A. Employment Law – Click on the "A" links to answer the questions below regarding employment law.
1. Click on the link above that says “Employment Law Sing-A-Long.” What does the jingle say the employer could happen if they do not know employment law? List five qualities mentioned in the song that are needed to comply with employment law. Lastly, what does the jingle say the employer should do with documentation to avoid litigation?
2. Give a 75 word summary on the video entitled “Employee Rights Video – Disability Law).” How employees are protected in the state of New Jersey and some of the challenges for the employers to comply with this law.
3. Click on the link above that is entitled “Employee Rights Video (12 Danger Zones).” While watching the video, note at least five laws that are broken as it relates to discrimination in the workplace.
4. Click on the link entitled “Employment and Antidiscrimination Laws” and once there, define/explain at least three of the employment and antidiscrimination laws (be sure to include the ADA and FMLA laws as two of them) that exist to protect citizens from unjustified discrimination.
5. Click on the link above entitled “OSHA” and briefly explain OSHA. Explain what it is, what needs to be done in order to be in compliance, and list some common mistakes that are made that can prove costly for companies.
6. Click on the link that says, “Unemployment” and then explain what unemployment compensation is. Then, list two reasons why someone would qualify for unemployment? List one reason that may mean that one may not qualify for unemployment. According to the article, does one’s unemployment compensation usually equal their wages?
7. Click on the link above entitled “Agency and Employment Law Powerpoint.” Answer the following questions as they related to that powerpoint…
1. Explain, in detail, the differences between justified and unjustified discrimination. Which classes are protected from discrimination? Which are not?
2. What is an agent?
3. Define an employee.
4. Give two ways a principal/agent relationship can be formed?
5. What are the primary duties of agents to the principals? How about the duties of principals to agents?
6. What does it mean to have your wages garnished? What law protects the employee from losing his/her job because of wage garnishment?
7. Describe, as best you can, the collective bargaining agreement and how it benefits both the employee and the employer.
B. Independent Contractors – Click on the “Agency and Employment Law Powerpoint Ch. 11” and answer the following questions…
1. What exactly is an independent contractor?
2. Does the contractor represent the employer? Explain.
3. How is a relationship formed between the employee and the contractor?
4. Explain at least four criteria for determining whether or not someone is an independent contractor.
C. Minors and Employment – Read the information below about employing minors and then answer the questions that follow…
1. Minors must be at least 14 years of age to obtain a work permit. New work permits must be obtained with each change of employment. Minors aged 16 and 17 years old do not have to obtain a work permit during the summer months (when school is not in session), as long as the employer maintains proof of age and a signed statement from the minor’s parent or guardian consenting to the employment of said minor.
Hours of Employment for Minors Aged 14 and 15. When school is in session, the minor may not work before 7:00 A.M. or after 7:00 P.M. They may not work more than three hours on any school day. They may not work more than 18 hours in any school week or 40 hours per week in the summer. 4. They may not work during school hours unless employment is incidental to bona fide vocational training programs. They may not work more than eight hours per day. not in session, there is no limitation as to the starting and ending time, nor is there any limitation in hours per day or week. No minor of any age shall work more than five consecutive hours without a 30-minute uninterrupted break. Said break must be documented.
Occupations Prohibited for All Minors include slaughtering, meat-packing, processing, operation of power-driven slicers; bakery machines; paper product machines; metal forming, punching, or shearing machines; circular/band saws; guillotine shears; and woodworking machines, manufacture of brick, tile, and kindred products, manufacture and storage of chemicals or explosives, or exposure to radioactive and ionizing radiation substances, coal mining and mining other than coal, logging and sawmilling, motor vehicle, railroads, maritime, and longshoreman occupations, excavation, wrecking, demolition, power-driven and hoisting apparatus equipment, roofing occupations
Prohibited for Minors Aged 14 and 15, public messenger services, work in freezers and meat coolers, and preparation of meats for sale (except wrapping, sealing, labeling, weighing, pricing, and stocking).
1. Under these labor laws, can a student under age 16 take a job that requires him or her to work from 5:00 P.M. until 9:00 P.M., Monday through Friday, if school is in session?
2. Can a student over age 16 work from 9:00 P.M. until 11:30 P.M. during the school week?
3. Why do you think certain occupations are prohibited for all minors?
4. Can a minor work as a public messenger and deliver messages to others? Why or why not do you think?
2. Go to the Web site for the Equal Employment and Occupation Commission (EEOC) below. When and how was the commission established? What is the chief purpose of the EEOC? Name five employment discrimination practices that are prohibited by discrimination laws. What steps can you take if an employer discriminates against you?
D. Quiz on Employment Law -- Click on the link below, select CHAPTER 33 and then click on the tab “Interactive Quiz.” Take the quiz (10 Questions). When you are finished, click on “End Quiz and View Summary.” Then, e-mail it to your teacher.