound like what the artist might say, not like an encyclopedia entry. Do NOT copy and paste information from your research sources (that would be plagiarism). Re-write the information from the artist's point of view (in his/her words, as you imagine them speaking). Have the artist talk at more length than just the minimum, basic answers to the questions. Give reasons, examples or explanations to demonstrate your knowledge of the artist's work.

Submit your questions and answers. You may copy and paste the questions below into a word document. Make sure to include your full name on the assignment and the name of the artist that you are doing your report on. Also include an image of one of the artist's paintings/works that you like (or the URL for the image).

Imagine you were a reporter and could ask these questions of the artist:

1. Reporter: When were you born, where did you live? What were some other key events in your life that might have influenced you?
Artist possible statement: (For example, you might start out: I was born...)

2. Reporter: How did you get started in the field of art? What things discouraged or encouraged you?
Artist possible statement:

3. Reporter: What do you feel were your most important contributions to the visual arts? (A piece of art, a style, or possibly a technique)
Artist possible statement:

4. Reporter: What would your advice be to someone entering the field of the arts?
Artist possible statement:

5. Reporter: During your lifetime, what success or recognition did you receive? Why do you think that was?
Artist possible statement:

6. Reporter: This is one of your works that I like:
(Paste in image, or list URL of website where image can be seen.)

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### 06.08.01 Final Paper Research (English 11)

 teacher-scored 51 points possible 75 minutes

Prompt: Some people feel that the public school system does not adequately prepare students for the real world. Identify and discuss improvements you think schools need to make in order to better prepare students for life after high school.

Research three articles that would help you make a claim on this topic.  You may choose from the articles listed below or research your own.  EBSCO in Pioneer Library is a great resource to use for research.

You will need to accurately cite all of your sources for your paper.  EBSCO has a tool to use for citing sources from there. For other sources, you may find a site such as citationmachine.net helpful in generating accurate citations.  If you need to review this information, it can be found in Unit 5.

After reading each article, you will answer the questions below. Please use a word processing program to type your responses in a single document and then turn in all together as an attachment. Copy and paste the material between the asterisk lines into a word-processing document to help you complete the assignment.

*********************************************************************

Respond to each question for each article:

1. What is the author’s main claim? (2 points)

2. What key points does the author make to support his/her claim? (2 points)

3. Do you agree or disagree with the author? Explain your position. (3 points)

5. Directly quote two sections of the text you could use in your essay. (4 points)

6. Explain why you think this author is a credible source. (2 points)

7. Include the correct MLA documentation for each source. (3 points)

16 Points for each article= 48 Points total

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Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 07.01 Object of choice report(Astronomy1)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 50 minutes

In addition to the 8 planets, our solar system has other important objects that, together with the planets and the sun, comprise our Solar System. All of the planets except Mercury and Venus have moons. Many of these moons are fascinating worlds of their own. We also have comets, asteroids, meteoroids and the still-mysterious Kuiper Belt. From the list of choices on the link, select any object other than one of the 8 planets and write a report. Go to the assignment under Topic 3 to submit your report. This is a high school credit course and I expect a minimum of one (1) page of research written in your own words. Any evidence of plagiarism or violation of copyright laws will warrant dismissal from this course.

### 07.07 Editorial Writing - English 10

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 90 minutes

9-10SL1 9-10SL1c 9-10SL1d Editorial Writing Prep.

You will be writing an editorial in this lesson, so you need to learn as much as you can about this type of writing process. Read the information on the following sites and view the slide show, listed in the URLs below, to learn all you can about writing editorials.

Writing Assignment #1

Read 3 different editorials from a school newspaper and analyze how well the students conformed to the rules of editorial writing based on what you learned in the URLs below. Provide the name of the article and the student writer as the title of your one paragraph analysis.

Writing Assignment #2

Read three different types of editorials from your local paper. These are not to be confused with letters to the editor. Analyze the editorial style and critique the effectiveness. Provide the names of the newspapers, articles, and the authors. I would also like the publication date. Your analysis should be at least one paragraph for each article. Remember, you are analyzing the writing style and effectiveness, based on what you have learned in this course.

After you have carefully worked through all of the editorial material, above, begin your own editorial writing. Why Editorials? Editorials are written for a number of reasons. Some of the purposes in writing an editorial are to present a call to action or to pay tribute.

Sometimes opinion writers use satire to poke fun of issues. After reviewing this unit's materials, regarding editorial writing, write an editorial, on any topic of your choice, using one of the purposes above: Satire, tribute, or call to action, keeping in mind to utilize ethical persuasive techniques to avoid the digression into propaganda like writing.

For the purposes of this assignment, please keep your article as a general opinion and not personal. You can do this best by focusing on verifiable facts, personal experiences of others; that can be documented, supportive examples, and by avoiding personalized pronouns like “I”. You also will need to present an honest representation of both sides of the issue, as a way to balance the scales and effectively support your argument. You may even find that your stand changes as you investigate the facts thoroughly, from both sides.

Copy and paste the steps and writing activities between the rows of asterisks below into a word document and respond to them accordingly.

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Step One Choose a topic/general public opinion to research.

Step Two Document the facts and sources you will be using for this article. Make sure they are reliable and quotable.

Step Three Employ the editorial writing techniques, that you learned above, to write an outline of your article. Include where you will include the documented facts and quotes.

Step Four Submit all of the steps above, for approval.

Once I have approved your topic, sources, and outline, write your article. Make sure you are not copying an editorial you have seen somewhere else. This needs to be your own research work. Submit your completed article and I will give you the needed feedback and allow you opportunities to revise it until it is ready for "publication".

***********************************************************************************************************************************************

Final Submission Inclusions:

a. writing assignment #1

b. writing assignment #2

c. all four steps of the editorial writing are completed and approved by me accordingly

d. final article is revised and ready for publication

*All of these parts must be included for full credit. Grading Criteria:

 Category Standards Introduction & organization Introduces precise, knowledgeable claim, establishes significance, distinguishes from opposing or alternate claims, and sets up logical organization of claims, counterclaims, reasons and evidence Development of ideas and content Develops claims and counterclaims fairly and thoroughly, supplies most relevant data and evidence, points out strength and limitations in discipline-appropriate form, anticipating audience knowledge, concerns, biases and values, using credible sources Development of relationships, cohesion and flow Uses words, clauses and phrases, as well as varied syntax, to link major sections of the text, create cohesion and clarify the relationships between claims and reasons, claims and counterclaims, reasons and evidence. Word choice, style and tone Establish and maintain a smooth, formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms, vocabulary and conventions of the discipline for which they are writing Conclusion Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented, while providing a sense of confident closure, beyond just repetition of earlier statements Conventions and language skills Has few or no errors in conventions, grammar or usage; uses parallel structure and variety in sentences, phrases and clauses

SAVE ALL OF YOUR WORK FROM THIS QUARTER

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 07.08.00 Q2 Writing Assignment - Video Gaming Impact on Society and/or Individuals (C++)

 teacher-scored 45 points possible 120 minutes

Use the World Wide Web and at least 3 websites to research the topic: Video Gaming Impact on Society and/or Individuals. Then complete the following writing assignment using you own words about this topic. Submit you answer in topic 3.

Introduction – Describe the current variety and availability of Video Games in our society. 5 points
Body – Describe at least five advantages of playing video games and their effects on individuals and/or society in general. 10 points
Describe at least five disadvantages of playing video games and their effect on individuals and/or society in general. 10 points
Conclusion – Explain how you feel about the positive verses the negative aspects of playing video games on individuals and/or society in general. 10 points
Works cited – Use the web to find and use the correct way of citing your sources of information in MLA format. 5 points
Editing – Edit your work to correct any errors in spelling, grammar etc. 5 points

### 08.01 Mars exploration and inhabiting other planets (Astronomy1)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 60 minutes

Exploration of Mars - Research Assignment
Mars has always fascinated us from down here on planet Earth. Fanciful legends, stories, books and even radio broadcasts have speculated on the possibility of life on Mars. Today we have given up the belief that there is, or ever has been, intelligent life or civilizations of aliens living on our "Red Planet" neighbor. But quite certainly there will be intelligent life on Mars in the future - perhaps even within your life time. Plans are well developed to someday send an expeditionary team to set up a work base and scientific community on Mars.

From the interactive internet link provided, search through the complexities of setting up a base on Mars. Submit a synopsis of the information that you learned. As the instructor I will be looking for evidence that you spent a meaningful amount of time in the discovery process and have an understanding of the tremendous obstacles and scientific problems that must be solved to inhabit such a distant and hostile place. This is a high school credit course and I expect a minimum of one (1) page of research written in your own words. Any evidence of plagiarism or violation of copyright laws will warrant dismissal from this course.

### 08.01.02 Annotated bibliography (English 12)

 teacher-scored 50 points possible 240 minutes

As a result of this assignment, the student will:

• locate resources relevant to a specific controversial issue
• examine and review sources to determine credibility
• cite sources using MLA documentation
• write annotations summarizing the theme, scope, and credibility of sources

Having selected and informally written about your chosen issue, this assignment requires you to round out your understanding of your controversial issue by conducting and documenting some formal research about it.

You will need to identify, access, and evaluate a minimum of five credible resources in regards to your issue. (Since some of your sources will likely come from information on the Internet, be mindful of issues of website credibility that have been covered in previous assignments.) Perhaps one of the most useful resources for your research will be Pioneer, Utah's Online Library. Here you can find articles in local, national, and international newspapers as well as scholarly articles about a host of social issues. (Given the nature of this assignment, the SIRS Knowledge Source will prove especially useful.)

Although access to the resources on the Pioneer Library is free to Utah educators and students, you will need to have the appropriate passwords if you intend to access the materials from home. Although I can not disclose these passwords publicly due to contractual agreements, I will be happy to provide them to you upon request. They are also available from your local school librarian.

As you seek to identify appropriate resources for your research, make a concerted effort to seek out resources that adequately represent both points of view. Effective argumentation requires an appreciable understanding of both sides of the issue. Consequently, you will need to locate objective resources or at least counterbalance any bias sources with sources that are bias in the other direction. (One good way to approach your research is to determine what organizations are known to be for or against your issue. Organizations like the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), for example, are renown for their positions on many different social issues associated with personal and civil liberties.)

The results of your research efforts will be cast in the form of an annotated bibliography. An annotated bibliography, like a conventional bibliography, lists all the sources you have used in your research. In addition to the citation, however, an annotated bibliography has notes or annotations, which begin after the period ending the bibliographic citation. These annotations tell what is important or characteristic about a source. The annotation offers a brief descriptive and evaluative paragraph to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.

An annotation, by nature, is fairly brief--approximately 100-150 words. It summarizes the central theme and scope of the reference source. Annotations typically:

• summarize the content of the source
• analyze or critically evaluate the source
• comment on the intended audience
• compare or contrast this work with other cited works
• explain how this work relates to your theme or topic
• point out valuable properties or qualities of the source in addition to the text
• comment on the author's intellectual/academic credentials
• identify possible bias or shortcomings in the work

A typical annotated citation, using MLA documentation would look something like the following example:

Doe, J. T. and Williams, W. R. "Parental supervision of television viewing and aggressive behavior

in children",  Journal of Television and Violence, 51 (1996): 534-540. The authors, researchers

at Western State College, collected data from a group of 8 year olds to test their hypothesis

that the amount of violence children saw on television relates to the aggressiveness of their

behavior. They found that children who were allowed to watch evening police dramas and

"made for TV" specials with abusive situations demonstrated increased aggressive behavior

over children who were not permitted to watch these programs. The researchers did not find a

connection between aggression in children and television violence as displayed in cartoons and

news programs. Another study, conducted by Smith and Wesson, showed that the amount of

television violence viewed by children does correlate with aggressive behavior. Smith and

Wesson, however, do not consider the type of program viewed. The article by Doe and

Williams is one of the few studies that examines aggressive behavior as it relates to different

types of television programs.


• Center the title of your bibliography at the top of the page. (For example, "An Annotated Bibliography on _____".)
• Begin each entry flush with the left margin. All subsequent lines, however, should be indented five spaces.
• Double space all entries and between entries.
• Format the information in the entry according to the type of entry.
• Begin annotation immediately after the period that ends the bibliographic citation.
• Arrange the items on your reference list alphabetically by author, interfiling books, articles, etc.
• Abbreviate the names of all months except May, June, and July.
• If the encyclopedia does not arrange its articles alphabetically, treat the encyclopedia article as if it were a book article. Specific volume and page numbers are cited in the text, not in the list of references.
• Websites: include the title of the web page, the name of the entire web site, the organization that posted it (this may be the same as the name of the website). Also include the full date the page was created or last updated (day, month, year if available) and the date you looked at it.
• Internet Magazine Articles: Include the company that provides the database service and its home webpage; the full date of the article (day, month, year if available) and the date you looked at it; as well as the library or other organization (and its location) that provided you with access to the service. If you are citing a journal instead of a magazine, include the volume (and issue number) and date as shown under the Journal Style above.

Evaluation:
The following criteria will be used to determine your score on the annotated bibliography assignment:

• Does it contain at least five credible sources?
• Do the various sources adequately represent multiple points of view?
• Does it adhere to MLA format?
• Do annotations adequately summarize the source?
• Do annotations also evaluate the credibility of the source?
• Are citations edited and presented professionally?
• Are citations presented in alphabetical order?

A useful resource for putting together your bibliographic citations is the Landmark Citation Machine. This online tool enables you to identify the type of reference you need to cite. Then, it provides the necessary fields of information for you to fill in. By merely clicking the "Make Citation" button, the tool provides you with the appropriate citation format, in both MLA and APA formats. You simply need to copy and paste the citation into your text file.

### 08.01.06 Two page paper (Teen Living)

 teacher-scored 15 points possible 90 minutes

Two-Page Paper
Write a two-page, single-spaced paper on a topic relating to the subject matter of this quarter. An essential part of the paper is saying how this topic affected you or changed your behavior. You must have at least three resources on the topic.

### 09.01 Astronaut report (Astronomy1)

 teacher-scored 50 points possible 50 minutes

Research Assignment
If we may borrow a phrase from the Star Trek series, space truly is "the final frontier." Our journey into space has been the greatest exploration adventure in the history of mankind. Our current exploration via the Space Shuttle and building the International Space Station (ISS) has been made possible by the genius, hard work, vision, bravery and even sacrifices of thousand who have paved the way. To borrow the words of Sir Isaac Newton, we “stand on the shoulders of giants.”

In this final unit in getting a taste of our solar neighborhood, this is the first of two final reports.

Go to the internet link for “Astronaut Biographies” and select an astronaut of your choice. Read about their life and submit a report.

### 09.02 Human Space Flight report (Astronomy1)

 teacher-scored 50 points possible 50 minutes

Go to the internet link for “Human Space Flight” and select a human space flight topic that you would like to learn more about. Submit your report. This is a high school credit course and I expect a minimum of one (1) page of research written in your own words. Any evidence of plagiarism or violation of copyright laws will warrant dismissal from this course.

### 09.05 Breeds Compare/Contrast paper (Horse Mgt)

 teacher-scored 25 points possible 60 minutes

Choose two breeds that interest you, and write a comparison/contrast essay about them. The basic idea of a comparison/contrast paper is to explain how the two are alike, how they are different, and the relative advantages and disadvantages of each. You could include a brief description of each breed. You might want to consider this assignment from the point of view of what would make the best horse for you, or what would make the best horse for a particular type of riding or competition. For extra help on writing your paper, you might look in an English book, or ask an English teacher.

DO NOT copy and paste information into your paper. Put it into your own words. If you use a direct quote, put it in quotation marks and identify your source.
Your paper should be 3-5 pages long (typed, double spaced, 12pt font, standard margins).
It should include reasons for your choices and accurate information.
There should be smooth transitions, and a flow of ideas that makes sense.
It should show evidence of editing (fewer than 5 errors in spelling, punctuation & mechanics).
Also attach a "works cited" page indicating your sources of information (do not worry about the exact format of this page - just make sure to include author's names, book titles and page numbers and/or internet addresses).

### 10.03.07 - The Physics of... (Physics)

 teacher-scored 50 points possible 90 minutes

The physics of sports is a very popular topic among both sports writers and physicists. Because sports all sports involve motion, all sports make use of physics. In this class so far, I have used examples from baseball, football, golf, and even touched on hockey. There is physics in basketball, skiing, iceskating, dancing, rugby, ultimate frisbee, snowboarding, skateboarding, juggling, stix, gymnastics, volleyball, tennis, etc. etc. etc.

So, you get to write about the physics of some activity that you care about.

Part I: Research

Pick a topic that interests you, such as baseball. Then google "physics of baseball" (or physics of curling, or racing or whatever). You should get a dozen excellent websites that explain in intricate detail the physics of everything from a fast ball, to a curve ball, to pop flies, to sliding into home (or changing the friction of the ice, stopping the rock, etc., aerodynamics of racing cars, stickiness of tires, etc.).

Or you can go to the library and find a book named "physics of baseball" (or whatever you picked)

Obviously this is far too much information to put in a short paper like this. So pick about three things that you find interesting, and that you understand well enough to explain them in your own words.

Read up on these things. Take some notes. Remember to write your references down as you find them (it is hard to go back later.) When you feel confident you understand these well enough, continue onto:

Part II: Writing Assignment

You will write a standard five-paragraph essay on the physics of your favorite sport or activity. This should actually be quite straight forward. If you recall from your writing classes, a five-paragraph essay has an introductory paragraph, three "body" paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph. The introductory paragraph should have the "thesis" or the main idea of the entire essay as one sentence. Then it should have a sentence about each of the "body" paragraphs. It may include other sentences that engage the reader or elaborate the points. Each of the "body" paragraphs should have the main idea about that paragraph as one sentence. The additional sentences should give examples and supporting details about the main idea. The concluding paragraph should sum-up everything you already said.

This essay should be really straight forward to write, because you already selected three specific topics in that sport that demonstrate physics concepts that you understand. So each "body" paragraph can be about one of the three topics. You should use the following format:

Paragraph I: Introduction
• Introduce the sport and the physics behind it.

• Paragraph II: First Topic
• Explain the topic. (For example, if I was writing about baseball, this paragraph could be on a knuckle ball. A knuckle ball is is a ball that will randomly move up, down, left or right as it approaches the batter. This is a difficult ball to hit.)
• Explain the physics. (A knuckle ball is thrown without any spin. Depending on the direction of the spin, the spin can stabilize the ball, so it moves in a straighter path. Because the knuckle ball doesn't have any spin, it is very sensitive to the random air currents. Even when the air seems still, there is some movement. The knuckle ball will be bumped up, down, left, and right as it goes through these air currents. That is why it seems to move randomly, and why it is difficult to hit.)

• Paragraph III: Second Topic
• Explain the topic. (This could be about the fast ball.)
• Explain the physics.

• Paragraph IV: Third Topic
• Explain the topic. (This could be about the curve ball.)
• Explain the physics.

• Paragraph V: Conclusion
• Sum-up what you already told me in the previous 4 paragraphs.
• And, since this is a research essay, you do need to include References. These should be at the bottom of the essay. Some websites have information about how to cite that page, use the information provided. If you cannot find any information on how to cite the page, then cite the link. Books or other resources should be cited according to a standard format. (I am not picky about which referencing format [MLS,APA, etc.] you use.)

You will be graded according to the following rubric.

 Research Sources are Excellent5 Sources are Adequate4 3 2 Sources are Poor1 References are Cited Correctly5 Some References are Cited Correctly4 3 2 References are Cited Incorrectly1 Content Thesis is clear 5 Thesis is adequate 4 3 2 Thesis is poor 1 All information isfactually correct 5 Most information isfactually correct4 3 2 Many factualerrors/inconsistencies 1 Excellent discussion of detail 5 Adequate discussion of detail4 3 2 Vague discussion of detail 1 Impressive demonstration of understanding 5 Adequate demonstration of understanding4 3 2 Unexceptional demonstration of understanding 1 Effective conclusion 5 Adequate conclusion4 3 2 Weak conclusion 1 Format and Style Clear organization 5 Adequate organization4 3 2 Confusing organization 1 Smooth transitions 5 Adequate transitions4 3 2 Awkward transitions 1 Correct grammar/no spelling mistakes 5 Few grammar errors/Few spelling mistakes4 3 2 Incorrect grammar/many spelling mistakes 1

### 10.09.00 Q3 Writing Assignment - A Recent Development in Computer Technology (C++)

 teacher-scored 45 points possible 120 minutes

Use the World Wide Web and at least 3 websites to research a recent development in Computer Technology. Then complete the following writing assignment using you own words about this topic. Submit your answer under topic 3.

Introduction– Describe a recent new development in Computer Technology. 5 points
Body – Describe the following about the new technology
When was it developed? 5 points
Who developed it? 5 points
What service does it provide? 5 points
What is the relative cost of the new technology to users? 5 points
Conclusion – Explain your feelings about the value of the new technology. 5 points
Works cited – Use the web to find and use the correct way of citing your sources of information in MLA format. 5 points
Editing – Edit your work to correct any errors in spelling, grammar etc. 5 points

### 11.02 A Road Map of News Media Antiquity (Journalism)

 teacher-scored 10 points possible 60 minutes

http://www.free-timeline.com/timeline.jsp?ai=c-timeline&gclid=CPqLmZaSi6...

### 11.04 Compare/ Contrast Final Paper (English 11)

 teacher-scored 32 points possible 100 minutes

Now that you have done a bit of research on your topics, you are ready to write the final paper.

The key to a good compare/contrast is to have solid criteria for your discussion. There are many examples of criteria for comparing cars: cost, availability, insurance premiums, fuel efficiency, stereo system, passenger seating, safety, appearance. Likewise, there are many examples of criteria for comparing sports teams: players, mascot, past success, current records, host city, stadium, budget. You should have at least four criteria to use to make your comparison, but probably not more than five or six.

Your paper should be organized as follows:

The first paragraph or section should introduce the things you are comparing and list your criteria for comparing the two.
The body paragraphs should focus on your criteria for comparison (you will have at least four body paragraphs--one for each criteria).
Your last paragraph should indicate which of the two things you prefer, based on the criteria.

Of course, you should cite your sources.
This paper should be between 500-700 words. You will complete this assignment on a word processing document and upload it in the assignment section.

Rubric:
3 Points=Opening paragraph introduces the compare/contrast elements (four to five criteria) and organizes ideas, concepts, and information.
8 Points= Each body paragraph discusses a chosen criteria in detail and develops the compare/contrast thoroughly by selecting the most significant and relevant facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information
5 Points= Use appropriate and varied transitions and syntax to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships
5 Points=Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone; uses precise language and content-specific vocabulary
3 Points=Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented
5 Points=Has few or no errors in conventions, grammar or usage
3 Points= Paper is between 500-700 words; word count is included; MLA style citations

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 6 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 12.01 Technology and Space Exploration(Astronomy2)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 60 minutes

The research for this unit is very open ended. What I will ask you to do is click on the NASA web site and look for an area of technology use that you find interesting. You may choose Hubble, the International Space Station, recent or past missions or any area in NASA where technology is used in a significant manner. After you have selected and researched an area of interest, submit a summary of your finding.
This is a high school credit course and I expect a minimum of one (1) page of research written in your own words. Any evidence of plagiarism or violation of copyright laws will warrant dismissal from this course.

### 12.02.00 Q4 Writing Assignment - Object Oriented Programming (C++)

 teacher-scored 45 points possible 120 minutes

Use the World Wide Web and at least 3 websites to research the topic: Object Oriented Programming. Then complete the following writing assignment using you own words about this topic. Submit your answer under topic 3.

Introduction – Define Object Oriented Programming. 5 points
Body – Describe at least five advantages and any disadvantages of Object Oriented Programming. 25 points
Conclusion – Explain your feelings about the value of object oriented programming. 5 points
Works cited – Use the web to find and use the correct way of citing your sources of information in MLA format. 5 points
Editing – Edit your work to correct any errors in spelling, grammar etc. 5 points

### 12.06.02

 teacher-scored 20 points possible 90 minutes

Assessment Rubric:

 Content Strong thesis with clear position on issue. /4 Organization Arguments are clearly organized using the 4-Cs model. /4 Support Supporting paragraphs include arguments based on research, logic, and clear reasoning rather than opinion or emotion. /4 Clarity Claims made and connections between arguments and supporting material are clear and focused. /4 Conventions No significant errors in grammar, usage, punctuation or spelling. /4

 teacher-scored 24 points possible 90 minutes

Assessment Rubric:

 Content Strong thesis with clear position on issue. /4 Organization Arguments are clearly organized using the 4-Cs model. /4 Support Supporting paragraphs include arguments based on research, logic, and clear reasoning rather than opinion or emotion. /4 Clarity Claims made and connections between arguments and supporting material are clear and focused. /4 Conventions No significant errors in grammar, usage, punctuation or spelling. /4 Documentation Citations are given in correct MLA format. /4

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 12.07 Directed Research Final Paper (English 11)

 teacher-scored 34 points possible 100 minutes

Now, you get to take your original five-paragraph essay and revise it into a complete argumentative research paper.

Your final paper should be between 600-800 words. You must also incorporate directly cited text from your articles and include the correct MLA references and a works cited list. You should have at least five text citations in your final paper.

See the attached rubric for details about grading. Below is a simplified version of the rubric.

Scoring Rubric

3 Points= Introduces precise, knowledgeable claim and establishes significance
5 Points=Develops claims and counterclaims fairly and thoroughly; supplies most relevant data and evidence
5 Points=Uses words, clauses and phrases, as well as varied syntax, to link major sections of the text, create cohesion and clarify the relationships between claims and reasons
5 Points=Establishes and maintains a smooth, formal style and objective tone; words and phrases such as "I believe" and "I think" are non-existent
3 Points= Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented
5 Points=Has few or no errors in conventions, grammar or usage
5 Points=Lists and appropriately cites credible, relevant, authoritative sources
3 Points= Paper is adequate in length and word count is included

34 Points Total

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 12.08.01 Final Paper Research (English 11)

 teacher-scored 51 points possible 90 minutes

Leafcutter ant carrying a piece of a leaf: Adrian Pingstone, public domain via Wikimedia Commons

Prompt: Perseverance is a steady effort to maintain a course of action, purpose, or belief, often in spite of difficulty. Write a speech for a school assembly about the meaning of perseverance as it applies to personal success.

Research three articles that would help you make a claim on this topic.  You may use the article listed below, Pioneer Library, or other sources for your research.

You will need to accurately cite all of your sources for this assignment using MLA format.  EBSCO has a tool to use for citing sources from there. For other sources, you may want to use a site such as citationmachine.net for help with accurately citing sources.  If you need to review this information, it can be found in Unit 5.

Please use a word processing program to type your responses in a single document and then turn in all together as an attachment. Copy and paste the material between the asterisk lines into a word-processing document to help you complete the assignment.

*********************************************************************

Respond to each question for each article:

1. What is the author’s main claim?  Summarize it in your own words. (2 points)
2. What evidence or key points does the author use to support his/her argument? (2 points)
3. Do you agree or disagree with the author? Explain your position. (3 points)
4. List  three of the author’s points that really made you think about your own opinion about this topic. These can be ideas that support or conflict with your initial opinion. If there weren't any, you should probably choose a different article. (3 points)
5. Directly quote two sections of the text you could use in your essay (to support either your claim or a counter claim). (4 points)
6. Explain why you think this author is a credible source. (2 points)
7. Include the correct MLA documentation for each source. (3 points)

16 Points for each article= 48 Points total

*****************************************************************

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 12.09 Final Research Paper (English 11)

 teacher-scored 34 points possible 100 minutes

Using your research, write a paper which outlines your claim about the topic Perseverance is a steady effort to maintain a course of action, purpose, or belief, often in spite of difficulty. Write a speech for a school assembly about the meaning of perseverance as it applies to personal success.

Your final paper should be between 500-700 words. You must incorporate directly cited text from your research and include the correct MLA reference. You should have at least five text citations in your final paper. See the attached rubric for details about grading. Below is a simplified version of the rubric.

Scoring Rubric

Swimmers at Mittelmosel Triathlon 2012: Winzerboy, CC Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license via Wikimedia Commons

3 Points= Introduces precise, knowledgeable claim and establishes significance
5 Points=Develops claims and counterclaims fairly and thoroughly; supplies most relevant data and evidence
5 Points=Uses words, clauses and phrases, as well as varied syntax, to link major sections of the text, create cohesion and clarify the relationships between claims and reasons
5 Points=Establishes and maintains a smooth, formal style and objective tone; words and phrases such as "I believe" and "I think" are non-existent
3 Points= Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented
5 Points=Has few or no errors in conventions, grammar or usage
5 Points=Lists and appropriately cites credible, relevant, authoritative sources
3 Points= Paper is adequate in length and word count is included

34 Points Total

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 13.01 How a Star is Born Summary Report(Astronomy2)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 60 minutes

The Birth of a Star is an amazing process. Through this research you will study the process and the forces involved in not only the creation of a star but the subsequent creation of planets.
To submit this assignment, click [Edit my submission] and [Save changes] after opening the assignment in Topic 3 of your class topic outline page.
This is a high school credit course and I expect a minimum of one (1) page of research written in your own words. Any evidence of plagiarism or violation of copyright laws will warrant dismissal from this course.

### 13.02.02 Islam - Christianity - Judaism (World Geography)

 teacher-scored 200 points possible 30 minutes

Three of the world's major religions have their origins in the middle east. Islam, Christianity, and Judaism all started within a few hundred miles. Your assignment is to write a compare/contrast paper showing the similarities and the differences between these major religions. The cultures that we find in the middle east today, have all come, in part, from these religions and their founders.

Your grade will be based on the six following areas. All six areas must be covered for each religion. Then you will compare each religion with the others.

* How and where (approximately)the religion began
* Major leaders of the religion (past and present)
* The holy book or scripture of the religion and a brief description of it
* Five (5) major beliefs of the religion
* List some of the different branches or divisions within the religion
* An illustration or picture related to the religion

This is a major paper, worth 200 points. It will be a minimum of 4 pages, but 5-6 pages would be better. Double spaced, cover page, bibliography, introduction and conclusion will be required. Font size can be no larger than 12. You will be able to get allot of information from books and the internet. A trip to the library would help find some of the information.

Your paper will clearly show you know the differences and similarities between these three religions. Grammar, spelling, complete sentences, etc. The following is the grade points per section.

* Introduction and conclusion = 20 points
* Islamic Religion = 40 points
* Christian Religion = 40 points
* Jewish Religion = 40 points
* Compare and contrast = 40 points
* Grammar, spelling, bibliography, etc. = 10 points
* Appearance = 10 points

***70% or higher is required to pass any assignment***

### 14.01 Death of a Star Summary Report (Astronomy2)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 50 minutes

Stars have a beginning as you learned in the previous lesson and they also have an end. Through this lesson you will discover that the death of a star depends upon its size or mass. You will explore Red Giants and White Dwarfs, Super Novas and Neutron Stars and the great mystery of a Black Hole.
Click on the internet link for Death of a Star. Read through the information and submit a summary report.
This is a high school credit course and I expect a minimum of one (1) page of research written in your own words. Any evidence of plagiarism or violation of copyright laws will warrant dismissal from this course.

### 15.01.01 Galaxies (Astronomy2)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 30 minutes

Classification of Galaxies
Study the information at the link, and submit a written report describing at least three ways scientist classify galaxies.

### 15.01.02 Acid Rain Report(Chemistry4)

 teacher-scored 20 points possible 90 minutes

Acid Rain

20 points

Write a one and one-half to two page paper, in your own words, on acid rain. Describe what kind of acid is formed, how it is formed, and where it is most likely to form. Explain some of the effects of acid rain on the environment and outline measures that are being used to control it. Be sure to cite at least three sources of information.

### 15.01.03 Acids of Bases in our Lives(Chemistry4)

 teacher-scored 30 points possible 90 minutes

Acids and bases in our lives

30 Points

Choose one of the following and write a three to five page report. Be sure to cite your sources.

1. Research and report on the uses of acids and bases in industry, agriculture, medicine, mining, manufacturing, or construction.

or

2. Evaluate mechanisms by which pollutants modify the pH of various environments (e.g., aquatic, atmospheric, soil).

### 15.02.07 - Reaching for the Stars (Physics)

 teacher-scored 50 points possible 90 minutes

Astronomy was the first science. Ancient people stared at the stars and tried to figure out how things worked. Everything Newton did was based on observations and discoveries of the scientists and astronomers that came before. Sputnik was a life-changing event for the people alive at that time. Everyone remembers where they were when Neil Armstrong walked on the Moon. Even today, NASA has the goal of getting back to the Moon, and sending people to Mars. And how many science fiction books take place on planets and stars other than our own? The Universe outside the Earth has always inspired our imagination and peaked our curiosity.

So in the spirit of discovery, I want you to research and write about an aspect of humankind's attempts to reach the stars.

This is a very open assignment. You can research an early astronomer or a more recent astronaut. Or, if you are more interested in technology than people, you can research technological advances, such as the invention of the telescope, or the multiphase rocket. You could research a space mission, even a ground-based one, or a theory of the Universe. I suggest being broadminded in this. Instead of researching Galileo, consider Caroline Herschel. Instead of writing about Apollo 11, consider the less well known Apollos 1-10, 12-17 (did you know there were 17 Apollo missions?).

Part I: Research

Pick a topic that interests you about astronomy or the space program. I suggested a few in the intro, but consider others. E-mail your instructor for additional suggestions if you can't come up with any on your own. Then do a web-search on this topic. You should be able to find dozens of excellent websites. But be careful with these. While Wikipedia is a great starting place, because it is open source, practical jokers or people with political agendas will add incorrect and inappropriate content. So, it is not the best resource. Also, when I was searching for info on the Apollo program, several of the first sites were on the "moon-landing hoax." You need to avoid junk science sites. Not everything you read on the internet is true.

Or, you can go to the library and find a book on your topic of interest. This is more likely to give you good information. And it is less likely to be junk science. However, just like websites, some books are better than others. Try to find a few that have good information. Try the Pioneer Library.

Obviously, this is far too much information to put in a short paper like this. So pick about three things that you find interesting, and that you understand well enough to explain them in your own words.

Read up on these things. Take some notes. Remember to write your references down as you find them (it is hard to go back later.) When you feel confident you understand these well enough, continue onto:

Part II: Writing Assignment

You will write a standard five to eight paragraph essay on a topic relating to astronomy or the space program. This should actually be quite straight forward. If you recall from your writing classes, a five to eight paragraph essay has an introductory paragraph, three to six "body" paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph. The introductory paragraph should have the "thesis" or the main idea of the entire essay as one sentence. Then it should have a sentence about each of the "body" paragraphs. It may include other sentences that engage the reader or elaborate the points. Each of the "body" paragraphs should have the main idea about that paragraph as one sentence. The additional sentences should give examples and supporting details about the main idea. The concluding paragraph should sum-up everything you already said.

This essay should be really straight forward to write, because you already selected three specific topics on your topic. So you can write one or two "body" paragraphs about each of the three topics. You should use the following format:

Paragraph I: Introduction
• Introduce the topic.
• Paragraph II-VII: The Interesting Stuff
• This is too broad to say anything very specific here.
• If you are writing about a person you could use one paragraph for a brief biography. Then write a couple paragraphs on what that person did and why it was important. Finally, write another paragraph about how this person's contributions have changed the world.
• Or, if you are writing about a technological advance you could write a paragraph about the people involved in the invention. Then you could spend a few paragraphs describing the technology (how does it work). Finally, spend a few paragraphs describing what it was used for and how it is still being used, or what it was replaced with.
• If you are writing about a space mission, you can spend a paragraph describing the people involved. Next spend a few paragraphs on the goals of the mission, and what actually happened. Finally describe how this mission affected future space exploration, and what is its impact on the world.
• If you are writing about a theory of astronomy you can spend a paragraph describing the people who contributed to the theory. Then you can spend a few paragraphs describing the theory, how it was tested and why it was accepted as a valid explanation of the universe. Finally, describe how the theory was either replaced by a better theory, or is still used, or even is still being tested, depending on the theory you write about.
• If there is anything particularly interesting about the topic, be sure to include that.
• Paragraph VIII: Conclusion
• Sum-up what you already told me in the previous four to seven paragraphs.
• And, since this is a research essay, you do need to include References. These should be at the bottom of the essay. Some websites have information about how to cite that page, use the information provided. If you cannot find any information on how to cite the page, then cite the link. Books or other resources should be cited according to a standard format. (I am not picky about which referencing format you use.)

You will be graded according to the following rubric.

### 16.01 Big Bang Theory Research Summary(Astronomy2)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 50 minutes

The Big Bang Theory is a fascinating explanation of the origin of our universe.

However, there are scientifically several big holes in the theory that science has yet to explain. Through this unit, you will explore the theory of the Big Bang and also explore the holes in the theory.

Click on the link for "The Big bang Theory"

When you have completed your research, post a summary of your findings.

This is a high school credit course and I expect a minimum of one (1) page of research written in your own words. Any evidence of plagiarism or violation of copyright laws will warrant dismissal from this course.

### 16.02.03 Shakespeare research (English 10)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 180 minutes

For the next few units you will be discovering the joy of experiencing Shakespeare. In order to truly enjoy Shakespeare, a student needs to have some background knowledge of the Elizabethan Age, the theater, and Shakespeare, himself. In this assignment, you will be using research skills to discover why theater was such an important part of the Elizabethan culture and why Shakespeare was such an important part of Elizabethan theater and the Elizabethan Period of history in England.

Write in your own words! Do not copy and paste!

Section 1
Write a 400 word biography of Queen Elizabeth I of England. You may use the internet or books for your research. Make sure you include parents, siblings, lovers, accomplishments, and reasons for her successful reign. Because you are going to find a tremendous amount of information about Queen Elizabeth I, you are going to have to choose very carefully what you are going to include in your paper.

Section 2
Not much information is available about Shakespeare’s actual life. Write a brief biography of Shakespeare using what information you can find using books or the internet. Include the titles of five of his tragedies, five of his comedies, and five of his histories. Which titles are you familiar? Why are his works so timeless?

Section 3
Write a brief (200-300 words) history of “theater”. Include information concerning the following questions. Where did theater begin? How did it begin in England? Where and when does Shakespearean-type theater enter the picture? How does Shakespearean theater differ from theater of today? Make sure you include information about the traveling players, and the Globe Theater.

### 16.03 Two Page Paper (Teen Living)

 teacher-scored 15 points possible 90 minutes

Two-Page Paper

Write a two-page paper describing what aspects of Teen Living made the biggest difference in your life. Describe what ideas led to new behavior. Describe a prior situation that you improved through this knowledge. Describe any new ideas that changed from what you had thought prior to taking Teen Living.

At the end of your paper, please comment on how the teacher might improve or state what you liked about her.

When you study for the final take special attention to go over all of the material on grandparents and pay serious attention. Students are missing the correct answers to those questions and I'm wondering if students are dismissing this material as unimportant. Study very hard for the final - it will determine your final grade.

CRITICAL to your success is the following: Once I put in the final grade after your proctored exam, your credit should arrive at your school in about two weeks. It is YOUR responsibility to check with your school counselor to see that the credit arrived because records can get lost, and it may be your only proof. If you wait until later, it may be impossible for us to verify old records, and you may not get the credit, so please don't forget this important step.

Thanks for this wonderful opportunity to teach you and best of luck to you! Ms. DeJoshua

### 17.02.01 I Search Research Project

 teacher-scored 70 points possible 45 minutes

I Search Scoring Rubric

Section 1= 10 Points 6 Points= complete paragraph outlining what you already know about the topic 4 Points= paragraph is well written and engaging with few errors in spelling and grammar Section 2= 40 Points Each annotation is worth 10 Points 5 Points= complete paragraph summary of the article 3 Points= correct MLA bibliographic information is included 2 Points= paragraph is not copied from the source and is well written with few errors Section 3= 20 Points 9 Points= review paragraphs discuss the topic in detail focusing on the new information acquired 5 Points= paragraphs are well written and engaging with few errors 6 Points= Information from the research is used in the discussion and specific textual references are used. Section 3 Alternate= 20 Points 8 Points= Research is presented thoroughly in a PowerPoint presentation or video; new information learned is clear 6 Points= Presentation of the topic is creative and engaging 6 Points= Specific textual references are used in the presentation and somehow highlighted for emphasis

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 6 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 18.01.01 Careers in Space Exploration Research Summary (Astronomy2)

 teacher-scored 100 points possible 60 minutes

The most visible job in Space Exploration is that of an astronaut, but there are many behind the scene jobs. Using the web site, give a summary of the different areas of job opportunities. Select a space related career of your choice or interest and write a summary report about what is involved in the career. Be sure to include any information you may find about training and/or schooling requirements. Most of the explanations are rather short, so you may need to explore a couple of careers to be able to submit a page of good information.

This is a high school credit course and I expect a minimum of one (1) page of research written in your own words. Any evidence of plagiarism or violation of copyright laws will warrant dismissal from this course.

### 18.04 Directed Research Final Paper

 teacher-scored 34 points possible 60 minutes

Now, you get to take your original five paragraph essay and revise it into a complete argumentative research paper. Your final paper should be between 600-800 words. You must also incorporate directly cited text from your articles and include the correct MLA reference. You should have at least five text citations in your final paper. See the attached rubric for details about grading. Below is a simplified version of the rubric. Scoring Rubric

3 Points= Introduces precise, knowledgeable claim and establishes significance 5 Points=Develops claims and counterclaims fairly and thoroughly; supplies most relevant data and evidence 5 Points=Uses words, clauses and phrases, as well as varied syntax, to link major sections of the text, create cohesion and clarify the relationships between claims and reasons 5 Points=Establishes and maintains a smooth, formal style and objective tone; words and phrases such as "I believe" and "I think" are non-existent 3 Points= Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented 5 Points=Has few or no errors in conventions, grammar or usage 5 Points=Lists and appropriately cites credible, relevant, authoritative sources 3 Points= Paper is adequate in length and word count is included

34 Points Total

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 18.05.01 Final Paper Research

 teacher-scored 51 points possible 45 minutes

Prompt: Your principal is considering a new grading policy that replaces letter or number grades on report cards with pass or fail. What is your position concerning this issue?

Research three articles that would help you make a claim on this topic. There are two articles given at the sites below and you will need to find one source on your own.  Make sure you accurately cite all of your sources for your paper. EBSCO is a great resources to use for research.  Remember that EBSCO has a tool to use for citing sources from there. If you need to review this information, it can be found in Unit 17.

After reading each article, you will answer the questions below. Please use a word processing program to type your responses in a single document and then turn in all together as an attachment. Copy and paste the material between the asterisk lines into a word-processing document to help you complete the assignment.

*****************************************************

Respond to each question for each article:

1. What is the author’s argument/ suggestion? (2 points)

2. Give at least two key points the author makes to support his/her argument? (4 points)

3. Do you agree or disagree with the author? Explain your position. (2 points)

5. Directly quote two sections of the text you could use in your essay. (2 points)

6. Explain why you think this author is a credible source. (2 points)

7. Include the correct MLA documentation for each source. (3 points)

17 Points for each article= 51 Points total

********************************************

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 18.06 Final Research Paper

 teacher-scored 34 points possible 60 minutes

3 Points= Introduces precise, knowledgeable claim and establishes significance 5 Points=Develops claims and counterclaims fairly and thoroughly; supplies most relevant data and evidence 5 Points=Uses words, clauses and phrases, as well as varied syntax, to link major sections of the text, create cohesion and clarify the relationships between claims and reasons 5 Points=Establishes and maintains a smooth, formal style and objective tone; words and phrases such as "I believe" and "I think" are non-existent 3 Points= Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented 5 Points=Has few or no errors in conventions, grammar or usage 5 Points=Lists and appropriately cites credible, relevant, authoritative sources 3 Points= Paper is adequate in length and word count is included

34 Points Total

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 19.04.07 - Alternative Energy Sources (Physics)

 teacher-scored 50 points possible 90 minutes

In this assignment you will research an alternative energy source.

Since the beginning of time, people have been searching for the perfect energy source. Now the cost of oil is higher than ever, the demand for fossil fuels exceeds the supply, people are more conscious of pollution and global warming, and Al Gore won the Nobel peace prize. Energy sources are always in the news.

A perfect energy source does not actually exist. There are advantages and disadvantages to all sources of energy. Since you understand a little bit about how energy sources are transformed into useful work, and how some energy is "lost" after being converted to heat and increasing entropy, you should be able to critically examine the potential alternate energy sources that people are currently developing.

In this assignment you will research and write about one alternate energy source.

Part I: Research

Pick an alternative form of energy that interests you. E-mail your instructor for suggestions if you can't come up with any on your own. Then do a web-search on this topic. You should be able to find dozens of excellent websites. But be careful with these. While Wikipedia is a great starting place, because it is open source practical jokers or people with political agendas will add incorrect and inappropriate content. So, it is not the best resource. Also, there are many people out selling fraudulent perpetual motion machines, and other energy sources that violate the laws of thermodynamics. Be careful of these. You need to avoid junk science sites. Not everything you read on the internet is true.

Or you can go to the library and find a book on your topic of interest. This is more likely to give you good information if the book is recent enough. And it is less likely to be junk science. However, just like websites, some books are better than others. Try to find a few that have good, current information. You might also want to use the Pioneer Library for your research.

You need to find out four things. First, describe the energy source (is it chemical like biomass, is it mechanical like tides, is it heat like geothermal). Second, explain how it works (you many need to explain how an engine, generator or heat pump works). Third, describe the advantages. Fourth, describe the disadvantages.

Read up on these things. Take some notes. Remember to write your references down as you find them (it is hard to go back later.) When you feel confident you understand these well enough, continue on to:

Part II: Writing Assignment

You will write a six-paragraph essay on an alternate energy source. This should actually be quite straight forward. If you recall from your writing classes, an essay has an introductory paragraph, "body" paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph. The introductory paragraph should have the "thesis" or the main idea of the entire essay as one sentence. Then it should have a sentence about each of the "body" paragraphs. It may include other sentences that engage the reader or elaborate the points. Each of the "body" paragraphs should have the main idea about that paragraph as one sentence. The additional sentences should give examples and supporting details about the main idea. The concluding paragraph should sum-up everything you already said.

This essay should be really straight forward to write, because you already researched four items about the alternate energy source. So each "body" paragraph can be about one of the four items. You should use the following format:

• Paragraph I: Introduction
• Introduce the form of energy.
• Do you personally think this is a good form of energy?
• Paragraph II: Describe the Energy Source
• What is the source? Where does it come from? How do we get it (make it, mine it,etc)?
• Paragraph III: Explain How It Works
• Explain how this is an energy source. Do you burn it in a heat engine? Do you use the tides to turn a generator? Does it convert sunlight to electricity?
• Explain how that works. How does a heat engine work? How does a generator work? What is the photoelectric effect?
• Paragraph IV: Describe the Advantages
• What are the advantages? Is this energy source low polluting? Is it abundant? Is it renewable?
• Paragraph V: Describe the Disadvantages
• What are the disadvantages? Is this energy source expensive? Is it a NIMB (not in my backyard, people don't want it near where they live, wind power has this problem)? Is it dangerous?
• Paragraph V: Conclusion
• Sun up what you have already said.

And, since this is a research essay, you do need to include References. These should be at the bottom of the essay. Some web-sites have information about how to cite that page, use the information provided. If you cannot find any information on how to cite the page, then cite the link. Books or other resources should be cited according to a standard format. (I am not picky about which referencing format you use.)

____________________

You will be graded according to the following rubric.

 Research Sources are Excellent5 Sources are Adequate4 3 2 Sources are Poor1 References are Cited Correctly5 Some References are Cited Correctly4 3 2 References are Cited Incorrectly1 Content Thesis is clear 5 Thesis is adequate 4 3 2 Thesis is poor 1 All information isfactually correct 5 Most information isfactually correct4 3 2 Many factualerrors/inconsistencies 1 Excellent discussion of detail 5 Adequate discussion of detail4 3 2 Vague discussion of detail 1 Impressive demonstration of understanding 5 Adequate demonstration of understanding4 3 2 Unexceptional demonstration of understanding 1 Effective conclusion 5 Adequate conclusion4 3 2 Weak conclusion 1 Format and Style Clear organization 5 Adequate organization4 3 2 Confusing organization 1 Smooth transitions 5 Adequate transitions4 3 2 Awkward transitions 1 Correct grammar/no spelling mistakes 5 Few grammar errors/Few spelling mistakes4 3 2 Incorrect grammar/many spelling mistakes 1

### 23.03 Compare/ Contrast Final Paper

 teacher-scored 32 points possible 150 minutes

Compare/Contrast Final Paper

Now that you have done a bit of research on your colleges, you are ready to write the final paper.

The key to a good compare/contrast is to have solid criteria for your discussion.

You will be talking about the following criteria: cost, location, programs of interest to you, entrance requirements and then adding two additional criteria of your own.

You will be using six criteria to use to make your comparison.

Your paper should be organized as follows:
The first paragraph or section should introduce the things you are comparing and then you should list your criteria for comparing the two.
The body paragraphs should focus on your criteria for comparison (you will have six body paragraphs--one for each criteria).
Your last paragraph should indicate which of the two things you prefer.

This paper should be between 600-800 words.

You will complete this assignment on word processing document and upload it in the assignment section.

Attached is a detailed scoring rubric but here is a summary:
3 Points=Opening paragraph introduces the compare/contrast elements and organizes ideas, concepts, and information.
8 Points= Each body paragraph discusses a chosen criteria in detail and develops the compare/contrast thoroughly by selecting the most significant and relevant facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information
5 Points= Use appropriate and varied transitions and syntax to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships
5 Points=Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone; uses precise language and content-specific vocabulary
3 Points=Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented
5 Points=Has few or no errors in conventions, grammar or usage
3 Points= Paper is between 500-700 words; word count is included

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 5 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 24.07 Directed Research Final Paper

 teacher-scored 34 points possible 150 minutes

Now, you get to take your original five paragraph essay and revise it into a complete argumentative research paper. Your final paper should be between 600-800 words. You must also incorporate directly cited text from your articles and include the correct MLA reference. You should have at least 5 text citations in your final paper. See the attached rubric for details about grading. Below is a simplified version of the rubric. Scoring Rubric

3 Points= Introduces precise, knowledgeable claim and establishes significance 5 Points=Develops claims and counterclaims fairly and thoroughly; supplies most relevant data and evidence 5 Points=Uses words, clauses and phrases, as well as varied syntax, to link major sections of the text, create cohesion and clarify the relationships between claims and reasons 5 Points=Establishes and maintains a smooth, formal style and objective tone; words and phrases such as "I believe" and "I think" are non-existent 3 Points= Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented 5 Points=Has few or no errors in conventions, grammar or usage 5 Points=Lists and appropriately cites credible, relevant, authoritative sources 3 Points= Paper is adequate in length and word count is included

34 Points Total

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 7 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 24.08.01 Final Paper Research

 teacher-scored 48 points possible 100 minutes

Prompt: A well-known football coach once said, "Winning isn't everything, it's the only thing." Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Write an essay in which you state your position and support it with convincing evidence.

Research three articles that would help you make a claim on this topic. You will need to accurately cite all of your sources for your paper. SIRS and EBSCO are great resources to use for research. SIRS includes the citation at the bottom of each article and EBSCO has a tool to use for citing sources from there. If you need to review this information, it can be found in Unit 23.

After reading each article, you will answer the questions below. Please use a word-processing program to type your responses in a single document, then turn in all together as an attachment.

Copy and paste the material between the asterisk lines into a word-processing document to help you complete the assignment. *****************************

Respond to each question for each article:

1. What is the author’s argument/ suggestion? (2 points)

2. What key points does the author make to support his/her argument? (2 points)

3. Do you agree or disagree with the author? Explain your position. (3 points)

5. Directly quote two sections of the text you could use in your essay. (4 points)

6. Explain why you think this author is a credible source. (2 points) 7. Include the correct MLA documentation for each source. (3 points)

********************************

16 Points for each article= 48 Points total

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.

### 24.09 Final Research Paper

 teacher-scored 34 points possible 60 minutes

Using your research, write a paper which outlines your claim about the topic A well-known football coach once said, "Winning isn't everything, it's the only thing." Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Write an essay in which you state your position and support it with convincing evidence. Your final paper should be between 500-700 words. You must also incorporate directly cited text from your articles and include the correct MLA reference. You should have at least five text citations in your final paper. See the attached rubric for details about grading. Below is a simplified version of the rubric. Scoring Rubric

3 Points= Introduces precise, knowledgeable claim and establishes significance 5 Points=Develops claims and counterclaims fairly and thoroughly; supplies most relevant data and evidence 5 Points=Uses words, clauses and phrases, as well as varied syntax, to link major sections of the text, create cohesion and clarify the relationships between claims and reasons 5 Points=Establishes and maintains a smooth, formal style and objective tone; words and phrases such as "I believe" and "I think" are non-existent 3 Points= Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented 5 Points=Has few or no errors in conventions, grammar or usage 5 Points=Lists and appropriately cites credible, relevant, authoritative sources 3 Points= Paper is adequate in length and word count is included

34 Points Total

Pacing: complete this by the end of Week 8 of your enrollment date for this class.